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"civil" - 335 õppematerjali

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Why did Russian civil war breake out in 1918

Why did Russian civil war breake out in 1918? The Russian Civil War was to tear Russia apart for three years, between 1918 and 1921. The civil war occurred because after November 1917, many groups had formed that opposed Lenin's Bolsheviks. These groups included monarchists, militarists, and, for a short time, foreign nations. Collectively, they were known as the Whites while the Bolsheviks were known as the Reds. But why did it really breake out? There were three reasons why Civil War broke out in Russia in 1918.The first reason was that there was bound to be a challenge to the Bolsheviks, who had seized power by a surprise coup

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Ameerika kirjanduse, Realism ja naturalism

REALISM AND NATURALISM Lecture 6 Post Civil-War America • United States fully settled from the East Coast to West Coast • Profound changes: technological changes = US becomes modern industrial state • US became more confident in itself • Immigration – large population of immigrants no longer spread to west, become the labour force to the factories, also dramatic growth in cities • New tension in society, what it really means to be an American • Income disparities – big gap between people who are rich and people who are poor • Westward expansion – people can think about optimistic things happening when they think about the positive things happening in the country • United States as an urban nature: skyscrapers, full of people etc Intellectual and literary trends • Darwinism • Social Darwinism • ...

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Martin Luther King

Introduction Hello, my name is Valeria, Im studying public administration and today I will tell you about Martin Luther King, one of my favorite orators, who has a big and interesting biography. My presentation will take about 7 min, so let’s start. First of all, I will gonna tell you about his biography, about his early years, private life, how he lived and what education he had. After I would like to tell about his role in the advancement of civil rights and generally his career as a activist and orator. Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. Martin, Jr., was a middle child.At the age of 13 King was skeptical of many of Christianity's claims. However, he later concluded that the Bible has "many profound truths which one cannot escape" and decided to enter the seminary. King was very precocious student, he skipped both the ninth and the twelfth grades and entered Morehouse College

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Pay-for performance: necessary or unsuitable way to increase efficiency in the public sector

Caspar F. van den Berg ! ! ! ! ! ! Tallinn 2015 ! ! ! ! ! Pay-for performance: necessary or unsuitable way to increase efficiency in the public sector Through history civil service has meant and cited many different forms of serving a country. Raadschelders and Rutgers (1996) have brought out five phases in their article “Evolution of Civil Service systems” that describes how civil service has evolved and become one of the most important part of governing. In different times civil service has supported monarchs, kings, presidents and governments in their work reigning, ruling and leading people

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TEXT The Irish Problem

The Irish Problem ~the Irish can not be trusted~ In 1641, just prior to the Civil War, the Irish of Ulster had begun an uprising and attacked the planters who had been settled 30 years before. Between 10,000 and 15,000 Protestant planters were murdered by the Irish at places such as Portadown. Due to the war, the English did

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Sissejuhatus inglise õiguskeelde

(preferably ,,Full court"). Then the relevant problems and events. Let the details be. The next one is ­ what was the question that was asked from court. (Normally very concrete question). Then the decision of the court with my own words. (5 things all together!): 1. Name and nr of the case 2. The parties (there is a trick ­ queen v Smith might mean state v Smith (in UK) a not criminal case; people v Smith ­ it is a criminal case; Brown v Smith means that it's a civil case.) 3. Relevant problems and events (no details!) 4. What is the question asked from the court? (concrete) 5. The decision of the court (in my own words) (Read the Miranda rights / case, Microsoft case, they are landmarks.) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernesto_Miranda ; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._Microsoft ) When we retell, we concentrate on the terms, not on the examples etc. NB! Märkmeid võib teha ja TÕLGI KINDLASTI ETTE ÄRA JUBA!!!!!!!!!!!!

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Inglise õiguskeel

karistust määrama – to impose punishment 20. seaduse mittetundmine – ignorance of the law 21. kuritegu toime panema – to commit a crime 22. õigusemõistmise eest põgenema – to escape justice 23. käitumisreeglid – rules of conduct 24. käitumist kontrolli all hoidma – to govern the conduct 25. süüdistuse/karistuse ees seisma – to face punishment/prosecution 26. tsiviilhagi kellegi vastu algatama – to start civil action against smb 27. vigastuse/kahju eest kompensatsiooni nõudma - to claim compensation for injury/damage 28. hagi algatama kellegi vastu vägivallakuriteo tõttu – to start an action against smb for a crime of violence 29. leidma süüdi olevat (milleski) – to find guilty 30. trahvi maksma – to pay a fine 31. riigivastane süütegu – offence against the state 32

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Comparative law

judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals a common law system is based on legal precedents. The roots of the common law legal systems can be traced back to the first common law system created in England during the Middle Ages. Today, most countries that once had ties to England, including the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and Hong Kong, to name a few, operate under common law. Aside from Great Britain, the majority of the countries in Europe operate under a version of civil law modeled after the Roman legal system created centuries ago In a common law system, the law is created by precedents set after judges decide actual cases. When a judge hears a case that has a new issue in it, the judge makes a decision regarding the issue in the case. That decision then becomes a precedent that must be followed by other courts with equal standing within the legal system. The precedent remains law unless and until a higher court overturns the decision.

