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London ceremonial and tradition (0)

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Changing the Guard
  • Perhaps the epitome of London's surviving pageantry can be found in the ceremonial Changing of the Guard.
  • A hugely popular spectacle, the Changing of the Guard takes place at a range of royal locations in and around  
  • London daily during the summer and on alternate days for the rest of the year .
  • There is no ticketing, so make sure you get there early .
  • Ever since 1660 Household Troops have guarded the Sovereign Palaces.
  • The Palace of Whitehall was the main residence until 1689 and was guarded by the Household Cavalry.
  • The court moved to St James's Palace in 1689 and when Queen Victoria moved into Buckingham Palace the Queen's Guard remained at St James's Palace and a detachment guarded Buckingham Place, as it does today .

Trooping
the Colour

  • Often cited as the ceremonial event of the year, the Trooping the Colour marks the ' official ' birthday of the Queen.
  • Her actual birthday is 21st April but it is a long-standing tradition to publicly celebrate her birthday on a summer day.
  • This tradition dates back to the early 18th century when the Colours of the battalion were carried past soldiers to reinforce the colours of their regiment so that they would recognise them in battle .
  • Ever since 1748 this ceremony has also marked the Sovereign's birthday.

State Opening of Parliament
  • Dating back to Medieval London, this spectacular annual ceremony marking the beginning of the new parliamentary year takes places in October or November and features peers and bishops in traditional robes and a royal procession involving the State Coach  .
  • The Yeomen of the Guard are responsible for searching the cellars of the Houses of parliament  before the Queen arrives.
  • A duty undertaken ever since the infamous Gunpowder Plot of 1605 when Guy Fawkes tried to blow up Parliament. The televised ceremony that follows takes place in the House of Lords.
  • The proceedings begin with Black Rod (the Queen's Messenger) calling 250 members of the House of Commons to the Houses og Lords.
  • The door is initially slammed in his face before being re-opened.
  • This reminds people that the Commons can exclude everyone but the Sovereign's messengers.

Lord Mayor's Show
  • This annual event has been taking over the streets of London for nearly 800 years now.
  • The parade involves over 6,000 people, bands, over 140 decorated floats, costumed performers and a gilded State Coach that the Lord Mayor travels in.
    If you aren 't sick of fireworks by this time just, this is possibly the most dangerous and amazing of all the public shows in the capital.
  • River barges are piled high with explosives and set adrift on the Thames with several brave men on board .
    The fireworks are let off between Waterloo and Blackfriars Bridge, not far from the scene of Guy Fawkes' attempted crime .
  • Wrap up warm and head for the river.
  • The best vantage points tend to be around the Embankment and Gabriels Wharf.
  • If you are really on the ball get there early and grab the best seats in the house in the public gallery of the Oxo Tower.

Ceremony of the
Keys


  • Every night the Tower of London is locked up by the Chief Warder who makes his way to the gates from the Byward Tower at exactly 21:53.
  • Once all the Tower gates are locked, the Last Post is sounded by a trumpeter and the ceremony is concluded.
  • This ceremony represents a 700-year-old tradition and lasts no more than 10 minutes.
    The Chief Warder represents the Yeoman Warders who have looked after the Tower since the 14th century.
  • Today they perform the role of tour guide in addition to their ceremonial duties.
    Tickets for this ceremony are free but you need to apply 6-8 weeks in advance.
  • Write to: The Ceremony of the Keys, Waterloo Block, HM Tower of London, London, England , EC3N 4AB, stating the names of the attendees and enclosing a self-addressed envelope, together with the requisite British Postage Stamps, or a minimum of two International Reply Coupons.

Ham House
  • This suggestion comes from one of our New Zealand readers.
  • With such passion and vigor he has described this one.
  • The first Earl of Dysart was granted a peerage and the estate of Ham for enduring Charles I`s punishments when misbehaving.
  • It was his daughter , Elizabeth, very ambitious lady who had with help of her second husband, the Earl of Lauderdale built it even bigger and more grandeur.
  • Unfortunately , her lifestyle was too expensive so the family was left heavily in debt .
  • It was Horace Walpole who described Ham House as a `Sleeping Beauty `.
  • Today the house boasts one of the finest Stuart interiors in the country , lavish plasterwork, silverwork, tapestries, silk damasks.
  • Located - Richmond Park.

Fitzroy House
  • Fitzrovia dates back to the 18th century and has been for many years well known for its writers and artists .
  • From H.G. Wells and George Orwell, to Charles Dickens and Virginia Woolf - its inhabitants have left an indelible mark.
  • Although it is well known that the Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw resided in Fitzroy Square, it is a lesser-known fact that he also lived with his mother on the 1st floor of 37 Fitzroy Street from 1881-1882.
  • 75 years later, writer and philosopher L. Ron Hubbard made 37 Fitzroy Street his London base.
  • Ron Hubbard wrote many of his best-known works whilst in London.
  • With a number of New York Times bestsellers and the Guinness Book of World Records Title for most published author , he is one of the most prolific writers of his time.

HMS Belfast
  • Permanently moored near Tower Bridge, this ship was a World War II cruiser in the Royal Navy.
  • Armed with six torpedoes, and six inch guns with a range of over fourteen miles , the Belfast spent over two years of the war in the Royal Navy shipyards.
  • Decommissioned after the Korean War, it is now an outpost of the Imperial War Museum . You can see it for yourself what it was like working in the airlocked BoilerRoom or scrambling up and down various ladders.

Eltham Palace
  • Eltham Palace is the only English Art Deco house open to the public.
  • Initially a moated manor house bought by Edward II in 1305, additions such as the impressive hammerbeam-roofed Great Hall in the 1470s created one of England's largest palaces for a succession of royals. Most famously, Henry VIII grew up here.
  • After the Civil War the palace fell into decline for over 200 years and the Great Hall, once the scene of lavish feasts, was even used as a barn .

