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"relevantly" - 1 õppematerjal


Keelefilosoofia raamat

"Sam acts like a gorilla" and "Merle eats like a pig" are correctly expressed and understood despite the fact that the two stereotypes are respectively simian and porcine slanders, because, in the similes, "gorilla" and "pig" are themselves being used figuratively rather than literally. But Fogelin's picture of "trimming the feature space" presupposes or at least strongly suggests that the features relevantly shared by, say, Churchill and a bulldog are possessed literally by each of the two. And in that sense, on Fogelin's theory a metaphor must still bottom out in a literal sharing of genu- ine properties. In examples such as Searle's (in which the stereotype is just wrong) it is far from obvious what the properties would be.9 Second, consider that many sentences individually admit of either literal or metaphorical interpretation. ("Adolf is a...

Filosoofia - Tartu Ülikool
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