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The renaissance period in England. Art and literature, development of drama. Dynasties, kings and queens. (0)

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The Renaissance
In
the history the Middle Ages were followed by the Renassance period . During this period a new class called bourgeoeisie came into being.
This is the period when monarchies based on nationality were
estabilished. The Renaessance started in Italy In the 14th century . Then it spread all over Europe , reached England in 16th century. The struggle for power culminated in a war called The War of Roses . It was a civil war between two dynasties, families. They had different emblems on one side the Yorks (white rose ) other Lancasters
(red). They couldn’t decide who gets the throne. War ended 1485. A
new dynasty came to throne, Tudor , the first king in this dynasty was Henry Vll. When he came to throne a period of stability followed
because he built a nation based state. He was good at diplomacy.He could avoid quarrels and wars with neigbouring countries. France , Spain - greatest enemies.So he could save much money and thus laid a
good economic basis for his state. Besides that he built a merchant fleet (kaubalaevastik) England begun to dominate in international
trade. Unfortunately the king got old and died.
Next
king was Henry Vlll, second son of the family, wasn’t prepared to
become a king. Had to take the role as his elder brother died. Was
prepared to come a clergyman – got good education: languages ,
music, literature . Brother jumped off horse into a river , died in
bed. Elder brother was already married . Henry Vlll married with his brothers widow . Catherine of Aragon, she came from Spain, she was
arden(innukas) Catholic . At first they had good relations. Soon there were big problems. Had daughter Mary , couldn’t get a son. Needed a
new king. Henry decided to get a divorce . Henry wrote a long letter to Pope for a divorce. Pope said no. Then Henry decleared himself the
head of English church to get divorce. Catherine was sent to live in countryside and brought up Mary, who was also a Catholic.
Next wife was Anne Bolyn, daughter of a knight. They had daughter called
Elizabeth l. Time went by and Henry had to get rid of Anne, she was sent to

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The renaissance period in England. Art and literature, development of drama. Dynasties, kings and queens. Overview given in paragraphs describing all topics separately.

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English literature

· avon ­ river · cumb ­ valley · ford ­ shallow place in the river Ancient Britons had their own religion and priests or druids and temples. In the year 55 BC Britain became a Roman province. Romans were highly developed and had their own language ­ latin, which has also greatly influenced English. The military occupation of the Isles ended in 410 AD. The Romans eventually brought Christianity to Britain. Hadrian's wall on the border of Scotland and England. It began construction in 122 AD. An Anglo-Saxon attack on Rome forced the Romans to leave The British Isles. They were replaced by Germanic tribes ­ Angles, Jutes and Saxons, who drove the Celts to the north (Scotland) and west (Wales). They came from the North and Baltic Seas. Along with them came their dialects, which constitute the basis for Old English. Around 4500 words are still used today. They also had their own religion and Germanic gods

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Inglise keelt kõnelevate maade ajaloo eksamiküsimused

History exam *Stonehenge - is a monument located in England. It is one of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world and is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones. The surrounding circular, earth bank and ditch, have been dated to about 3100 BC. Stonehenge was produced by a culture with no written language. Many aspects of Stonehenge remain subject to debate. There is little or no direct evidence for the construction techniques used by the Stonehenge builders.

Inglise keel kõnelevate maade ajalugu
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Britain history.

law, Roman baths, language and advanced civilization. They also built Hadrian's Wall in 122 A.D. Romans occupied Britain for four centuries. The Roman way of life all vanished after the invasions from Northern Europe by the Angles, Saxons and Jutes from the 5th century onwards. They ruined Londinium, but they were easily turned into Christianity and religion became more and more important. The Vikings, who came in the 9th century, first raided England to plunder it, but then they decided to stay. In the 10th century England fell under Danish Rule, with King Canute finally managing to unite the Anglo-Saxons and Danes at the beginning of 11th century. Medieval England After defeating the Anglo-Saxon King Harold at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William of Normandy (who became William I, also called William the Conqueror) introduced the Norman feudal system, rewarding his French-speaking followers with land in return for