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Essential Vocabulary töö

18. süüd välistav asjaolu defence, preclusion of guilt 19. üldriiklikud seadused national laws 20. kohalikud seadused local laws, by-laws 21. asutuse põhikiri statute 22. ajutine ametist/spordist kõrvaldamine (n,v) suspension, suspend 23. väljaheitmine (n,v) expulsion, expel 24. kahjustatud isik injured person 25. tsiviilhagi kellegi vastu algatama start (a) civil action against 26. vigastuse/kahju eest kompensatsiooni nõudma claim damages for damage caused 27. süüdistuse/karistuse ees seisma face prosecution 28. kriminaalasja algatama vägivallakuriteo tõttu start criminal action against for a crime of violance 29. ühiskonnavastaseks käitumiseks pidama consider anti-social behaviour 30. oht ühiskonna heaolule ja korrale danger to the well-being and order of society 31

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prelim year 1

similar cases had to be solved in the same way (doctrine of precedent) This doctrine of precedent is still the central feature of common law – if a similar dispute has been resolved in the past, the court is bound to follow the reasoning and reach the same decision. Continental systems are also known as codified systems. The governments attempted to govern every legal aspect of a citizen’s life. In continental law system the sources of law are codes, for example civil code which is a collection of laws designed to deal with different areas of private law. The judges have to apply these laws when making a decision in court. One of the sources of law is precedent. It means that if a similar dispute has been resolved (solve a dispute) in the past, the court is bound to follow the reasoning and reach the same decision. Precedents are more used in common law countries. Custom can be also a source of law. Customs are non-written rules of social and moral behavior

Varia → Kategoriseerimata
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Sissejuhatus erialasesse õiguskeelde (inglise keel)

criminal code (kriminaalseadustik) - a document which complies all or significant amount of particulal crimnal law unbiased (erapooletu) - to be fair and likely not support particular party of the case consumer (tarbija) - an indicual who purchases services and merchandises binding agreement (siduv kokkulepe) - an agreement in writing between two or more individuals or entities in which a court can impose penalties in case one party does not fulfill the obligations tort (seadusevastane tegu) - a civil wrong, intentional or not, from which injury occurs to another reputation (reputatsioon) - person's good name, honor or what the community thinks of him/her property (vara) - something that is owned by a person (bussiness, land, building etc) to administer property (vara haldamine) - to manage some kind of property (bussiness, land, building, real estate) family law (perekonnaõigus) - an area of the law that deals with matrimonial matters and domestic relations (marriage, civil unions, child

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USA kodusõda

USA kodusõda Ameerika Ühendriikide kodusõda toimus 12.04.1861 – 09.04.1865. Kui Abraham Lincoln aastal 1860 oma orjusevastase kampaaniaga presidendiks sai, siis seitse ühendriiki, kus orjus oli lubatud, lõid Ameerikast lahti ja tegid oma liidu, ehk Ameerika Ühendriikide Konföderatsiooni. Sõda puhkes umbes kuu aega peale Lincolni ametisse astumist, järgmise kahe kuu jooksul liitus Konföderatsiooniga veel neli ühendriiki. Probleem oli selles, et need 11 orjust pooldavat ühendriiki omasid suuremat osa Ameerika territooriumist ning neile anti seadusandlik võim Konföderatsiooni Kongress. Samuti oli probleemiks ka Ühendriikide Õigused, ehk põhiseaduse kirjutamise ajast olid riigis lahkhelid selle kohta, et kui palju võimu saab omada kuningriik ja kas see peaks olema rohkem kui föderaalvalitsusel. Lõuna (Konföderatsiooni) elanikud tundsid, et valitsus piirab nende õiguseid. Esimene verevalamine toimus Ka...

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Kontrolltöö 7. klassile (ILE 5) Unit 17

" The man asks what time the next train for leeds is. 7 Liz asks me, "Who is your favourite writer?" Liz asks me who my favourite writer is. 4 Read the text about Martin Luther King. Fill in the gaps with the missing parts of the sentences. A learned about the life and work. E received threats to his life B made his famous speech F helped lead a well-known civil rights march C stepped out of his motel room G unedrstood the importance of religion D organised many peaceful protests H had to experience racial problems Free at Last Martin Luther king, Jr., grew up in a supportive and caring religious family in Atlanta, Georgia. As a black child, growing up in the South, he (1) H almost every day

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Tallinn University of Tehnology

