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Briti kirjandus 20.-21. sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega (0)

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British Literature in the
20
th-21st Century
REVISION QUESTIONS
  • The Contradictory , diverse , chaotic 20th century. New developments in science and philosophy . The essence and influence of Freudian theory.
    Contradictory,
    diverse, chaotic 20
    th
    c
    -
    simultaneous rejection and invocation of the past. While modernists
    apotheosized the creative geniuses of the past, they also rejected
    old poetic forms . Challenge old and established beliefs and more and
    more people had access to books and education more people went to universities .
    profound change in morals:

    Science: Albert Einstein -general theory of relativity had a huge impact on
    culture as well. Everything is relative.
    Philosophy:
    Henri Bergson ( French ) came to challenge the immediate experience ad
    intuition are more significant than rationalism and science for understanding reality . Opposition to materialism and positivism .
    Opposition to abstract , untested theories &ideologies. Friedrich Nietzsche „God is dead“- through explaining and putting forward
    theories had killed Christian god.
    The
    essence of Freudian theory:
    the process in the human psyche
    Superego -society,
    conscience, morals, traditions , religion, a moral censor
    Ego- rational behavior, motivation , self-identification, conscious decisions
    Id-instincts,
    natural responses , the pleasure principle, aggressive instincts, the death wish
    Influence:
    In art and literature, Freud 's theories influenced surrealism . Like
    psychoanalysis, surrealistic painting and writing explores the inner
    depths of the unconscious mind. Freudian ideas have provided subject matter for authors and artists . Critics often analyze art and
    literature in Freudian terms
  • Literary Modernism and its sub-movements. The influence of Structuralism and psychoanalysis. Main characteristic features of Modernism. Denial of conventions, traditional structure, plot and presentation of character . The stream of consciousness . Allusiveness. Virginia Woolf ’s Modern Fiction as a theoretical platform for Modernism. Criticism of Realist literary method .
    Literary modernism: end of the 19th century-1920 (reached its height ) and ended 1940s. A self-conscious break with traditional
    aesthetic forms. Rejecting the sentiment and discursiveness typical of Romanticism and Victorian
    literature for poetry that instead favored precision (täppis) of imagery and clear , sharp language . Modernist writers embraced the unconscious
    fears of a darker humanity.
    Sub
    movements
    : surrealism, formalism , avant- garde , symbolism, imagism
    Structuralism: Writers used myth and music as a part of the books structure. J. JoyceUlysses ”. Deep structure is the same as in “ odyssey
  • Vasakule Paremale
    Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #1 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #2 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #3 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #4 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #5 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #6 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #7 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #8 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #9 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #10 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #11 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #12 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #13 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #14 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #15 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #16 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #17 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #18 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #19 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #20 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #21 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #22 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #23 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #24 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #25 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #26 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #27 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #28 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #29 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #30 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #31 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #32 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #33 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #34 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #35 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #36 Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega #37
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    Aeg2012-05-16 Kuupäev, millal dokument üles laeti
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    Autor merksz Õppematerjali autor
    Briti kirjanduse 20.-21. sajandi eksami kordamisküsimused vastustega, British Literature in the 20th-21st Century
    briti kirjandus 2012 tallinna ülikool the contradictory diverse chaotic 20th century new developments in science and philosophy the essence and influence of freudian theory literary modernism and its sub-movements the influence of structuralism and psychoanalysis main characteristic features of modernism denial of conventions traditional structure plot and presentation of character the stream of consciousness allusiveness virginia woolf?s modern fiction as a theoretical platform for modernism criticism of realist literary method joseph conrad and literary impressionism new ways of presenting character and experience conrad?s literary output lord jim nostromo heart of darkness and a critique of colonialism kurtz as nietzsche?s superman the darkness of human heart civilization and barbarism: which is which? james joyce as a master of european modernism joyce?s background joyce and ireland a portrait of the artist as a young man stephen?s and joyce?s spiritual searchings portrait as a modernist bildungsroman revolution in style and composition james joyce?s ulysses life as a whole with its fundamental laws structure composition language and style of ulysses the use of myth the characters: stephen bloom molly an d their mythological counterparts joyce?s stream of consciousness: a means of characterisation and rendering life as a whole the three characters? stream of consciousness dh lawrence: man and writer lawrence?s aesthetic: ?art for my sake? why the novel matters criticism of modern civilization the influence of freudian theory instinctive man vs spiritual woman lawrence?s women sons and lovers oedipus complex and the formation of the artist ts eliot?s poetry objective correlative the love song of j alfred prufrock paralysis anxiety fragmentation as typical features of the modern world and human condition (the waste land the hollow men) virginia woolf: an innovative writer and a feminist classic a troubled life on the verge of madness bloomsbury group woolf?s modernist aesthetic peculiarities of woolf?s stream of consciousness joyce?s and woolf?s stream of consciousness the problem of time change and memory for human personality mrs dalloway identity and survival septimus smith as clarissa?s ?dark double? english literature of the 1930s-1950s aggravating political and economic situation in the 1930s-1940s a turn in the mood aesthetic programme moral convictions and public taste the golden age of crime fiction the literature of ?fair play? graham greene realism and existentialism post wwii english literature the age of fear the philosophical novel existentialism loneliness impossibility of communication existence vs being william golding?s view of human nature darkness visible lord of the flies a parable of man outside civilization the 1960s as a new era in science technology politics and society victories and losses new spirit and aesthetic liberation world-wide new consciousness: mass culture counter-culture cult of personality ?the swinging sixties? and ?the sagging seventies? the politics and poetics of postmodernism resistance to interpretations play with language genre character ?the true? and ?the real? the role of media and ideology differences between post-war and postmodern fiction; postmodernism and modernism anthony burgess a clockwork orange as a satiric dystopia the philosophy of free choice burgess?s linguistic experiments women?s liberation movement and the literature of feminism second-wave feminism political and social campaigns and victories revolution in culture and language hélène cixous and l?écriture feminine sex vs gender (s de beauvoir butler) genres and characteristics of feminist literature angela carter the evolution of the writer?s career 1960s-1990s: from radicalism to magic realist metafiction femininity as a constructed notion in a carter?s short stories novels and non-fiction new woman changing old rules in nights at the circus and the loves of lady purple magic realism: characteristic features and philosophical meaning play with time and reality plurality of worlds and truths the ?real? and its representations (examples from a carter) historiographic metafiction linda hutcheon history as a collection of representations historiographic metafiction and magic realism in the writings of salman rushdie postcolonial situation and postcolonial trauma d m thomas?s view of history as myth postmodern play metafiction magic realism intertextuality and plagiarism (or pastiche!) in the white hotel english literature at the millennium 1990-2010: diversity of writers and social responses major historical events and their influence on cultural climate responses of different ethnic groups literature of second- and third-generation immigrants from former colonies nadeem aslam?s politics language and characters cultural hybridity as predicament and site for dialogue and development postmodernism realism postcolonialism and hybridity in the writings of zadie smith cultural construction and the ?beauty myth? postmodernism as a life-style fiction that goes beyond literature jeanette winteron: self-conscious self-advertising writer winterson?s postmodernism: gender blending identity as a construct cyberspace and 21st-century fiction ian mcewan: the progress of a mainstream writer mcewan?s psychological fiction violence and alienation as part of zeitgeist mcewan?s children responses to urgent contemporary concerns: climate change and ecocriticism

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    English literature summary

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