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"Religious" - 292 õppematerjali

3
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Suurbritannia ajalugu ingl. k

) the Battle of Hastings William the Conqueror a new AngloNorman state the feudal system introduced the rule of the king and church strengthened centralised country, military rule Scotland, Wales and Ireland conquered Norman castles built spoke Norman French 1170 the murder of Archbischop Thomas a Becket in Canterbury Cathedral ( the religious centre of England & the Anglican church of the whole world ) late 12th century : Robin Hood 1215 the Magna Carta ( personal and political liberty, signed by the king & the barons ) The first legal document! 1337 : the Hundred Year's War 1348 the Black Death 14551485 : the Wars of the Roses for the throne of England, fought by two parts of the Royal family: House of Lancaster(red rose) and the House of York(white rose) House of York won > Henry Tudor became Henry VII The Tudors 16th c. a lively period : new learning, sea exploration, naval victories, trade expansion 1588 : the sinking of the Spanish armada ( Sir Francis Drake naval leader, first Englishman to sail around the world Walter Raleigh : explorer of America, brought potatoes &tobacco to England Powerful Tudor Monarchs: 14911547 Henry VIII had 6 wives ( the secoond was Anne Boleyn ) established the church of England ( ProtestantAnglican ) and became its head...

Ajalugu - Keskkool
29 allalaadimist
4
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Home reading - Veracruz

Since Spanish colonial times the harbor at the city of Veracruz has been the point of entry for diverse cultures ­ either staging invasions or seeking a share in the state's abundant resources.these newcomers ­ Spaniards, Africans, Greeks, Italians and Cubans ­ blended with the indigenous people to create a mélange of traditions that are unique to Veracruz. Long before Cortes these tropical lowlands wwewe the domain of the Olmec,Mesoamerica's oldest civikization, which rose to prominence 3,000 years ago, developing religious ideas, mathematical concepts and a calendar system that would be adopted later by the Maya and Aztec. Master carvers, the Olmec disappeared mysteriously around 400 b.c.,leaving behind gigantic asalt heads believed to represent their rulers.Most a...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
21 allalaadimist
1
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Tolerance.

Manners that disrespect or hurt others, like being mean or bullying, or manners that break social rules, like lying or stealing, should not be tolerated. Tolerance is about accepting people for who they are -- not about accepting bad behavior. Tolerance also means treating others the way you would like to be treated. Nobody wants to be mocked or even be a victim of physical violence. In reality, we have no idea how much pain our small insignificant words can cause. We may think we are strong, but we fought inconsiderate of the fact, that not all are as strong as us. A person, who has sustained constant mocking in matters, which he might not be the one to blame, might be smiling on the outside, but going through hell on the inside. And hell is definitely not the place we would like to find ourselves. That points us to the fact that religious people are often persecuted and even the Bible says, that the life of a Christian is no picnic, you have to stand above mockery and the fact that you may be rejected from the society. Of course there are many people who think differently. The facts that Christians burned heretics, tortured thousands of innocent people until they confessed to something they did not do and that Christianity goes against science makes us difficult to be tolerant. Some of us may have a question: "Why should we be kind to them if they have done so much bad to us?" There are no us or they. We all have our good and bad sides. However evolution doesn't like tolerance. Tolerance means, that we will accept all abnormalities and freaks. It will corrupt our system and stop evolution in its tracks. Already human average IQ is falling due to too tolerant habitat for people. For a conclusion I must say that we should be considerate with everybody. We all are d...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
29 allalaadimist
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Inglise keelt kõnelevate maade ajaloo eksamiküsimused

It is one of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world and is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones. The surrounding circular, earth bank and ditch, have been dated to about 3100 BC. Stonehenge was produced by a culture with no written language. Many aspects of Stonehenge remain subject to debate. There is little or no direct evidence for the construction techniques used by the Stonehenge builders. *The Celts in Britain and their legacy ­ The Cets lived in Britain in The Iron Age. They were warring tribes who were battleful amongst themselves as well as inter-tribal war. They were not centrally governed. The Celts brought iron working, iron ploughs and metal swords, horses, wheels and chariots - all these things gave them an instant superiority over the native tribes. The Celts built a number...