Tallinn University of Tehnology Andro Andronov Talinn university of technology ● founded 1918 ● public university ● only university of technology in estonia ● biggest international community in Estonia ● modern facilities and labs facilities ● Campus area: 53 ha faculties and colleges 8 faculties: 5 Colleges: ● Civil engineering ● Kuressaare ● Chemical and Materials Technology ● Tartu ● Social Sciences ● Tallinn ● Information Technology ● Virumaa ● Mechanical Engineering ● Estonian Maritime Academy ● Power Engineering ● Faculty of Science ● Tallinn School of Economics and Business Administration what are the requirements to get in

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Crime and punishment

surmanuhtlus ­ the death penalty sõda kuritegevuse vastu ­ war on crime sõidukite vargus ­ vehicle theft süüalune - Prisoner in the dock süüdi tunnistama - Pleaded guilty süüdimõistetu - Offender süüdistaja - Councel for the prosecution süüdistama - Charged süüdistama kuriteos - Accused of a crime süüdlane - Guilty party süütu kuni süüdimõistmiseni - Innocent until proven guilty tavaõigus - Common law tingimisi vabastamine - Probation tsiviil/eraõigus - Civil law/private law tsiviiljuhtumid - Civil cases tsiviilõigus - Civil law tunnistaja - Witness tõend, tunnistus, tunnistaja, tõendusmaterjal ­ the evidence tõsiseid/tänavakuritegevusi sihi alla võtma ­ target serious crime / street crime tõsisemad õigusrikkumised - Grave offences tööõigus - Labour law uksehoidja - Usher uurimist läbi viima ­ carry out an investigation vabastama süüdistusest - Discharges the accused vabastama vandekohtust - Excused from jury service

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Charles I

KING CHARLES I (sinu nimi) Life The second son of King James VI and Annie of Denmark, Charles was born in Dunfermline palace, on 19. November 1600. Charles was a weak and sick child. Charles I liked to collect art He started English Civil War at 1642 He died on 30. January 1649 Family Mama and Papa: James I (19 June 1566 ­ 27 March 1625) Anne of Denmark (12 December 1574 ­ 2 March 1619) Family Children: Charles James (13 May 1629) Charles II (29 May 1630 ­ 6 February 1685) Mary of England (4 November 1631 ­ 24 December 1660) James II (14 October 1633 - 6 September 1701) Princess Elizabeth (28 December 1635 ­ 8 September 1650) Family Princess Anne (17 March 1637 - 5 November 1640)

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Wars involving the UK

· England France · Edward III · Joan of Arc · French victory English and Welsh longbow; the most Painting of Jeanne d'Arc at famous and efficient weapon during the war the Siege of Orléans The Wars of the Roses · 1455 ­ 1485 · Henry VI · Edward IV · Henry Tudor Red Rose of Lancaster The Tudor Rose of England White Rose of York The English Civil War · 1642 ­ 1651 · Parlamentarians and Royalists · 1st, 2nd and 3rd civil war · King Charles I · Commonwealth of England Crimean War · 1853 ­ 1856 · Imperial Russia ­ 2.204.000 soldiers · British and French forces ­ 660.000 soldiers · Crimean Peninsula · Allied victory Second World War · 1939 ­ 1945 · Sir Winston Churchill · Brittish assault North Africa and Italy · "D-day" · Casualties : over 50 million allies and 12

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Estonian Court System

Administrative Procedure. There are two administrative courts in Estonia with altogether 27 judges working in them. Tallinna Administrative Court has 18 judges who are divided between courthouses. In Tallinn courthouse there are 15 judges and in Pärnu 3 judges. Tartu Administrative Court has 9 judges who are divided between courthouses. In Tartu courthouse there are 6 judges and in Jõhvi courthouse 3 judges. Country courts County courts as courts of first instance hear all civil, criminal and misdemeanour matters. The decisions of county courts can be appealed to the circuit court. If a person wants to apply a statement or other documents to country court, then that person can take it to any country court courthouse. Judges An Estonian citizen who has fulfilled an accredited law curriculum of academic studies, has proficiency in the Estonian language at the advanced level, is of high moral character and has the abilities and personal

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Õigusalase inglise keele sõnad/väljendid eesti keelse tõlkega (units 12-18)

Units 12-18 1. system of pandects ­ pandektiline süsteem 2. general provisions ­ üldosa 3. law of property ­ asjaõigus 4. family law ­ perekonnaõigus 5. law of sucession ­ pärimisõigus 6. law of obligations ­ võlaõigus 7. General Part of the Civil Code Act ­ TsÜS 8. Law of Property Act ­ AÕS 9. Family Law Act ­ perekonnaseadus 10. Law of Succession Act ­ PäRS 11. Law of Obligations Act ­ VÕS 12. persons and transactions ­ isikud ja tehingud 13. natural persons 14. legal persons 15. passive legal capacity ­ õigusvõime 16. active legal capacity ­ (an ability to independently asume civil rights and incur civil obligations) ­ teovõime 17. live birth ­ elussünd 18. bequeath property ­ pärandama 19

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History of the USA.