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Inglise keelt kõnelevate maade ajalugu lühikonspekt

Circular structure, large standing stones, aligned with rising sun at teh solstice Attlers and bones were sued to dig pits that hold the stones The Celts in Britain and their legacy 700-200 BC celts invade Britain Gaels or Goehls(Ireland and Scotland),Cymri(Wales) and Brythons(gave name to Brittany) Fierce fighters,superb horsemen.Most of them farmers, lived in thatched houses Good at art, craftmanship, used iron Divided into tribes, ruled by kings, only in face of danger would they choose a single leader Legacy- hill-forts, farms, churches, field system, woodland, pasture, weapons, iron objects, langugae, culture Caesar in Britain The great Roman Emperor Firts came 55 BC to gather information, celts were doing agriculturally well,so romans wanted to get some food too In 54BC Caesar defeated Cassivelaunus Actual reasons why he made expeditions are unknown or wheteher he wanted to intend

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The Middle Ages

Years 1154-1485 Henry I was the first unquestioned ruler. One of the most important kings in the Middle Ages. He had lands in Britain & France. Then the government was the monarch, a person, not a place. He had more land than any pervious king. After his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine, he also ruled the lands south of Anjou. His empire stretched from the Scottish border to the Pyrenees. England provided most of its wealth, but the heart was Anjou. Henry II began to regain royal control. During the war some barons had become very powerful. He pulled down some of their castles. He tried to restore law & order. He wanted the same kind of justice to be used everywhere. He appointed his own judges to travel around the country. They dealt with crimes & disagreements over poverty. Serious offences were tried in the king's court. At first they had no special knowledge or training

British history (suurbritannia ajalugu)
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Nali: The World According to Student Bloopers

Jacob, son of Issac, stole his brother's birthmark. Jacob was a partiarch who brought up his twelve sons to be partiarchs, but they did not take to it. One of Jacob's sons, Joseph, gave refuse to the Israelites. Pharaoh forced the Hebrew slaves to make bread without straw. Moses led them to the Red Sea, where they made unleavened bread, which is bread made without any ingredients. Afterwards, Moses went up on Mount Cyanide to get the ten commandments. David was a Hebrew king skilled at playing the liar. He fougth with the Philatelists, a race of people who lived in Biblical times. Solomon, one of David's sons, had 500 wives and 500 porcupines. Without the Greeks, we wouldn't have history. The Greeks invented three kinds of columns - Corinthian, Doric and Ironic. They also had myths. A myth is a female moth. One myth says that the mother of Achilles dipped him in the River Stynx until he became intolerable. Achilles appears in "The Illiad", by Homer. Homer also

Informaatika
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The Renaissance

The Renaissance Between 14th and 16th century in Europe From French word rebirth It was an age of growth in Europe. New, powerful city states emerged. A new middle class had more and more money to spend. Great artists, writers and thinkers lived during this time. During the Middle Ages many people who lived in the countryside worked on the land that they got from the noblemen. In return, they were protected by them Between the middle and the end of the 14th century, the plague, also called "Black Death" killed almost half of Europe's population. It spread most rapidly in the larger cities where many people lived. This led to economic depression. When the plague slowly decreased in the 15th century, the population in Europe began to grow. A new middle class emerged --bankers, merchants and trades people had a new

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Inglismaa ajalugu 16-20. sajand

His fifth wife was young and beautiful but had many lovers and Henry didnt like it so she was sent to the Tower and was beheaded. HIs 6th wife survived. 3. Edward- was sickly and ruled only for a few years and then he died 4. Mary Tudor/Bloody Mary- was catholic and killed many protesntants. Ruled only for a few years and then died 5. Elizabeth I - very clever and educated,she was fluent in several languages. She wanted to unite England and make it a very important force in Europe. She never married and was called the "Virgin Queen". It was a very peaceful time, she loved theatre and plays. People had good lives and were entertained. Mary (catholic), The queen of Scots, was executed by Elizabeth I. Elizabeth had no heir. The power of the English monarch increased in this period. Bubonic plaguse killed one third of the population in England during its first

British history (suurbritannia ajalugu)




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