Inglise keel kõnelevate maade... - Tartu Ülikool
257 allalaadimist
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Topic - Estonia

Introduction Estonia is a small country about the size of Switzerland, or New Hampshire and Massachussetts combined. Estonia is named after the people called "Ests" who lived in the region in the 1 st century AD. The Republic of Estonia is one of the three countries commonly known as the "Baltic States". The other Baltic States are Latvia and Lithuania. 2. Geographical position Estonia is situated in northeastern Europe. Estonia is bounded on the north by the Gulf of Finland, on the east by Russia, on the south by Latvia and on the west by the Baltic Sea. In the north it borders on Finland. The coastline of the Baltic Sea in Estonia is characterized by numerous gulfs and bays, the biggest of them being the Gulf of Finland, the Gulf of Riga and the Gulf of Pärnu. Bays include the Narva Bay, Matsalu Bay, Kolga Bay, Kunda Bay, Tallinn Bay etc. E...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
68 allalaadimist
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Topic - Health

Introduction Health is the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of an organism at both the cellular and social level. In the medical field, health is commonly defined as an organism's ability to succesfully respond to challenges and effectively restore and keep a so-called ,,state of balance". 2. History · Early hospitals During the Middle Ages the hospital could serve other functions, such as an almshouse for the poor, or hostel for pilgrims. In ancient cultures, religion and medicine were linked. The earliest known institutions aiming to provide cure were Egyptian temples. Greek temples dedicatedto the healer-god, might admit the sick, who would wait for guidance from the god in a dream. The Romans adopted this worship. The Sri Lankans are perhaps responsible for introducing theconcept ofdedicated hospitals to the world. According to an ancient chronicle, written in the 6 th centur...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
28 allalaadimist
6
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Topic - Sport

Introduction For some people sport plays a very important part in their lives. And to some, it is even a way of life. There are different kinds of sports. For instance, there are sports meant for playing indoors, some can be practised only at a certain time of year. There are winter and summer sports also. Skiing, figure-skating, sledding and snowboarding ­ these four most popular are practised during winter. Good examples of summer sports are: swimming, badminton, roller skating and golf. 2. The ancient Olympic Games The first recorded Olympic Games took place in 776. B.C. at Olympia but the city may have functioned as a meeting place for worship and other political practices many years earlier. The city is located in western Greece. The games were held every four years. It is also presumed that such competitions pleased the s...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
34 allalaadimist
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The Middle Ages

,,Factories" in different places in Europe. Wages rose faster than the prices, but signs of future social & econimic crisis (more sheep, less foof crops, fences). In the 15th cent. A new middle class in towns was developing. Most merchants were well educated, considered themselves equals of the esquires & gentlemen of the countryside. The lawyers were another class of city people. In London they were considered equal in importance to the big merchants & clots manufacturers. By the end of the Middle Ages the more successful of these lawyers, merchants, clots manufacturers, exporters, esquires, gentlemen and yeomen farmers were forming a class of people with interests in both ton & country. This was also true in Wales & Scotland. This class was literate. Created a new atmosphere. Questioned the way in which the Church & the state were organised, for both religious & practical reasons. Believed it was partly because it was not economically practical. They also questioned the value of the feudal system, because it didn't create wealth. The development of Parliament showed the beginnings of new relationship between the middle class & the king. Ed I had wanted his Parliament to provide him with money, but when Ed III asked for money from his Parliament, they asked to see royal accounts. For the first time the king allowed himself to be ,,accountable" to Parliament. Merchants & country gentlemen were anxious to influence the king's politics both at home & abroadin order to protect their interests. The alliance between esquires & merchants made Parliament more powerful & separated the Commons more & more from the Lords. Many European countries had the same kinds of Parliaments at this time, but in most cases these disappeared when feudalism died out. In England the death of feudalism helped to s...