On the 4th of July, 1776 the Declaration of Independence was written and that day is now celebrated as the Day of Independence. The war ended in 1788 and during the time following it, the Americans bought large pieces of land from foreign countries to themselves, creating a big country. By 1860 America was a big country but there was a big difference between the free North and the slavery South. The biggest problem was the issue of slaves and due to that the Civil War broke out in 1861. President Abraham Lincoln tried hard to unite the country again. Though both sides were strong, the North had more men, more factories and stronger leaders. In 1865 the South accepted the loss. Lincoln was shot in 1865 and the next president wasn't strong enough to unite the country, so problems weren't solved. At the beginning of the 19th century many settlers came to America, in search for a better life.

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Syria (Helimun)

United for a Free Syria, Syrian Expatriates Organization, the Syrian Emergency Task Force, Christian Syrians for Democracy and Association of free Syrians. 4. Judicial system and its functionality The Syrian legal system is based partly on French law and partly on Syrian statutes. Investigating magistrates determine whether a case should be sent to trial. Minor infringements are handled by peace courts, more serious cases go to courts of first instance. There are civil and criminal appeals courts, the highest being the Court of Cassation. Separate state security courts have jurisdiction over activities affecting the security of the government. In addition, Shari'ah courts apply Islamic law in cases involving personal status. The Druze and non- Muslim communities have their own religious courts. A Supreme Constitutional Court investigates and rules on petitions submitted by the president or one-fourth of the members of the

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Konspekt USA history

bands(chief. Travelled together) and tribes land was owned by the tribe that occupied it. 200 different tribes Apache- "enemy"- hunted buffalos, oil and natural gas from their land Cherokee- largest tribe Cheyenne- from Minnesota and S & N Dakota. High system of laws Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Signed in 1787 by Thomas Jefferson. The creation of the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory Ohio River was settled, 5 new states Advancement of education, maintenance of civil liberties, exclusion of slavery Promised not to invade or disturb Indians Northwest Indian War-> to stop white expropriation (sundkoormis) · Indian Removal Act of 1830 Destructive to tribes. Many died when travelled to the other side of Missisippi. Signed on May 28 by Andrew Jackson "Trade" land with the tribes Resolve the Georgia crisis (dispute with Cherokee) Move of over 70,000 natives (vabatahtlik-sunniviisiline) Reservations (kaitsealad)1851- the Indian Appropriations Act

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English Literature: 14th to 18th Century

blank verse); Ben Jonson (comedies; theory of humors, caricature and satire); Edmund Spenser's "Faerie Queen" (longest, most famous poem; Spenserian stanza) Late Renaissance (until 17th century) humanism ­ a set of ethics about how people should live/act Prose: influence of reformation on liturgical material; King James Bible (translation) Poetry: metaphysical poetry (unusual metaphors, simple verse forms, witty parallels between things) History: Union of Crowns (1603); English Civil War (1642­1651) Oliver Cromwell (d 1659); Restoration Age (1660­1700); The Glorious Revolution (1688) Restor. literature: contrasting puritanism of Cromwell's time; a shift in morality (brings free attitudes); continental influences (Dutch and French); new forms: fiction and journalism Restor. theatre: comedy of manners, plays are socially mixed, women allowed to perform; heroic drama example: "The Country Wife" by William Wycherley Restor

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Hitler- early years

Klara Hitler was very young when she married the older Alois. She showered young Adolf with love and affection. Adolf carried a picture of his mom until the day he died. She died of breast cancer when Adolf was 18 years old. Education • Attended a Benedictine monastery school where he took part in the choir. • When it was time to choose a secondary school, Adolf wanted to become an artist. • His father wanted him to become a civil servant, but after his father died, he dropped out of high school and attempted to get into the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts - he failed. • The following slides are examples of Adolf’s artwork. signature signature Years in Vienna • After his mother died, Adolf (now 18) decided to move to Austria to pursue his dream of becoming a great artist. • Again he failed to gain entrance into the Academy • He eventually sold all his possessions and became a

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ABRAHAM LINCOLN

ABRAHAM LINCOLN Janeli Uuesoo 12 B Personal life  Born 12 February 1809, Kentucky  Poor farmers  Tall, Thin, Black hair, dark skin  Cutting wood, ploughing, growing wood  1842 married Mary Todd  4 sons, 1 survived Politics  Successful lawyer  November 6 1860 – 16th president of the US  Time of crisis • Slavery • 1861 the American Civil War  January 1 1863 – abolition of slavery Assasination  April 14 1865 – Death of Lincoln  Ford’s Theatre  John Wilkes Booth  Abraham Lincoln was shot, died several hours later Legacy   Preserved the US as one nation  Ended slavery in The US  Example of strong character, leadership, and honesty  Quotes Lincoln Memorial THANK YOU!

