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"welfare" - 127 õppematerjali

32
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Kvalitatiivne uurimustöö Emotsioonide regulatsioon ja stress

2 Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the association between psychological and the biological stress response. It is known that humans, interacting with each other or their environment, have emotional reactions that are individually regulated. These emotional responses are linked to changes in autonomic and neuroendocrine systems, which are essential for metabolic support when preparing the body for action. Since emotion can influence such important processes like learning, decision-making, memory and consequently health and welfare of the individual then dysfunctional regulation of emotions can lead to psychopathology. A total of 26 healthy, non smoking male participants, age group 18-42 years were recruited into the study. Based on the theory of Cybernetic 3-Dimensional Model on Emotion Regulation (CMER), three dimensions of emotion regulation was measured. Participants were stressed using the TSST test, and the salivary cortisol and plasma IL-6 was measured as endocrinological markers of the stress response. Multiple regression and correlation analysis were conducted investigating the main hypothesis. The results show that hedonistic emotion regulation (HER) and the distress- augmentative emotion regulation (DAR) were the predictors and AUCg (area under the curve in respect to ground) and AUCi (area under the curve in respect to increase) were the dependent variables. Participants, who scored high in HER showed lower cortisol responses, whereas, indi...

Psühholoogia - Akadeemia Nord
103 allalaadimist
4
docx

Heaoluriigi mudelid eksamiartikkel

The Politics of the New Welfare State, Bruno Palier Eksamiküsimus: iseloomusta 4 faasi, millest ta räägib tekstis! Turning Vice Into Vice – pahede ümberjaotamine (aga ei õnnestunud). Kontinetaal-Euroopa: Bismarcki mudel on sattunud suure surve alla. Majanduslikud allakäigud riikidel (töötus kasvas, raha ei olnud). Bismarcki mudel on mees leivateenija mudel, heaoluriik ei ole disainitud selleks, et aidata naist. Kindlustab pere (naise) läbi töötava mehe. Tänapäeval ei ole väga päevakorrane enam (pered ei ole enam stabiilsed, palju üksikemasid jne). On vaja muuta midagi Kontinentaal-Euroopas, seda otsustati 70-ndatel. Peale seda autor jagab muutuse nelja faasi. Esimene Faas: Päästke tööstus! Püüti kindlustada rohkem töötavat mees ( kes ohustasid seda meest, siis teisi eemaldati tööturult eelpenisonitega , tähtajalised lepingud jne.). Aetii minema tööturult inimesed, kes polnud t...

Ühiskond -
7 allalaadimist
3
docx

Teine kodutöö aines Mikroökonoomika II

1 The demand and supply curves for fixed gear bikes in Hipsterland are �� = 75 − 1.5� and �� = 1.5� − 30. a. Find the equilibrium price; b. Find the equilibrium quantity; c. What are the consumer surplus, producer surplus, and total welfare at the market equilibrium? qD = 75 – 1,5*p => p = 50 – 23*q qS = 1,5*p – 30 => p = 20 + 23*q 75 – 1,5*p = 1,5*p – 30 3*p = 105 p* = 35 q* = 22,5 p S 50 35 2 0 D 22, 75 q 5 Producer surplus: ((35 – 20)*22,5)2 = 168,75 Consumer surplus: ((50-35)*22,5)2 = 168,75 Total welfare: 168,75 + 168,75 = 337,5 EXERCISE N. 2 When the price of apple juice rises by 3%, the quantity demanded drops by 8%. Then, demand of for apple juice is elastici? Explain if yes or not and show with the calculation. Demand for juice is elastic. Proof (calculated by midpoint formula): (0,92-1)((0,92+1)2) E = -0,8330,296 = -2,81; |E|= 2,81 = (1,03-1)((1,03+1)2) Price elasticity of demand is bigger than 1, th...