British history (suurbritannia... - Keskkool
20 allalaadimist
5
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Christmas in different countrys(jõulud erinevates maades)

Children think of the Three Wise Man as the gift bearers. Tradition has it that they arrive on January 6th, the date the Wise Men gave gifts to Jesus. Shoes are filled with straw or barley for the tired camels that must carry their riders through the busy night. By morning the camel food is gone and in place of the straw or barley are presents. Shoes also may be placed on balconies on the night of the 6th January in the hope that the Wise Men will fill them with gifts. Most homes have a manger, like cathedrals and churches. These are complete with carved figures. During the weeks before Christmas, families gather around their manger to sing, whilst children play tambourines and dance. The Spanish especially honor the cow at Christmas because it is thought that when Mary gave birth to Jesus the cow in the stable breathed on the Baby Jesus to keep him warm. Christmas is a deeply religious holiday in Spain. The country's patron saint is the Virgin Mary and the Christmas season officially begins December 8, the feast of the Immaculate Conception. It is celebrated each year in front of the great Gothic cathedral in Seville with a ceremony called los Seises or the "dance of six." Oddly, the elaborate ritual dance is now performed by not six but ten elaborately costumed boys. It is a series of precise movements and gestures and is said to be quite moving and beautiful. Christmas Eve is known as Nochebuena or "the Good Night." It is a time for family members to gather together to rejoice and feast around the Nativity scenes that are present in nearly every home. A traditional Christmas treat is turron, a kind of almond candy. December 28 is the feast of the Holy Innocents. Young boys of a town or village light bonfires and one of them acts as the mayor who orders townspeople to perform civic chores such as sweeping the...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
37 allalaadimist
6
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Social Problems

There are many ways in which behaviour can be controlled without having to resort to the criminal justice system. Indeed, in those cases where there is no clear consensus on the given norm, the use of criminal law by the group in power to prohibit the behaviour of another group may be considered an improper limitation of the second group's freedom, and the ordinary members of society may lose some of their respect for the law in general whether the disputed law is actively enforced or not. Legislatures pass laws (called mala prohibita) that define crimes which violate social norms. These laws vary from time to time and from place to place: note variations in gambling laws, for example. Other crimes, called mala in se, are nearly universally outlawed, such as murder, theft and rape. Religion and crime Socially accepted or imposed religious morality has influenced secular jurisdictions on issues that may otherwise concern only an individual's conscience. Examples of activities that have been criminalized on religious grounds include alcohol-consumption (prohibition), abortion and stem cell research. In various historical and present-day societies institutionalized religions have established systems of earthly justice which punish crimes against the divine will and specific devotional, organizational and other rules under specific codes, such as Islamic sharia or Roman Catholic canon law. Homelessness Homelessness is the condition and social category of people who lack housing, because they cannot afford, or are otherwise unable to maintain, regular, safe, and adequate shelter. The term "homelessness" may also include people whose primary nighttime residence is in a homeless shelter, in an institution that provides a temporary residence for individuals in...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
70 allalaadimist
22
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Bridges presentation

Foreword Bridging rivers, gorges, narrows, straits, and valleys always has played an important role in the history of human settlement. Since ancient times, bridges have been the most visible testimony of the noble craft of engineers. A bridge can be defined in many ways, but Andrea Palladio, the great 16th century Italian architect and engineer, hit on the essence of bridge building when he said "...bridges should befit the spirit of the community by exhibiting commodiousness, firmness, and delight." In more practical terms, he went on to explain that the way to avoid having the bridge carried away by the violence of water was to make the bridge without fixing any posts in the water. Since the beginning of time, the goal of bridge builders has been to create as wide a span as possible which is commodious, firm, and occasionally delightful. Spanning greater distances is a distinct measure...

Inglise keel - Tallinna Tehnikaülikool
93 allalaadimist
1
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Hemingway and Picasso

His genius as an artist was recognized by many peaople, but others were shocked by his strange and powerful paintings. He is best known for co-founding the Cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles embodied in his work.. One of his most famous portraits was of the American writer Gertrude Stein. His work changed ideas about art around the world. Picasso married twice and also had many mistresses. He had 4 children. Picasso created over 6,000 paintings, drawings and sculptures. Today picasso costs milllion pounds. He died of heart failure during an attack of influenza in 1973. Ernest Hemingway Ernest Miller Hemingway was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. He was born in 21 July 1899. He was the second of six children. His family was very strict and religious . His father taught his children a love of nature and the outdoor life. His mother taught him a love of music and art. At the school he wrote for school newspaper. He didn't do to college. He worked for the Star newspaper in Kansas City. Hemingway was fascinated by war. He had wanted to become a soldier but couldn't because he had poor eyesight. He became ana ambulance driver and was sent to Italy, where he was wounded. In the 1930s he became a war correspondent in the World W...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
14 allalaadimist
4
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The Queens of England