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Barack Obama

States Early life Obama was borned on August 4, 1961 and he´s the first president who´s borned in Honolulu, Hawaii. He had problems with alcohol, marijuana and cocaine. Schools He has studied in Columbia University in New York. He studied political science there. He also got a doctorate in law, as he was in Harvard. Career Before becomin a politic he worked as a civil rights lawyer. Also in Chicago University, he read lectures on constitutional law. President He was selected as a president in 4th November in 2008. He´s the first mulatto president in the United States. Life In 1991 he married with Michelle Robinson, they have two children Malia and Sasha. He was also selected by Time, Person of the year.

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Puzzle võõrad sõnad lk 106-110

Words 110-106 1. Approve (verb) ­ heaks kiitma 2. Accuse (verb) ­ süüdistama 3. Wrongful (adjective) ­ ülekohtune 4. Innocent (adjective) ­ süütu 5. Get involved (verb) ­ kaasa minema 6. Misbehave (verb) ­ halvasti käituma 7. Civil rights (noun) ­ tsiviilõigused 8. Humiliating ­ alandav 9. Infuriating ­ vihale ajav 10. Emphasized ­ rõhutatud 11. Auxiliary (adjective) ­aitav 12. Swearword (noun)- needus 13. Columnist (noun) ­ publitsist 14. Publisher (noun) ­ kirjastaja 15. Business manager (noun) ­ ärijuht 16. Office manager (noun) ­ büroojuhataja 17. Persuade (verb) ­ keelitama 18. Express (verb) ­ avaldama 19. Group (verb) ­ rühmitama 20. Censorship (noun) ­ tsensuur 21

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Kokkuvõte Inglismaa ajaloost

A. In politics it was unstable because : o the link between religion and politics became intense-protestantism, especially Puritanism, had grown in englang and puritans regarded the luxorious lifestyle of the king as immoral o people were angry at the way Stuart monarchs raised money without getting the agreement of the house of commons o conflicts between the king and the parliament, which led to the civil war(1642) and the execution of Charles I(1649) o during the period after the civil war Britain became a republic and Oliver Cromwell established his military government. Theatres and other forms of amusement were banned because of his puritan ethics 1660 monarchy restored, Charles II asked to reign B. The Great Plague in 1665 C. The Great Fire of London in 1666

Ajalugu → British history (suurbritannia...
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Max Weber

Teda ennast ei kuulda avalikult kõnelemas; ta sisendab kõnemeestele, mida nood otstarbekal viisil ütlema peavad, ise aga vaikib. Reeglina ei võta ta vastu ühtegi ametit, välja arvatud föderaalse senaatori oma. Bossil puuduvad igasugused kindlad poliitilised “tõekspidamised”; ta on täiesti põhimõttelage, küsides ainult: mis toob hääli? Bossi ei häiri see, et tema kui professional, kui elukutseline poliitik, on ühiskondlikult põlatud. 7. Mida andis nn Civil Service Reform - miks see vajalik oli? Civil Service Reform - Avaliku teenistuse reform. - tähendab liikumist avaliku teenistuse meetodite parandamiseks ametisse ( midagi sellist). Rida konkreetseid ja praktilisi tegevusi, mis toob reaalseid muutusi avalikku teenistusse. Weberi tekstist - Diletantide valitsemisest enam ei piisa ning Civil Service Reform loob üha suureneval hulgal eluaegseid, pensioni võimaldavaid ametikohti, mille tulemusel saavad ametitesse ülikooliharidusega

Politoloogia → Politoloogia
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The 17th century in England

The 17th century In England 17th century was a time of political and religious turmoil. It is known as a struggle between Parliament and the throne. 1625 came to rule Charles I, who was proved to be politically stubborn. In 1642 civil war broke out between the Cavaliers and the Roundheads. Oliver Cromwell was a puritan who brought the Roundheads to the victory and temporarily ended the monarchy in 1649. Charles I was beheaded. Oliver Cromwell ruled England for 9 violent years. The return of the oldest son of Charles I in 1660 is called the Restoration. In 1660 the Royal Society of London was established to promote scientific research. In 1688 the Glorious Revolution was without bloodshed or violence

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kosmosecool

INDREK TARAND Ander Rosin Sandra Anderson Biography ● Born February 3, 1964, Tallinn. ● Estonian politician, reserve officer, civil servant, journalist and historian. ● Tarand has served as an advisor to the Prime Minister of Estonia. Education ● He studied history at the University of Tartu, as well as the University of Bologna, Italy. ● He was a student during the Soviet occupation. ● He finished the university in 1991. Career ● He is also a freelance journalist hosting programmes in radio and television

