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Scotland (0)

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Scotland
General overview
Territory: 31, 510 sq miles
Population: 5, 055, 000
Capital: Edinburgh
Islands: About 790
Lakes : the best - known is Loch Ness, famous for Nessie, its mythical monster
Highest peak : Ben Nevis 1343m
National emblem: the thistle
National flower : the bluebell
National instrument: bagpipes
National dish: haggis
Scotland is also famous for: whisky , kilts and sheep
  • One of the four constituent nations which form the UK
  • They have their own money , system of law, history, stamps, deep - rooted customs, traditions and ancient language - Gaelic
  • Most people speak the Scottish dialect – becoming endangered language
  • Weather – unpredictable
  • Breathtaking scenery
    Scottish Industries
  • Traditional - coal mining, steel production, shipbuilding
  • Todayoffshore oli and gas, finacial services, high technology , fishing , forestry, whisky, tourism, computer production,
    History
  • Completely different from other countries
  • Resistance to foreign domination
  • The Celtic influence began in the 6th c., - Gaelic language
  • In 1296 William Wallace , started a war of independence
  • Sacred Scottish Stone of Destiny was taken from Scone
  • In 1314 Robert the Bruce defeated the English at Bannockburn
  • In 1503 James IV of Scotland hoped to gain independence for Scotland but wasn’t successful
  • Mary Queen of Scots claimed the English throne of Elizabeth I
  • She wanted to see the end of Protestantism but lost her Scottish throne
  • She was executed for treason in 1587
  • In the 16th c. many Scots joined the Presbyterian church
  • James VI was the King of both countries, the crowns were united
  • In 1745, Bonnie Prince Charlie tried to seize the throne
  • The end of dreams of freedom for Scots
  • Major changes in the late 18th and 19th c.
  • Highland Clearances – farmers were deprived of their land, filled with sheep instead
  • Fast development of coal mining, steel production and shipbuilding
  • Bridges, railways, canals
  • In 1950 the Nationalists stole the Stone of Scone from Westminster Abbey and took it back to Scotland
  • Important part of British Coronation since 13th c.
  • In 1979 the British Government decided to allow Scotland to establish a separate assembly
  • Surprisingly they didn’t got the support of 40% of people in a referendum that was needed
  • In 1999 Scotland voted for its own separate parliament
  • The first Parliament in almost 300 years
  • It is unicameral and has 129 members - largest parties are the Labour Party , the Scottish National Party and the Conservative Party
  • The Secretary of State for Scotland represents Scottish interests in London ( Desmond Henry Brown – Labour Party)
    The Scots
  • they are said to “ dance only to their own music”
  • Scots have given the world golf, tartan, bagpipes, the gas lantern, the bike , the telephone , the TV, penicillin
  • They are very hospitable
  • Fond of football and pubs
    Clan system
  • In the 12th c. Highland society was divided into tribal groups led by autocratic chiefs
  • All clans had their motto and their own territory
    The Kilt
  • Each family or clan had its tartan that was used to make the kilt
  • After the Battle of Culloden wearing of tartan was prohibited for nearly 100 years
  • The kilt is made from about 7m of material
  • Most popular types are the Black Watch tartan and the Royal Stuart Kilts
  • You can take the Scot out of Scotland but never Scotland out of Scot
    Scottish food and drink
    Haggis
    Scotch whisky
    Castles in Scotland
    Scone Palace
  • Ancient crowning venue of Scottish kings and queens
  • At Scone, sitting on a stone the king archived a mystical union with the past and with the earth.
  • All British monarch have been crowned on the Stone of Scone
    Blair Castle
  • One of the most visited attraction
  • The Duke of Atholl has welcomed visitors for over 700 years
  • 32 fully furnished rooms from 16th c. to the present day
  • owner of the castle is allowed to have a private army (by Queen Victoria in 1844)
    Linlithgow Palace
  • Mary Stuart, who became queen when she was six days old was born there
  • Palace tells the story of all those James and Stuarts lives
    Ballindalloch
  • Magnificent 16th c. castle
  • Since 1546 it has been continuously occupied by the McPherson - Grants family
  • It is home of the Aberdeen Angus breed of cattle
    Carbisdale Castle
  • Today is a youth hostel
    Balmoral Castle
  • A royal residence in Scotland since Prince Albert bought it in 1853
  • Is the Queen’s favourite retreat for her late- summer vacation
  • Alatskivi Castle has been modeled on Balmoral Castle
    Glamis Castle
  • a royal residence since 1372
  • childhood home of the late Queen Mother
  • The legendary setting of Shakespeare ’s play Macbeth
    The Scottish Cultural Scene
    Hogmanay – New Year ’s Eve celebration
  • Biggest party in Europe
  • Much more important than Christmas
    Burns Night25th of January
  • Birthday of Robert Burns, national poet
  • Party includes eating Burns´ Supper , folk dancing, Scottish music
  • Ends with the singing of Auld Lang Syne
    The Edinburgh International Festival - Drama and Music festival
  • Capital for three weeks every summer
  • The Military Tattoo- famous bagpipe and military band
    Highland Games (Gatherings) – open- air festival
  • Include events as shot put, hammer throw , tug- of- war, races , tossing of caber, dog show, concerts, lotteries
  • Main idea is to meet friends nad enjoy free day and have fun not winning prizes
  • The town of Ceres claims to have held the first Highland Games
  • taking place since 1314 to commemorate the safe return from the Battle of Bannockburn
    Scottish Evenings
  • most popular in Jamie ´s Scottish Evening at the King James Hotel in Edinburgh
  • it is presented by Bill Torrance
    Edinburgh
    Edinburgh Castle
    The Royal Mile
    Some Famous Scots Through History
    Saint Margaret
    Sir William Wallace
    Robert Bruce
    Mary Queen of Scots
    John Knox
    James VI ( of Scotland) and I (of England )
    David Hume
    Prince Charles Edward Stewart
    Flora MacDonald
    Thomas Telford
    Robert Burns
    Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson
    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
    Charles Rennie Mackintosh
    Kenneth Grahame
    Alexander Fleming
    John Brown
    Billy Connolly
    Sir Alex Ferguson
    Dolly the Sheep

