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The romantic movement in American literature (0)

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The Romantic movement in
American literature
Romanticism in literature
· Romantic
· Romanticism is an artistic, literary, and
intellectual movement
· Influenced by :
- Enlightenment
- elevated medievalism
· In America ­ 1820
Characteristic features
· Intuition, instincts, imagination, feelings
· Folk art, nature, heroism
· Protest against reality
· Emphasis on women and children
· Dreams
· Symbolism and myths
Events & Dates
· The American Revolution (1776 -1783)
· The French Revolution (1789 ­ 1799)
· The Industrial Revolution
· Civil war (1861 ­ 1865)
· Colonies, communes
· Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 ­ 1882)
· Henry David Thoreau (1817 ­ 1862)
Famous writers
· Small literary world, writers knew each other
· Washington Irving (1783 -1859)
· James Fenimore Cooper (1789 -1851)
· Nathaniel Hawthorne (1819 ­ 1891)
· Herman Melville (1819 -1891)
· Edgar Allan Poe (1809 -1840)
· Walt Whitman (1819 -1892)
· Emily Dickinson (1830 -1886)
Washington Irving &
James Fenimore Cooper
· American writers of the early 19th century
· Acclaim in Europe
· Irving's best known "Rip Van Winkle"
· J.F. Cooper's "Leatherstocking Tales"
· Cooper ­ American historical novel
Edgar Allan Poe
· January 19, 1809 ­ October 7, 1849
· American poet, short story writer, editor,
literary critic
· love, beauty and death
· Arabesque
· Horror, crime, detective fiction,
Poe's works
· Tale "The fall of the House of Usher"
· Tale "The Murders in the Rue Morgue"
· Tale "The Masque of Usher"
· Tale "Berenice"
· Poem "The Bells"
· Poem "The Raven"
· Poem "Annabel Lee"
Walt Whitman
· Full-name Walter Whitman
· May 31, 1819 ­ March 26, 1892
· American poet, essayist, journalist, and humanist
· His works have been translated into more than
twenty-five languages
· "Leaves of Grass"
· "Song of Myself"
· "Drum-Taps"
· "Memoranda During the War"
Emily Dickinson
· December 10, 1830 ­ May 15, 1886
· one of the two quintessential American poets of the 19th
· An introverted and hermetic life
· 1,789 poems
· Highly educated
· Amherst's most prominent family
· "Bolts of Melody:
New Poems of Emily Dickinson"
· Poems for Youth (1934, poetry)
· Love, nature, religion, morality
I died for beauty
I died for beauty but was scarce
Adjusted in the tomb,
When one who died for truth was lain
In an adjoining room.
He questioned softly why I failed?
"For beauty," I replied. "
And I for truth,--the two are one;
We brethren are," he said.
And so, as kinsmen met a night,
We talked between the rooms,
Until the moss had reached our lips,
And covered up our names.
· "American Literary Reader" by M. Kubre

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The Origins of American Literature

The origins of American literature The first Americans were explorers and settlers, adventurers and idealists who crossed the ocean in search of new opportunities or to escape the poverty and intolerance. Their writings were matter-of-fact accounts of life in America, which explained colonisation to Englishmen back in the homeland. An example of this form of writing is John Smith's A True Relation of Virginia, which is widely recognized to be the first example of Am lit. The early years of colonisation produced a mass of utilitarian writings including biographies, accounts of voyages, diaries, sermons, pamphlets. Much of the material addressed the problems of Church and State. There were few examples of fiction, poetry or drama

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American Literature

The making of a new nation. The Enlightenment in America. The emergence of the notion of the American Dream. The great Enlighteners: Crèvecoeur, Jefferson, Paine, Franklin. The American Enlightenment is the intellectual thriving period in the United States in the midtolate 18th century (1715­1789), especially as it relates to American Revolution on the one hand and the European Enlightenment on the other. Influenced by the scientific revolution of the 17th century and the humanist period during the Renaissance, the Enlightenment took scientific reasoning and applied it to human nature, society, and religion. American Enlightenment a gradual but powerful awakening that established the ideals of democracy, liberty, and religious tolerance in the people of America.