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Fridrick douglass

of the American feminist movement, and was a signatory of its Declaration of Sentiments. Douglass later became the publisher of a series of newspapers: North Star, Frederick Douglass Weekly, Frederick Douglass' Paper, Douglass' Monthly and New National Era. The motto of The North Star was "Right is of no sex--Truth is of no color--God is the Father of us all, and we are all Brethren". Douglass' work spanned the years prior to and during the Civil War. He was acquainted with the radical abolitionist Captain John Brown but did not approve of Brown's plan to start an armed slave revolt. However, Brown visited Douglass' home for several days shortly before the Harpers Ferry incident, in which Brown attacked the federal Arsenal there. After the incident, Douglass fled for a time to Canada, fearing he might be arrested 4 as a co-conspirator

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Õiguse ajalugu (common law)

kaitsjatena protsessi pidades, kohtunikena õigust mõistes, kuninga nõunikena maad juhtides või parlamendisaadikutega võideldes. Riigiõiguslik pinnas, millelt võrsus nende common law, oli kuningakohus, curia regis, kings council. Sellele oli pandud alus Clarrendoni assiisidega (1166) kuningas Henry II (1133- 1189) valitsemisajal. 7 7 Euroopa õiguse ajalugu (2004), Hans Hattenhauer, II raamat: Lüübeki õigusest kuni Code Civil de France' ni. Lk 256 Kuningakohtust kasvasid välja muud kohtud, lõid sellest lahku, neid täiendati põhimõtetega ja ikkagi valitsesid neis kõigis samad juristid ning sama õigustehnika. Kuningavõimul läks korda muuta oma kohtupidamine kogu maal kohustuslikuks ja laiendada oma teegevusala kõrgemale kohtuinstantsidena kohalike kohtute suhtes. Sellel õnnestumisel on mitmeid põhjusi: kuningakohtunike (judges itineram) liikuvus, juba 13. Sajandil ragatud kõrgema

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The History of USA

12.A Colonial period Spanish explorers Dutch, English, French, Swedish, Russian and Portuguese Slavery Convicts Native Americans Conflicts between the colonies British colonization Began in 1607 in Jamestown Three types of colonies Independence in mid-20s Eight overseas territories Formation of the United States of America Rebellion General George Washington 4th of July 1776 United States Bill of Rights Slavery Civil War (1861­1865) Beginning of the 20th century "Gilded age" First nationwide depressions Strongest economy Progressive era World War I Roaring Twenties Spanish flu Eighteenth Amendment KKK Jazz Age Mid 20th century The Great Depression (1929-39) New Deal (1933­36) World War II Cold War (1945-1991) 21st century World superpower Middle East 9/11 The War on Terror Used material http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_United http://www.fas

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Schotland

in a "light" Scots dialect which is more accessible to a wider audience.Sport is an important element in Scottish culture, with the country hosting many of its own national sporting competitions, and enjoying independent representation at many international sporting events such as the FIFA World Cup, the Cricket World Cup and the Commonwealth Games (although not the Olympic Games). Law Scotland retains Scots Law, its own unique legal system, based on Roman law, which combines features of both civil law and common law. The terms of union with England specified the retention of separate systems. The barristers being called advocates, and the judges of the high court for civil cases are also the judges for the high court for criminal cases. Scots Law differs from England's common law system. National symbols The Flag of Scotland, known as the Saltire or St. Andrew's Cross, dates (at least in legend) from the 9th century, and is thus the oldest national flag still in use

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Mariken

Sellise ühiskonna üks osa on riigist ja ärielust suhteliselt sõltumatu ühiskonnasfäär, sh. mittetulundussektor (vt. esimest definitsiooni). 3) Eesti kodanikuühiskonna arengu kontseptsiooni (EKAK) definitsiooni järgi mõistetakse kodanikuühiskonna all "inimeste omaalgatuslikku koostööd oma huvide järgimiseks ning avalike asjade arutamises ja otsustamises osalemiseks, samuti seda koostööd võimaldavaid ühendusi, võrgustikke ja institutsioone". Ingliskeelse termini civil society (vahel ka civic society) sõnasõnaline vaste; tõlkena on vahel kasutusel ka tsiviilühiskond.

Ühiskond → Ühiskonnaõpetus
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The london eye

Most popular paid for UK visitor attraction It provides a 30-minute, slow-moving 'flight' over London. Capsules The wheel carries 32 sealed and air- conditioned passenger capsules The wheel does not usually stop to take on passengers Commercial A standard adult ticket costs £25.00 Children under 5 free Luxury packages like 'champagne capsule' £299 The London Eye also caters to weddings and civil partnership ceremonies, starting at £1700 Interesting information It took 1,700 tons of steel to build this attraction Each of the 32 capsules holds approximately 25 people. The London Eye is often seen in many films and television shows The Singapore Flyer, at 15 metres taller than the London Eye, is due to open in early 2008 Pictures Thank you for listening!

