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Aeg2017-12-05 Kuupäev, millal dokument üles laeti
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Sissejuhatus erialasesse õiguskeelde (inglise keel)

eligible (valitav) - capable of being chosen fair trial (õiglane kohtupidamine) - parites are treated equally by independent and biased judges code (seadustik) - a collection of laws libel matters (kirjalik laim) - in written text saying terrible things another person slander matter (suuline laim) - to say terrible things about someone verbaly sole proprietor (füüsiliselt isikust ettevõtja) - person who owns business, distinguished from a partnership or corporation 1. Prescriptive and descriptive law Some laws are descriptive: they simply describe how people, or even natural phenomena, usually behave. Some laws are prescriptive: they prescribe how people ought to behave. In all societies, relations between people are regulated by prescriptive law out of which some are customs ­ informal rules of social and moral behaviour. Breaking these rules may lead to penalties.

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Sissejuhatus inglise õiguskeelde

11.02.09 INGLISE KEEL Palju aega läheb. 10 nädalat aint. One of the ESP courses. What we are going to do, what is needed: · What we do - 1 test, on words. · 2 Essays, that means that we have to look into academic writing · Homereading ­ we read a case from European Court of Justice thingy. · Oral thing. · 90% you have to attend · Have to prepare for class and take part of it etc What we learn: Terms Expressions / collocations (nt obey/abide by the law) Explaining AWOL ­ absence without a leave Legal English can be divided into 3 levels. We learn the first one, which is needed for the other two! You have to know the vocabulary etc. Second level has to do with legal contracts... The third level both 1 and 2 and explaining... We learn the vocabulary + explaining. Process of law-making draft law/bill (seaduseelnõu) is developed draft is sent

Inglise õiguskeel 1

"Õigus" teemalised Inglise keelsed õigusterminid i=25w06u&x=1jqY&fbclid=IwAR1qQksMLyeDlPJwkOTW_Fq18r1xJUkZrlbt6nX49ZocC _ojSaZoykYBJXk Prosecutor, judge, sworn advocate, notary NOTARY JUDGE PROSECUTOR SWORN ADVOCATE/ ATTORNEY-AT- LAW WHAT DO THEY A notary public of the A judge presides over The prosecutor has Attorney at law or DO? common law is a a courtroom, hearing three main tasks: attorney-at-law,

Akadeemiline inglise keel

Essential Vocabulary töö

1. reegleid järgima observe rules 2. reegleid rikkuma break rules 3. vägivaldselt käituma (kellegi suhtes) act violently towards 4. vastuvõetava käitumise reegleid kehtestama establish acceptable rules of behaviour 5. õigusi kaitsma protect rights 6. õigusi maksma panema assert rights 7. õigusi piirama restrict rights 8. kohustusi peale panema impose duties on 9. seadust järgima obey law, observe law 10. seaduskuulekad inimesed law-abiding people 11. seadust jõustama enforce law 12. alaealised minors 13. õiguskaitseorganid law enforcement agencies 14. süütegusid uurima investigate offences 15. karistust määrama impose punishment on 16

Inglise keel

Comparative law

Specialised Courts The Specialised Courts were created by the European Parliament and the Council in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure. These courts have jurisdiction at first instance in certain categories of action on specific matters. Different types of action The CJEU is responsible for ensuring compliance with European law. It has jurisdiction in actions brought by Member States, other European institutions and European citizens. There are several types of procedure: · the action for annulment; · the proceedings for failure to fulfil an obligation; · the proceedings for failure to act; · the action for damages; · the reference for a preliminary ruling. INTERNATIONAL COURTS There is a wide range of courts and tribunals that hear disputes at international level and which have their headquarters on European territory. However, these courts do not come under the auspices of the European Union. They are:

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Estonian Court System

Estonian Court System Estonia has a three-level court system. Estonian court system consists of four country courts, two administrative courts, three circuit courts and supreme court. Country courts and administrative courts are the courts of first instance, circuit courts are courts of appeal and the supreme court, situated in Tartu, is the court of the highest instance The Supreme Court is also the constitutional review court. In the structure of four country courts(Harju, Pärnu, Tartu and Viru) operate courthouses in every country seat(in Ida- Virumaa and Harjumaa there are three courthouses)In the structure of two administrative courts(in Tallinn and Tartu) there are four courthouses: in Tallinn, Tartu, Jõhvi and Pärnu. Three circuit courts are situated in Tallinn, Tartu and Jõhvi. The supreme court The Supreme Court is the court of the highest instance, which shall review decisions by way of cassation proceedings, that means the parties to the proceedings

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Inglise õiguskeel

Essential Vocabulary - I The role of law in society 1. juriidilised kohustused – legal obligations 2. kannatanud pool, kahjukannataja – injured party 3. vaidlusi lahendama (kohtus) – to settle a dispute in a court of law 4. riskeerima tehingute tegemisega – to risk making transactions 5. õigusnõustamist otsima – to seek legal advice 6. tagama, et leping kehtiks – to ensure that the contract would be valid 7. õiguslikke vahendeid kasutama – to use legal means 8. harjuma õiguslikke vahendeid kasutama – to get accustomed to using legal means 9. omama teadmisi millestki – to have knowledge of smth 10. ette kirjutama, ettekirjutus, ettekirjutav – to prescribe, prescription, prescriptional 11. karistust kandma – to serve punishment (ka to suffer a penalty) 12. vägivaldselt käituma (kellegi suhtes) – to act violently towards smb 13

Inglise keel

Public International Law is a system of law

Public International Law is a system of law, different from domestic law. Why is this system unique? Usually law regulates relations between people, people and the state etc, PIL regulates relations between states. Thats why PIL is important for international relation students. PIL influences the life of everybody, it doesn't regulate people directly but indirectly (through the decisions of the states), because it's everywhere. It's like air. E.g. when you want to send a letter to Brazil, you put a stamp from your own country and send it from your post office and the letter gets delivered. Why is this so easy, because there are certain international conventions that regulate postal services. E.g. traffic signs are almost the same everywhere, why? Because of certain int conventions that require the states to have more or less unified traffic signs. States apply international regulations to national regulations and they have to be in

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