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Kategooria inglise keele foneetika ja fonoloogia - 4 õppematerjali

Keeled >> Inglise keele foneetika ja fonoloogia

Mid-term 1 in English Phonetics and Phonology

Mid-term 1. Terminology. Testi tuleb kindlasti see tabel! Nasal, Bilabial: m Nasal, Alveolar: n Nasal Velar: Plosive, Bilabial: p; b Plosive, Alveolar: t; d Plosive, Velar: k; Affricate, Post-Alveolar: t; d Fricative, Labio-dental: f; v Fricative, Dental: ; Fricative, Alveolar: s; z Fricative, Post-Alveolar: ; Fricative, Velar: x Fricative, Glottal: h Approximant, Alveolar ja Post-Alveolar: Approximant, Palatal: j Approximant, Velar: w Lateral, Alveolar: l Phonetics and Phonology. Mid-term 1. Phonetics ­ the general study of the characteristics of speech sounds: how they may be "strung" together to form meaningful units how they are produced It studies: how to describe the speech sounds in the languages of the world what these sounds are how they fall into patterns how they change in different circumstances Acoustic phonetics ­ the study of the physical properties of the...

Inglise keele foneetika ja... - Tallinna Ülikool
35 allalaadimist

English Phonetics and Phonology. Mid-term2

Mid-term 2. Syllable - is a phonological unit consisting of one or more phonemes. In phonetics ­ a syllable is a unit which consists of a centre, that has little or no obstruction to airflow; it is comparatively louder than other sounds. In phonology ­ syllables are the possible combinations of phonemes. The syllable consists of - onset, nucleus, coda. (every syllable has a nucleus: vowel, syllabic l, or m, n). Rhyme/rime ­ nucleus + coda; the nucleus and the coda constitute a sub-syllabic unit ­ rhyme. Words rhyme, when their nucleus and coda are identical. (E.g 'cr-o-wn', 'd-o-wn'). The hierarchical structure of the syllable: Onset ­ the beginning of the syllable Nucleus/peak ­ the open part of a syllable, generally a vowel. Coda ­ a consonant sound which ends the syllable. Open syllable - has no coda Closed syllable - has a coda! Texts: [t-e-k-s-t-s]- (Consonant, Vowel, Consonant, Consonant, Consonant, Consonant). Stron...

Inglise keele foneetika ja... - Tallinna Ülikool
39 allalaadimist

Phonetics Glossary Homework

In many languages, the citation form of a verb is the infinitive: French aller, German gehen, Spanish ir. In English it usually is the full infinitive (to go) although alphabetized without 'to' (go); the present tense is used for some defective verbs (shall, can, and must have only the one form). In Latin, Ancient Greek, and Modern Greek (which has no infinitive), however, the first person singular present tense is normally used, though occasionally the infinitive may also be seen. The pronunciation form in a dictionary will usually relate to the citation form of the word in question. This may differ in various respects from the forms to be expected in connected speech, sometimes referred to as phonotypical forms. Wells, J.C. 1999. Phonetic transcription and analysis. Available at, accessed January 19, 2016. Lyons, John. 1981. Language and Linguistics. Available at, accessed January 19, 2016 World Heritage Encyclopedia & Project Gutenberg. 2016. Lemma (Morphology). Available at http:self.gutenberg.orgarticleslemma_(morphology), accessed January 19, 2016. DIPHTHONGS Origin: Late Middle English: from French diphtongue, via late Latin from Greek diphthongos, from di- 'twice' + phthongos 'voice, sound'. A diphthong is a special kind of vowel sound. Most vowel sounds in English are made with the mouth in one position and with one pure sound. These vowel sounds are called monophthongs (mono meaning “one” and phthong meaning “sound”). A diphthong is one vowel sound formed by the combination of two vowel sounds. A diphthong begins as one vowel sound and moves toward another, such as the vowel sounds in coin...

Inglise keele foneetika ja... - Tallinna Ülikool
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Energy - põhjalik referaat energiast

His correct understanding of the nature of electricity paved the way for the future. 1830-1839 Michael Faraday built an induction dynamo based on principles of electromagnetism, induction, generation and transmission. 16 1860's Mathematical theory of electromagnetic fields was published. Maxwell created a new era of physics when he unified magnetism, electricity and light. One of the most significant events, possibly the very most significant event, of the 19th century was Maxwell's discovery of the four laws of electrodynamics ("Maxwell's Equations"). This led to electric power, radios, and television. 1763-1774 Pumping water from coal mines was a most difficult and expensive problem. The steam engine developed by James Watt during these years provided the solution. Watt's steam engine remained basically unchanged for the next century and its uses expanded to change the whole nature of industry and transportation. 1885-1950 Coal was the most important fuel. One half ton of coal produced as much energy as 2 tons of wood and at half the cost. But it was hard to stay clean in houses heated with coal. Late 1860's The steel industry gave coal a big boost. 1982 Coal accounted for more than half of the supply of electricity but little was used in homes. In terms of national electricity generation, hydropower, natural gas, and nuclear energy contributed between 10 and 15 percent each. By 1870 Oil had become the country's second biggest export after the industry was started by Edwin Drake. 1890 Mass production of automobiles began,creating demand for gasoline. Prior to this, kerosene used for lighting had been the main oil product. 1951-present...

Inglise keele foneetika ja... - Tallinna Ülikool
18 allalaadimist

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