Mikroökonoomika - Eesti Maaülikool
11 allalaadimist
8
doc

Eesti referaat

THE ESTONIAN KROON, BANKING AND TAXES The Estonian kroon was introduced in June 1992. The kroon's exchange rate has not changed since 20 June 1992. The Estonian kroon is tied to Euro (1 EUR=15,6466 EEK). Estonia has a currency board system. The responsible monetary authority is the Bank of Estonia. Banking has been an area of rapid growth since the regaining of independence. One of the leading banks is Hansapank. Only the Bank of Estonia has the right to the emission of money. The foundations fot the Estonian financial system were laid in 1992. the aim of banks is not only keeping money, but also giving loans. They are directly interested in the good work and profit of enterprises. The Estonian Tax System is made up of the following: Social Tax: 33% paid on gross income from employment. 20% of the money goes into the Social Security Fund which finances state pensions and social welfare. This tax is not detucted from wagessalaries, but paid by the employer. Personal Income Tax: 22% paid on earned income (except for tax free minimum) by all people, it is called proportional income tax and is equal for people with different income. Value Added Tax: 18%, one of the government's main sources of income, paid by people when they buy any goods. It is not noticiable because prices already include it. Excise Duties: imposed on alcohol, tobacco, petrol etc. to limit the use of these goods. POPULATION The earliest traces of human habitation date from prehistoric times. In th the 13 century the population numbered between 100 000 and 200 000, but this figure changed as a result of wars, epidemics and migrations. In the mid 1800s many Estonians emigrated in the hope of finding good farmland and better living conditions. The census of 2000 showed that 47 different nationalities live in Estonia...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
173 allalaadimist
9
doc

The bodyshop

Tartu Kivilinna Gümnaasium Liis Viljak 10b Bodyshop Company The Body Shop International plc is a global manufacturer and retailer of naturally inspired, ethically produced beauty and cosmetics products. Founded in the UK in 1976 by Dame Anita Roddick, we now have over 2,100 stores in 55 countries, with a range of over 1,200 products, all animal cruelty free, and many with fairly traded natural ingredients. We were the first international cosmetics brand to be awarded the Humane Cosmetics Standard for our Against Animal Testing policy. And we have our own fair trade programme called Community Trade, making us the only cosmetics company with such an extensive commitment to trading fairly. Community Trade now works with 31 suppliers in 24 countries, providing over 15,000 people across the globe with essential income to build their futures. The Body Shop is a leader in the trend towards greater corporate transp...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
18 allalaadimist
32
doc

Ühiskonnaõpetus II kursusele

ÜHISKONNAÕPETUS II KURSUSELE ÕPIJUHIS Kursuse nimetus: Ühiskonnaõpetus kutseõppeasutuste II kursusele Maht: 1 AP (40 t, sh 35 auditoorset tundi ja 5 t iseseisvat tööd) Sihtrühm: kutseõppeasutuste II kursuse õpilased Kursuse eesmärk: ühiskondlike protsesside mõistmine, kodanikuosaluse tähendusest ja vajalikkusest arusaamine, ühiskonnaelus osalemise oskus ja valmidus, poliitiliste ideoloogiate tundmine Kursuse sisu Ühiskonna struktuur ja kujunemine. Ühiskonna valitsemine. Ühiskonnaga seotud mõisted. Riigi mõiste ja tunnused. Kodakondsus. Riikluse ajaloost. Eesti riikluse ja riigivõimu kujunemine. Riigikorralduse vormid: suveräänne riik, koloonia, protektoraat, unitaarriik, autonoomia, föderatsioon, konföderatsioon. Õigusriik ja võimude lahusus. Riigivormid: monarhia, piiratud monarhiad, vabariik. Parlamentaarne ja presidentaalne riik. Poliitilised reziimid: demokraatia, diktatuur, autokraatia, totalitarism. Valitsemissüsteeme mujal: Läti, Leedu, Rootsi...

Ühiskond - Kutsekool
155 allalaadimist
28
doc

Inglise keelt kõnelevate maade ajaloo eksamiküsimused

It is one of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world and is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones. The surrounding circular, earth bank and ditch, have been dated to about 3100 BC. Stonehenge was produced by a culture with no written language. Many aspects of Stonehenge remain subject to debate. There is little or no direct evidence for the construction techniques used by the Stonehenge builders. *The Celts in Britain and their legacy ­ The Cets lived in Britain in The Iron Age. They were warring tribes who were battleful amongst themselves as well as inter-tribal war. They were not centrally governed. The Celts brought iron working, iron ploughs and metal swords, horses, wheels and chariots - all these things gave them an instant superiority over the native tribes. The Celts built a number...