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American Literature Portfolio

American literature The literary history of this nation when the first humanbeing living in what has since become the U.S used language creatively. · Mid to late 18 century ­ put down · Words are powerful, magical · Words must be remembered · Native Americans stories ­ creation of the world · Attidude thought their land/language · Similar stories Dates and names · America was discovered in 1492 by Columbus · 1497 ­ John Cabot went to Canada · 1579 ­ San Fransisco/St. Fransis · 1607 ­ Jamestown collony/John Smith · 1620 ­ a boat called MayFlower · 1630 ­ Boston was established · 1636 ­ Harvard University · 1773 ­ Boston Teaparty · 1775 ­ War of Independence · 1776 ­ 4 July Declaration of Independence · First President ­ George Washington Christopher Columbus


Edgar A. Poe

He adapted very well to military discipline. Mr. Allan had him appointed to West Point Military Academy, but was dismissed. He married his 14-old cousin who had tuberculosis (lead to drinking). Two years after his wife´s death Poe himself was found in a Baltimore street near a polling place on an Election Day, died a few days later in hospital when he was only 40. · His works reflect the double aspect of his personality: the abandonment of the self-destructive romantic artist and the self-control of the conscious and conscientious craftsman, the passivity of the dreamer indifferent to all that exists outside his dream world and the restless activity of a keen mind always on the alert. · Poe himself classified his tales as "grotesque", "arabesque", "ratiocinative", to indicate variations in his intentions. The ,,arabesque" are those in which horror or other emotion in violent suspense

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English literature summary

English   literature   is   one   of   the  oldest   literatures   in   Europe;   dates   back   to   the   6th   century   AD.   Oral   literature,   i.e.   not   written   down,   spread   from   person   to   person.   In   449   AD   Anglo-­‐Saxon   tribes   invaded   England   –   beginning   of   the   Anglo-­‐Saxon   period   in   English   literature.  The  first  form  of  literature  was  folklore,  carried  by  scops  and  gleemen,  who  

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Romantic poetry and prose

Test on Romantic Poetry and Prose 1. Approximate dates of romanticism: in the second half of the 18th century. Major events on world history at that time: · Industrial revolution · In America the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 · The French Revolution, 1789 · The King of England was George III, after him George IV and then Queen Victoria Outcomes: · Revolution did not bring welfare · Lives of the lower-classes worsened · Extended the distance between the lower and upper class · The rich got richer, the poor got poorer 2

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Briti kirjanduse portfoolio

out and before dressing for bed, Thackeray suffered a stroke and was found dead on his bed in the morning Thackeray began as a satirist and parodist, with a sneaking fondness for roguish upstarts like Becky Sharp in Vanity Fair, Barry Lyndon in The Luck of Barry Lyndon and Catherine in Catherine. Charlotte Brontë Charlotte Brontë was a British novelist, the eldest of the three famous Brontë sisters whose novels have become standards of English literature. Charlotte Brontë is best known for Jane Eyre, one of the most famous of British novels. Charlotte Brontë was born in Thornton, Yorkshire, England, the third of six children. In August 1824, Charlotte was sent with three of her sisters; Emily, Maria and Elizabeth, to the Clergy Daughters' School at Cowan Bridge in Lancashire (which she would describe as Lowood School in Jane Eyre). At home in Haworth Parsonage, Charlotte and the other

Inglise kirjandus

Victorian age

Both are associated with the reign of a very popular queen; Victorian age idealised the Elizabethan Age; many changes in different fields- economy, religion etc.; focusing more on people's attitudes, political developments etc; Victorian age was inspired by Elizabethan era; Britain became an empire · What were the most important changes in politics, religion and social life that occurred during the Victorian age? Politics: 1848 Chartist movement (voting right for the working class); women's suffrage movements; feminist outburst (wanted to have business ­openly; own property, voting etc.); world dominion (British empire); Economy: Industrialization; urbanization (people moved to towns ­ no agriculture & food); laissez- faire economy ­ new type, where government has no control over economy; booming economy- needed new markets and endless supply of raw materials; 1845- potato famine in Ireland, 1846- Corn Laws (import

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