  • Scotland #1 Scotland #2 Scotland #3
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    Sarnased õppematerjalid

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    Scotland overview

    Scotland Overview Flag-Saltire Royal Standard of Scotland Edinburgh, Glasgow First Minister Alex Salmond 78,387km² 5,222,100 St Andrew History Picts (Celtic tribe) Romans named scotland Caledonia The Scots Queen Mary was forced to abdicate the Scottish throne in 1567. National Symbols Thistle Declaration of Arbroath Tartan Bagpipes Kilt Honours of Scotland Crown, Sword and sceptre are from late fifteenth and early sixteenth century. Crown was made in 1540. Pope Julius II presented the sword to King James IV in 1507. The sceptre was made in 1494 and was presented to King James IV by Pope Alexander VI Honours of Scotland Language Have spoken Pictish, Scottish Gaelic similar Norse, Norman- to Irish, it is French and Brythonic recognised as an

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    Scotland

    Report of SCOTLAND Maiki Joakit 10. klass 2008 Etymology Scotland is from the Latin Scoti, the term applied to Gaels. The Late Latin word Scotia (land of the Gaels) was initially used to refer to Ireland. By the 11th century at the latest, Scotia was being used to refer to (Gaelic-speaking) Scotland north of the river Forth, alongside Albania or Albany, both derived from the Gaelic Alba. The use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass all of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages. History Repeated glaciations, which covered the entire land-mass of modern Scotland, have destroyed any traces of human habitation that may have existed before the Mesolithic period. It is believed that the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, as the ice sheet retreated after the last glaciation. Groups of settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500

    Uurimistöö
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    Revision Questions 2013

    They keep the royal jewels there. It's one of the most visited sight in London and also one with the most fascinating history. 10. If going back in time was possible, which decade in British history would you choose to live in? Why? I'd like to be in the Victorian age. Simply because the architecture changed and also the industry was developed. All in all it looks like an interesting time period to try. 11. Make a list of things / people / events that you associate with Scotland. Bloody Mary, Loch Ness, Scottish fought for their independence a lot, "Braveheart", Sean Connery, bagpipes, kilts, 12. Where are the British monarchs crowned? What else do you know about this building? They are all, since William the Conqueror, crowned in Westminster Abbey. They tribute British heroes there and also bury them. 13. Name all the invaders of Britain in the right order (starting with the first ones).