Inglise keel kõnelevate maade... - Tartu Ülikool
257 allalaadimist
28
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Riigi ja valitsemise III osa

Autoritarism, totalitarism ja demokraatia Poliitiline reziim Poliitiline reziim on suunatud riigis valitsevale õhustikule ning lähtub valitsevatest sisulistest eesmärkidest, huvidest ja tegutsemisviisidest. Eesti sõnaga võiks reziimi ligikaudselt nimetada võimutüübiks, poliitiliseks õhustikuks või valitsemisviisiks. Reziimi mõiste on protsessikeskne ja politoloogidel tugevalt kasutuses Poliitiline süsteem Poliitilist süsteemi on kasutatud väga erinevates tähendustes. Kõige tavalisem on, et ühiskonda/riiki iseloomustatakse tervikuna avaliku võimu institutsioonidest lähtudes: missugused institutsioonid on, kuidas toimivad, missugused on nende vastastiksuhted, mis jääb institutsioonide poolt katmata jne. Eesti keeles võiks lihtsamalt öelda riigikord Reziimide üldjaotus Demokraatia n valitsemisviis, kus võim põhineb üldva-limiste kaudu saadud piiratud mandaadil valijatelt, kellel on poliitikas osalemise ja...

Riik ja valitsemine - Tallinna Tehnikaülikool
145 allalaadimist
16
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Majanduse abc

· absoluutne hind ­ hind, mis on kirjutatud hinnasiltidele ja mida seda hüvist ostes peab maksma · absoluutne tulude ebavõrdsus ­ situatsioon, kus 1IX peredetsiilil tulud puuduvad ning kõik tulu laekub X peredetsiilile · absoluutne tulude võrdsus ­ situatsioon, kus kõigi peredetsiilide tulud on võrdsed · absoluutne vaesus ­ seisund, kus inimese tulu jääb allapoole teatud minimaalset taset; sätestatakse kas rahvusliku või rahvusvahelise vaesuskriteeriumina · absoluutse eelise teooria ­ väidab, et erinevad riigid võivad toota kaupu erineva efektiivsusega ning rahvusvahelise kaubanduse abil on võimalik jõuda kõrgemale heaolutasemele, kui riigid spetsialiseeruvad tootma seda kaupa, milles neil on absoluutne eelis (mida nad suudavad toota vähima ressursikuluga)...

Majandus - Eesti Ettevõtluskõrgkool Mainor
507 allalaadimist
4
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UK Test

What does AONB stand for? 2. What type of environment does the Ramsar Convention protect? 3. Which country has the greatest proportion of its land devoted to National Parks and other countryside conversation areas: England, Scotland, Wales or Northen Ireland? 4. Which is the main contributing gas to the greenhouse effect? 5. Which fortification in Britain dates from the Roman era and is listed in the World Heritage List? 1. Area of outstanding natural beauty 2. Wetlands 3. Northen Ireland 4. Carbon dioxide 5. Hadrian's Wall, in the north of England Physical geography 1. Which of the following countries is the nearest continental neighbour to Great Britain: Denmark, Portugal, France or Greece? 2. Which of these cities are close to the same line of latitude as London: Berlin, Moscow, New Yo...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
15 allalaadimist
78
ppt

Sotsiaalpoliitika

luuk@gmail.com Loeng 1 Sotsiaalpoliitika olemus · Igandlik arusaam rikastelt raha äravõtmine ja vaestele (viletsatele, saamatutele ja laiskadele) andmine · Eesti poliitikute valmiseelsed lubadused ei seondunud sotsiaalprobleemide lahendamisega ­ surve selleks tuli EL-lt ­ hakati koostama SP valdkondade strateegiaid ja tegevuskavasid · Kaasaegne euroopalik arusaam investeerimine inimkapitali vastavalt inimeste erinevate elutsüklite (lapsepõlv, tööiga, vanaduspõlv) vajadustele solidaarsusprintsiibil · Solidaarsusprintsiip väljendub riikliku pensionikindlustuse, ravikindlustuse ja töötuskindlustuse ning pere- ja lapsetoetuste kaudu Kuidas defineerida SP? On välja toodud 2 võimalust: · Avalike poliitikate valdkondade kaudu ­ tervishoiu-, tööturu-, pensionipoliitika jne. Sõltuvuse kaudu teistest poliitikatest ­ S...

Sotsioloogia - Tallinna Ülikool
180 allalaadimist
2
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Sotsiaalpoliitika

Samas kehtib ka vastupidine - kuna terviku seisukohalt. Sellesse gruppi kuuluvad Eestis moodustasid pensionikulud 2004.a. 6,3 minimaalse toimetuleku ja vältimatud üksikisikud ei saa mingit tulu positiivsete järgmised funktsioonid: % SKP-st ja EL maades 2001.a. 12,7% teenused. kasutusel ning on levinud USA-s, välismõjude loomisest, pööravad nad nendele keskkonnakaitse; demograafilise situatsiooni keskmiselt Kanadas ja Austraalias. liiga vähe tähelepanu. mõjutamine; haridusteenused; Pensionisüsteemide ülesseehitus Korporatiivse mudeli puhul on sotsiaalkaitse Mastaabiefekt tekib siis, kui kõigi sisendite tervishoiuteenused; kultuuriteenused; Pensionikindlustuse korraldusel riigis tuuakse tugevalt seotud töösuhetega...