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Cover letter

Kuuse 1 ­ 1, 12951 Narva, Estonia 16th September 2012 Barford Road Little Barford, St Neots Cambridgeshire PE19 6WB Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing apply for an internship in civil engineering at your company next summer. I read about this opportunity on your company`s website last week. Allthough I am currently a third year student at the University of Applied Sciences in Tallinn. My summer jobs have helped me to develop my teamworking abilities and organisational skills as well as to improve my knowledge in building technology. So i have good training and education in construction and believe that this has developed many of the skills that your

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George Orwell - Road to Wigan Pier

,,The Road to Wigan Pier" George Orwell AUTHOR George Orwell was the pen name of the English author, Eric Arthur Blair. He was born on June 25 in 1903 in Motihari, Bengal, in the then British colony of India, where his father, Richard, worked for the Opium Department of the Civil Service. His mother, Ida, brought him to England at the age of one. Orwell was educated in England at Eton College. After service with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma from 1922 to 1928, he returned to Europe to become a writer. He lived in Paris for the next two years, and then came to England as a school-teacher. He lived for several years in poverty. By 1936, Orwell had joined the Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War. He was wounded in the fighting

Kirjandus → Inglise kirjandus
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Modern America Wonders

although the Seikan Tunnel in Japan is both longer overall at 53.85 kilometres and deeper at 240 metres below sea level. The tunnel carries high-speed Eurostar passenger trains, Eurotunne Shuttle roll-on/roll-off vehicle transport--the largest in the world--and international rail freight trains. The tunnel connects end-to-end with the LGV Nord and High Speed 1 high-speed railway lines. In 1996 the American Society of Civil Engineers identified the tunnel as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. Itaipu Dam Date started:January 1970 Date finished:May 5, 1984 Location:Paraná River, between Brazil and Paraguay The Itaipu Dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Paraná River located on the border between Brazil and Paraguay. The name "Itaipu" was taken from an isle that existed near the construction site. In the Guarani language, Itaipu means "the sound of a stone"

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London History

Breach with the papacy Act of Supremacy ­ made The formation of the Anglican the crown the spiritual church head of the nation The Elizabethan period (1558- Fourfold growth in London 1603)- A golden age population Timber buildings Stuart dynasty The Civil War Oliver Cromwell Execution of Charles I - 1649 Puritan Republic (1653-60) Charles II took the throne ­1660 The Great Plague and the Great Fire (1665-1666) Sir Christopher Wren ­ St.

Keeled → Inglise keel
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Christmas and Easter

Dear Tom, It was nice to hear from you and you asked me to write about religious holidays that are celebrated in my country. I will talk about Easter and Christmas celebrations. Easter is a moveable feast, meaning it is not fixed in relation to the civil calendar. The date of Easter therefore varies between March 22 and April 25. Originally only Christians celebrated Easter. According to Christians, Jesus was resurrected from the dead that day. Newer elements such as the Easter Bunny and Easter egg have become part of the holiday's modern celebrations, and those aspects are often celebrated by many Christians and non-Christians alike. There are also some Christian denominations who do not celebrate Easter. Other religious holiday is Christmas

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Sagrada Familia church

 Financed from donations and ticket money. History  The builing of the chursh started in 19 March 1882, from a project of architect Francisco de Paula del Villar.  In 1883 Antoni Gaudi took over the work.  After his death in 1926 diffrent archidects have continued his work. Antoni Gaudi`s design  Changed the design drastically.  Modernist style.  Most of his designs and models where destroyed in 1936 during the civil war.  He worked on this project until his death.  Only one facade, one tower, the apse and the crypt were finished. The church today  Gaudis original ideas.  95m long and 60m wide.  The church will be able to accommodate thirteen thousand people.  Eight towers of eighteenth are compleated.  Sculptor Josep Maria Subirachs. Towers  Four towers on each of the three facades represent the twelve apostles.  The towers reach a height of

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Rights and liberties

In Estonia laws are declared by the President of Estonia in Riigi Teataja. When we speak about rights then for exapmle in Estonia we all have rights to love, nobody can take it from us. We all have rights to free self-realisation and self-expression. We can choose our area of activity, profession and position of employment. When we talk about education then I can say, we all have right to learn in school and to become smart and educated people. When we speak about liberties then example civil liberties are voted in European Parliament election when you are eightteen and over, you can belong to unions, then you can apply for legislative council. Also, when you are fourty and over you can run for government president. In Estonia there are a balanced code of laws. They all rely on European Union. I like to live in Estonia because my country is fighting for our rights and liberties. I am proud that we can say that we are independent and we are highly educated country

