FUTURE SIMPLE Will + infinitive (will go) BE GOING TO Am/is/are going to + infinitive (is going to rain) 1.A decision at the moment of speaking:
A: 'I'm cold'.
B: 'I'll close
'. 2. Prediction based on opinion:
I think the Conservatives will win
the next election. 3.A future fact :
He will be
ten next year
. 4.Promises / requests / refusal / willingness:
you with your homework
me a hand? 5.In the same way as the future continuous , but with state verbs :
at the station
when you arrive
. ' Shall '
is used mainly in the forms
'shall I ?' and 'shall we?' in British English
forms are used when you want to get someone
's opinion, especially for offers
•Shall I open
the window? (=do you want me to open the window).
•Where shall we go tonight
? (=what's your opinion?). 1.Future plans made before the moment of speaking:
A: 'We've run out of milk
B: 'I know, I'm going to buy
some.' 2.Prediction based on present evidence :
Look at those boys playing
football! They're going to break
the window.PRESENT CONTINUOUS AM/IS/ARE + ING (AM WORKING ) PRESENT SIMPLE INFINITIVE ( WORK ; WORKS )
about things that we have already
arranged to do in the future.
•I've got my ticket
. I'm leaving
Julie at 5 and then I'm having dinner
me up at the airport
•The company is giving
everyone a bonus for Christmas
In many situations when we talk about future plans we can use either the present continuous or the 'going to' future. However
, when we use the present continuous, there
is more of a suggestion
that an arrangement has already been made.
•I'm going to see him./I'm seeing him.
•I'm going to do it./I'm doing it.
We talk about events
in the future which are 'timetabled'.
•My plane leaves
at 6 in the morning