Sotsioloogia - Tartu Ülikool
141 allalaadimist
3
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Romantic poetry and prose

Approximate dates of romanticism: in the second half of the 18th century. Major events on world history at that time: · Industrial revolution · In America the Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 · The French Revolution, 1789 · The King of England was George III, after him George IV and then Queen Victoria Outcomes: · Revolution did not bring welfare · Lives of the lower-classes worsened · Extended the distance between the lower and upper class · The rich got richer, the poor got poorer 2. Romanticism is a reaction against classicism, science and atomic (aesthetic ideal of order and unity) worldview. Romantic ideal is the organic world. Romanticism: · Returns to nature and belief in the goodness of mankind · Exaltation of the senses and emotion overcome reason and intellect i...

Inglise kirjandus - Keskkool
14 allalaadimist
1
doc

The invention of the car changed the world

World is used to move unstoppably. How many of us can possibly imagine our everyday life without cars in it? We´d find it to be rather difficult. Probably the fact would blow up our day schedules and most of the plans that are made. In the olden days, a car was a poduct which was ment to be only for the rich ones. To the contrary, nowadays cars are very easily available for everyone (!).Speaking of which, it´s not much to mention that one extremely wierd and sad occasion would be that some people take advantage of haveing a car and tend to take up too high speeds for showing how tough fellows they are. Often boasting like this can cause big devastations, meaning accidents and all kinds of fines, not mentioning times, when a driver might be under influence of the alcohol, which is definitely the worst possibility of all. But that´s the world we live in...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
18 allalaadimist
4
doc

Homereading - body language

It can be conscious ­ or unconscious. It is something that is noticed by everybody but is not always given enough attention. We sometimes ignore it and try to hide behind words, but we should never forget that we cannot fool everyone! Children react to body language because they experience the world through intuition. The same can be true for adults when feelings are involved. People who are in bad shape emotionally will often place great importance in it. In fact, they often pick up the smallest hint of a lapse in attention in the person they are speaking to. And they frequently jump to the conclusion that they are boring or a nuisance - thus compounding any sense of depression or poor self-esteem. A way to learn the secrets of body language is to watch television with the sound turned off and...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
21 allalaadimist
2
doc

The role of women in Sense and Sensibility

The story starts with the death of Mr. Dashwood his estate, "Norland" and money passes to his only son, John. This leaves his second wife and three daughters, Elinor, Marianne, and Margaret, at the mercy of John's and his selfish wife Fanny. They treat Dashwood women as unwelcome quests, so women begin looking for another place to live. Elinor Dashwood is the sensible and reserved eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Dashwood. She becomes attached to Edward Ferrars, the brother-in-law of her elder half-brother, John. Always feeling a keen sense of responsibility to her family and friends, she places their welfare and interests above her own, and suppresses her own strong emotions in a way that leads others to think she is indifferent or cold-hearted. Marianne Dashwood is the romantically inclined and eagerly expressive second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Dashwood. She is the object of the attentions of Colonel Brandon and Mr. Willoughby. She is attracted to young, handsome, romantically spirited Willoughby and does not think much of the older, more reserved Colonel Brandon. In nineteenth century women had to be suppressed and modest. They were not allowed to show their feelings and senses openly. When they did that, everybody gossiped and talked about that slightingly. The roles of women were keeping the house clean and raise the children. If they were in the middle or lower class they had to cook, wash and clean, but if they were in the upper class, there were servants for that. They did not just sit with doing nothing, always they were backst...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
5 allalaadimist
35
doc

Jahindus

EESTI MAAÜLIKOOL Metsandus- ja maaehitusinstituut Metsakasvatuse osakond Marika Kallemaa JAHIMEESTE STAATUS ÜHISKONNAS JA SEDA MÕJUTAVAD FAKTORID Bakalaureusetöö loodusvarade kasutamise ja kaitse erialal Juhendaja dotsent Tiit Randveer Tartu 2009 Olen koostanud töö iseseisvalt. Kõik töös kasutatud teiste autorite tööd ning andmeallikad on viidatud. Käesolevaga kinnitan, et annan lõputöö tulemuste suhtes oma intellektuaalomandi varalised õigused üle Eesti Maaülikoolile. 01.06.2009 / Marika Kallemaa ........................................... kuupäev /nimi / allkiri / Juhendaja 01.06.2009 / Tiit Randveer ............................................ 2 kuupäev /nimi / allkiri Eesti Maaülikool Bakalaureusetöö lühikokkuvõ...