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    Inglise keelt kõnelevate maade ajaloo eksamiküsimused

    Emperor Claudius, the Roman rule in England lasted up to 410. The Romans left behind a huge legacy: many types of animals and plants were brought to Britain in Roman times. Roman introduced theire measurements, Christianity, reading and writing. Also, many words in English and Welsh have been borrowed from the Latin language. An important legacy of the Romans was its roads, agriculture and cities. In the Roman times the land was dominated by rules and reguations. *Christianity in Roman Britain ­ The Roman authorities were suspicious of Christianity because followers of Jesus Christ refused to take an oath of loyalty to the Roman emperor. For this reason the early Christians were regarded as dangerous enemies of the Empire. That ceased when the emperor Constantine converted to Christianity. Christianity became the official state religion of the Roman Empire in the early fourth century A.D. As the century

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    Inglise keelt kõnelevate maade ajalugu lühikonspekt

    A defensive barrier builtin 122 AD by Roman emperor Hadrian to guard the northern part of Britain against barbarian invaders Most imposing frontier of Roman Empire, controlling peoples mobements Building took several years, builders kept changing minds about the size 119 km lenght, 5m high, 3m deep The Picts, Caledonia The painted ones, northern tribes, part of the Scots Inhabited an area known as eastern and th western Scotland, until 10 c Mysteriously disappeared Constantly fought with Romans Teir country- Caledonia- Pictland The Scots, Hibernia Raiders, Celts living in Ireland/Hibernia Migrated to Scotland Raided Roman Britain After Kenneth McAlpin united Scotland all inhabitants became Scots The Venerable Bede A monk in the Northumbrian monastery of Jarrow In 731 ,,The Great Ecclesiastical History of the English People"- overshaows all other sources

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    Schotland

    Scotlan History The history of Scotland begins around 10,000 years ago, when humans first began to inhabit Scotland after the end of the Devensian glaciation, the last ice age. Of the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age civilization that existed in the country, many artifacts remain, but few written records were left behind.People lived in Scotland for at least 8,500 years before recorded history dealt with Britain. The written history of Scotland largely begins with the arrival of the Roman Empire in Britain, when the Romans occupied what is now England and Wales, administering it as a Roman province called Britannia. To the north was territory not governed by the Romans -- Caledonia, by name. Its people were the Picts. From a classical historical viewpoint Scotland seemed a peripheral country, slow to gain advances filtering out from the Mediterranean fount of civilisation, but as knowledge of

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    Scotland

    Scotland Scotland lies in the Atlantic Ocean. It's the northern part of Great Britain. The biggest cities of Scotland are Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh. Glasgow is the biggest of the cities. It was famous as a big industrial centre. Today it's famous for many theatres and art galleries. Scotland is known for its traditions, whisky, music and special food, which all are great attractions for tourists. Scotland's landscape is very attractive. There are wild mountains, heather moors and deep lakes called lochs in the northern part of Scotland. Some people believe that there is a big strange monster in Loch Ness. It's called the Loch Ness monster. Some people say that they have seen it. Tourists come there to see the monster every year but the monster doesn't show itself

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    BRITISH HISTORY 17TH-19TH CENTURY

    BRITISH HISTORY 17TH-19TH CENTURY SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY ☄ When James I became the first English king of the Stuart dynasty, he was already king of Scotland, so the crowns of these two countries were united. ☄ The kind of Middle English spoken in lowland Scotland had developed into a written language known as Scots ☄ The Scottish Protestant church adopted English rather than Scots bibles ☄ Religion and politics are inextricably linked ☄ Some people tried to kill the king because he wasn't Catholic enough and another king had been killed, partly because he seemed too Catholic ☄ Anger grew in the country at the way that the Stuart monarchs raised money ☄ Puritanism- ideological Protestantism

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