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Tower of London (0)

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Tower of London
Location
The Tower of London is located at the
eastern boundary of London, next to
Tower Bridge on the northern bank of the
Thames river.
Description
At the centre of the Tower of London
stands the White Tower.
The White Tower is defended by a
massive curtain wall, which has thirteen
towers.
The first curtain wall is defended by a
second massive curtain wall, which has
five towers.
The tower is manned by the Yeomen
Warders (known as Beefeaters), who act
as tour guides, provide security, and are a
tourist attraction in their own right. Every
evening, the warders participate in the
Ceremony of the Keys as the Tower is
secured for the night.
History
The Tower of London was founded in
1078 by William the Conqueror.
In the 12th century, King Richard the
Lionheart enclosed the White Tower with a
curtain wall and had a moat dug around it.
The fortification was completed in 1280 by
Edward I, who built the outer curtain wall.
The Tower today is principally a tourist
attraction. Besides the buildings
themselves, the British Crown Jewels and
a remnant of the wall of the Roman
fortress are on display.
Primary Functions
The tower's primary function was a
fortress, a royal palace, and a prison for
high status and royal prisoners.
It has also served as a place of execution
and torture, an armoury, a treasury, a zoo,
the Royal Mint, a public records office, an
observatory, and since 1303, the home of
the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.

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The city and the tower of london

G1a The City Founded by Romas 43-50 AD, set up trading post It has seen at least 15 major fires 1666 burnt down 4/5 of its houses Then The City was rebuilt Tower Bridge (Tower Hill tube), built in 1894 during the Second World War, its was heavily bombed Now there is one of the biggest financil centres in Europe Banks, stock exchange Many banking and insurance institutions have their headquarters there Stock Exchange, Lloyd's of London,the Bank of England are all based in the City Over 500 banks have offices in the City City is an established leader in trading in Eurobonds, foreign exchange, energy futures and global insurance Of the $3.98 trillion daily global turnover, trading in London accounted for around $1.36 trillion,or 34.1% of the total Canary wharf Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level

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London - sillad, tornid, ajalugu

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London

unsuccessful. They made their way to the river Thames and sailed up it. The Romans knew it was important to control a crossing point at the river Thames, so they decided to build a settlement on the north bank. Although small settlements had been built on the banks of the Thames, the Romans were the ones who built the first city. They called their city Londinium. The Roman engineers noticed that the point where the swampy river narrowed would make an ideal crossing point, they built London Bridge. Less than 20 years later the native Iceni tribe, led by Queen Boudicca, rose up against the Romans in revenge for mistreatment and burnt Londinium to the ground. The well disciplined Roman army defeated her forces and Londinium was rebuilt. By AD 100 it had also become the capital of the Roman province. A massive wall was built to protect the city from further attacks. The Roman Empire came under increasing attack across Europe and in AD 410 they retreated.

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