Keskkonna kaitse - Eesti Maaülikool
94 allalaadimist
2
txt

Surmanuhtlus

Ebaiglast kohut on minevikus hulganisti nhtud ja ei j see ngemata tulevikuski. Eelmistest erineb kttemaksu kontsept. Selle peamine sisu on mitte kuritegu vltida, vaid tasuda ktte vritikitumise eest, s.o kurjategijale ktte maksta. Videtakse, et iglus nuab kttemaksu ja hiskond nitab selle lbi oma hukkamistu. Nii oleks surmanuhtlus hiskondlike normide peegeldus. I've paid close attention to this issue. Unfortunately, not yet rahuaegset the death penalty in all countries in the Baltic countries belonging to the Board have been abolished. I've often been faced with the argument that public opinion is against the death penalty and the time is not yet ripe for this purpose. For and against The most common pooltvide the death penalty is the need for society. Indeed, the deterrent is the law and order. According scarytheory is necessary for the welfare of society to kill rioter, crowd of other people, a similar time to send something back to the idea. There have been countless studies, but none of them are proven, the death penalty would actually be an effective scary effect. In fact, quite the contrary is suggestive evidence: getting evens measures may have a negative impact on violent society, morality and the death penalty may increase aggression and even brutal and change society. Another against says that if the offender is killed, he can not no longer the second time the crime was committed (the so-called perpetual incapacitation). This is true while others penal fettles,isolating the offender of a society is the death penalty in front of at least one advantage. In particular, they will be even partly to avoid the legal system in spite of everything coming down osutumist fatal error. The death penalty, however, delete both of these lifecandles, who has been...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
37 allalaadimist
3
doc

John Maynard Keynes ja Paul Anthony Samuelson

juuni 1883 - 21. aprill 1946) John Maynard Keynes on silmapaistev inglise majandusteadlane, ajakirjanik, Inglismaa rahandusministeeriumi nõustaja. Teda peetakse ka tänapäevase makroökonoomika rajajaks. Elulugu Keynes sündis 1883 aastal puritaanlikus kodus. Keynesi koolitee läks läbi Etoni poistekooli King Kolledzisse. Keynes oli ülikooli üks silmapaistvamaid ja mitmekülgsemaid tudengeid. Ülikooliaega jäi kuulumine Apostlite ühingusse ja Bloombury gruppi, mille boheemlaslikud ja anti-puritaanlikud ideed mõjutasid kogu Briti kultuuri. Keynes ei tahtnud õppida Cambridges ei matemaatikat ega majandusteadust, ometi sundisid tema töölemineku kavatsused temalt matemaatika eksami tulemust. Peale eksami edukat sooritamist, hakkas Keynes ka majandusteaduse vastu huvi tundma. 1906 peale töötamist India Kontoris Londonis, tuli Keynes Kings Kolledzisse tagasi, kun...

Majandus - Keskkool
31 allalaadimist
54
doc

Kodanikuõpetuse kursus

Kodanikuõpetus II kursusele RIIK Riik on avalik-õiguslik organisatsioon, mis oma õiguskorra loomisel ja sellel korral põhinevates võimuavaldustes on oma territooriumil piiramatu ja rahvusvahelistes suhetes sõltumatu igast muust võimust. Riigi mõiste (status ­ ladina k `seisukord, seisund, olukord' inglise state, saksa der Staat ) Euroopas kasutusele keskaja lõpul ja uusaja alguses. Antiikajal kasutati mõisteid politeia (kreeka `kodanikkond', `kodanikkonna osavõtt linnriigi elust' poliitika) , civitas (ladina `linn', `kodanikkond') ning res publica (ladina `avalikud asjad', `poliitika'). Mõiste status väljendab sotsiaalset süsteemi, organisatsiooni. Keskseks muutus võim ja selle teostamine. Riik peab kindlustama ja arendama seda korda, mis parasjagu kehtib, kaitsma oma huve teiste riikide ees. Peab olema kolm põhitunnust: 1) maa-ala ehk territoorium 2) rahvas e elanikkond Jagu...

Ühiskonnaõpetus - Keskkool
127 allalaadimist


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