Keeled → Erialane inglise keel
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Scotland

relationship quickly broke down. War ensued and King John was deposed by his overlord, who took personal control of Scotland. Andrew Moray and William Wallace initially emerged as the principal leaders of the resistance to English rule in what became known as the Wars of Scottish Independence. The nature of the struggle changed dramatically when Robert de Brus, Earl of Carrick, became king (as Robert I). War with England continued for several decades, and a civil war between the Bruce dynasty and their long-term Comyn-Balliol rivals, the flashpoint of which could be traced to the slaying in a Dumfries church of John 'the Red' Comyn of Badenoch by Bruce and his supporters, lasted until the middle of the 14th century. Although the Bruce dynasty was successful, David II's lack of an heir allowed his nephew Robert II to come to the throne and establish the Stewart Dynasty. The Stewarts ruled Scotland for the remainder of the Middle Ages

Kategooriata → Uurimistöö
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Summary of philosophy of right (õiguse filosoofia kokkuvõte)

Laws are historical conventions, people can be forsed to be free. State of nature Hobes: state of nature is a state of conflict, a state of war. Locke: state of nature is peaceful, all men are equal. They treat others as themselves. Rousseau - people in the state of nature were neither good or bad. Man was like an animal not posessing any needs besides the primary ones. The bad habits of men are byproducts of ingaging in a civil society. All men are equal Sovereign Hobbes: can not be overthrown and can do whatever the fuck it wants. The best one is monarch. Locke: can be overthrown, if fails to do the job. Criticises monarch for haveing hereditary power. Prefers election for a term. Democracy? Rousseau: aristocracy, if not hereditary. (monarchy represents particular will) Authority in the social contract Hobbes: the sovereign Locke: The law over the sovereign

Filosoofia → Filosoofia
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"Õigus" teemalised Inglise keelsed õigusterminid

reconsideration of the decision of the original court o Appeal to the higher court to reconsideration 1. Country, administer, 2. Circuit court (ringkonna kohus), 3. Supreme court (riigikohus) THERE IS NO COURT ABOVE IT – THE HIGHEST European court of justice – deals with the matters, where it is about the EU law Classifying courts according to their functions  The courts of civil jurisdiction o Civil actions take place between two or more individuals in dispute, it is a responsibility of the civil court to adjudicate, to give judgement FAIRLY o Provide remedy for the wronged party o To solve the disputes between individuals or companies o Only single judge NO JURY o Possibility to appeal o Both parties have to prepare for the case o Penalty – usually the wronged party needs to pay damages

Keeled → Akadeemiline inglise keel
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Delaware presentatsioon

Delaware Pirjo Mononen IVÕ Geography  Bordered by Maryland, Pennsylvania and New Jersey  Second smallest state (5,161 sq km)  Three counties – New Castle, Kent and Sussex  Biggest city – Wilmington  Capital – Dover History  Discovered in 1609 by Henry Hudson  First permanent colony: New Sweden 1638  First of the 13 original states to ratify the Constitution - December 7, 1787  During the Civil War, Delaware was one of five border states – a slave state but remained in the Union  Chemical industry Facts  The abbreviation for Delaware is DE  Named after Thomas West, Baron De La Warr  Nicknames - Diamond State, First State  Motto - liberty and independence Symbols  State flower – peach blossom  State tree – American holly  State bird – blue hen chicken  Flag American Indians in Delaware  Two tribes – The Lenni Lenape tribe and

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Sierra Leone

country(green), justice(white) and Freetown's harbor(blue). Languages & religion l Official language is English l National language is Krio which is understood by 95% and spoken by 10% of the population l 60% of the population are followers of Islam, 30% Christianity and only 10% African indigenous religion. Education Six years at primary level and three years in junior secondary educatio. 2/3 of the adults are illiterate Sierra Leone Civil War resulted in the destruction of 1,270 primary schools Two universities: Fourah Bay College and Njala University l Who is the president of Sierra Leone? l What is the population? l When joined with Commonwelth? l Where is Sierra Leone located? l What is the capital? l What does the Coat of arms symbolise? l What are the colours of the flag? l What is the national language? l How many of the population can speak national language? l How much of the adults are illiterate?

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Kontrolltöö 7. klassile (ILE 5) Unit 19

Now the Tasmanian tiger, which hunted them, is dead; and thanks to protection from the government and farmers their number has risen. Tasmanian devils are (8) F as they feed on roads. They also die of differend diseases and they young are attacked by adult devils. Always an excellent student, he continued his sutides at Boston University and got a PhD in Philosophy in 1955. In the 50s and 60s he continued his work as one of the leaders of the civil rights movement in the USA. He (4) F and was against violence even when he and his family were atacced because of the work he was doing. On 28 August 1963 King (5) D that brought more that a quarter of a million people to the capital The march ended in front of the Lincoln Memorial and Marthin Luther King (6) B "I have a Dream". In his speech king told about the dream that he had for his and all children.

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Sellel veebilehel kasutatakse küpsiseid. Kasutamist jätkates nõustute küpsiste ja veebilehe üldtingimustega Nõustun