Cleopatra`s Needle
  • Incredible as it is this is an original Egyptian obelisk.
  • Situated at the Thames Embankment, Cleopatra`s Needle was made in Egypt for the Pharaoh Thotmes III in 1460 BC and brought to London from Alexandria by sea in 1878, to commemorate the British victory over Napoleon.

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London

unsuccessful. They made their way to the river Thames and sailed up it. The Romans knew it was important to control a crossing point at the river Thames, so they decided to build a settlement on the north bank. Although small settlements had been built on the banks of the Thames, the Romans were the ones who built the first city. They called their city Londinium. The Roman engineers noticed that the point where the swampy river narrowed would make an ideal crossing point, they built London Bridge. Less than 20 years later the native Iceni tribe, led by Queen Boudicca, rose up against the Romans in revenge for mistreatment and burnt Londinium to the ground. The well disciplined Roman army defeated her forces and Londinium was rebuilt. By AD 100 it had also become the capital of the Roman province. A massive wall was built to protect the city from further attacks. The Roman Empire came under increasing attack across Europe and in AD 410 they retreated.

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Suurbritannia ühiskond ja kultuur konspekt

he dissolved the rump of the Long Parliament and made himself lord protector. In 1657, he refused the offer of the crown. At home Cromwell reorganised the national church, established Puritanism, readmitted Jews into Britain and presided over a certain degree of religious tolerance. Abroad, he ended the war with Portugal (1653) and Holland (1654) and allied with France against Spain, defeating the Spanish at the Battle of the Dunes (1658). Cromwell died on 3 September 1658 in London. The Restoration When Cromwell died, he, his system of government and the puritan ethics that went with it had become so unpopular that the son of he executed king was asked to return and take the throne. So in 1660 Parliament offered to restore the monarchy if Charles would agree to concessions for religious toleration and a general amnesty. Charles was not as hard-headed as his father, and he agreed to the proposals. He returned to London on a wave of popular

Suurbritannia ühiskond ja kultuur
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The City on London

The City of London History The City of London occupies one square mile in the middle of the capital. It once made up the entire town of London, surrounded by the wall first built by the Romans. The Roman Londinium grew up on the northern side of the "London Bridge" in the past. Products such as olive oil, wines and fruit were brought by ships from different parts of the Roman Empire and unloaded onto wooden quays along the river. In AD 61 the native Celtic Iceni tribe, led by Queen Boudicca, rose up against The Romans. They burnt Londinium to the ground but Roman armies eventually defeated Boudicca

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Ingliskeelsete maade ühiskond ja kultuur, eksamiküsimused

door of the House of Commons and demanding that the MPs let the Queen come in and tell them what “her” government is going to do in the coming year. However, the Commons refuses her entry. In the 17th century, Charles I once burst in and tried to arrest some MPs. Ever since then, the monarch has not been allowed to enter the Commons. Instead, the MPs agree to come through to the House of Lords and listen to the monarch there. By tradition, they always come through in pairs, each pair comprising of an MP from two different parties. 21. The Day in the House of Commons. The Mace. Hansard. Hansard is the name given to the daily verbatim reports of everything that has been said in the Commons. They are published within 48 hours of the day the cover. The mace in Parliament is the symbol of royal authority and without it neither House can meet or pass laws

Ingliskeelsete maade ühiskond ja kultuur
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The U.K. / Suurbritannia

in Wales. Belfast is the capital of Northern Ireland, it is also the most important port and industrial and commertial centre. Oxford is the home of the oldest university in England. Most of the oldest colleges are situated just a short walk from each other in the centre of the town. Birmingham is one of the largest industrial cites in England. York was the capital of Northern England. It is one of the best preserved medieval cities in Europe. London is the capital of England and also the capital of the United Kingdom. It is situated on the river Thames, in southeast England. London is made up of two ancient cities which are now joined together: the City of London, known simply as ´the City` which is the business and financial heart of the United Kingdom, and the City of Westminister, where the Parlament and most of the government offices are located. Also the Buckingham Palace, the official London residence of Queen and the

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St. James Park

St. James Park History St James’s Park is the oldest Royal Park in London. On James I's accession to the throne in 1603, he ordered that the park be drained and landscaped, and kept exotic animals in the park, includingcamels, crocodiles, and an elephant, as well as aviaries of exotic birds along the south. Charles II opened the park to the public, as well as using the area to entertain guests. On his desire had the park redesigned in a more formal style, probably by the French landscaper André Mollet

British culture (briti kultuur)
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Landmarcs

LANDMARCS HYDE PARK: Hyde Park is one of the largest parks in central London, England and one of the Royal Parks of London, famous for its Speakers' Corner. The park is divided in two by the Serpentine. The park is contiguous with Kensington Gardens; although often still assumed to be part of Hyde Park, Kensington Gardens has been technically separate since 1728, when Queen Caroline made a division between the two. THE TOWER OF LONDON: Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically as The Tower), is a historic fortress and scheduled monument in central London, England, on the north bank of the River Thames. It is located within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets and is separated from the eastern edge of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill. It is the oldest building used by the British government. [1]

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London - sillad, tornid, ajalugu

THE CITY OF LONDON History The City of London occupies one square mile in the middle of the capital. It once made up entire town of London, surrounded by the wall first built by Romans. The Romans also built a bridge over the Thames and there has been one in the same area ever since. The Roman Londinium grew up on the northern side of the bridge. In AD 61 the native Celtic tribe, led by Queen Boudicca, rose up against the Romans. They burnt down Londinium to the ground and killed most of its inhabitants. Roman armies eventually defeated Boudicca and Londinium was rebuilt.

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