Mary I Mary I, called Mary Tudor (1516-1558), Queen of England (1553-1558). Mary was born in London on February 18, 1516, the daughter of Henry VIII by his first wife, Catherine of Aragón. Because Henry divorced Catherine, Mary was declared illegitimate. Nonetheless, Henry included her in his will, and on the death of her half-brother, Edward VI, on July 6, 1553, she became the legal heir to the throne. Although Lord High Chamberlain John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, favoured the succession of his daughter-in-law, Lady Jane Grey, and proclaimed her queen on July 10, the country supported Mary. As a Roman Catholic, Mary began her reign by sweeping away t...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
14 allalaadimist
1
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Images of China

gol invaders. The Great Wall of China boasts with its lenght of 6400km and it is even recognisable for the outer space. It was really hard to build a massive wall on landscape so diverse. The northern part of China is quite mountainous and covered by huge deserts. On the other hand the southern part is famous for its enormous rainforests. The Chinese people are know as really kind and helpful people and they are also known as tiny people. China is one of the biggest count...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
9 allalaadimist
1
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How far can we go being tolerant?

It is the ability to see things from the other side, capability to take our companions as equal and bravery to show out all those things. Just like all valuable things are uncommon, tolerance is rare too. It is caused by the fact that comparing to the previous centuries people have changed more self-centered and envious, forgetting others around. Tolerance as a characteristic feature is an acknowledged ideal in today`s modern society. The democratic state is based on tolerance. Over the last few years the attitude against ethnic monorities has been a frequently discussed topic in Estonia. Russians, who settled in Estonia during the USSR occupation are causing economical, racial and religious conflicts between them and Estonians. Although Estonians don't have any particular reason why we don't accept Russians as equals, we are used to just unaccept them. Religous percecution is a serious side of intolerance. Jew-baiting has been the bitterest case in history. Their percecution was caused by their antichristian beliefs and holding on to their own religion. Its culmination came during the World War II, when the massive Jew-baiting took place, known as the Holocaust. People's, who obeyed Adolf Hitler, tolerance changed to a very cruel way of intolerance. Very hot topic is also discrimination and not accepting homosexuals. Despite of that, many countries have allowed people with different sexual orientations to get married and even adopt children. There have even been gay parades even in Estonia, not to mention the ones that have been organised in world capitals like Rome and Berlin. Tough it is surrounded with...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
17 allalaadimist
1
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Pros and Cons of the Capital Punishment

The death penalty is a controversial issue in most countries, but it is completely abolished in our country. Arguments for and against it are based on moral, practical, religious and emotional groups. On the one hand, there are advocates of the death penalty, who argue that it deters crime, improves community by making them sure, that convicted criminals would never find their way out onto the streets to offend again and it is cheaper than keeping convicted criminals in high security prison for the rest of their natural lives. On the other hand, there are opponents of the death penalty claim that `capital punishment cheapens human's life and government on the same low moral level as criminals who have taken life.` personally, I strongly support this idea. I think, that the government must be smarter and invent some kind of punishment, that would satisfy the wishes of the families and friends of murder victims and at the same time, this punishment should not be a crime. From my point of view, death penalty is the same crime like a simple murder, but it is legal, because the part of murderer plays the gov...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
29 allalaadimist
2
rtf

Valsustusajastu

Describe the main ideas of the European Enlightenment? Enlightenment as a term took into use germans philosopher Immanuel Kant in one of his articles,in 1784,but enlightenment as a way of thinking was established even earlier.The Enlightenment was a period after the Renaissance where philosophers and scientists began to question previous ideas, which explains the motto of the enlightenment, "Dare to know", created by Kant.With this kind of terminology,enlighteners wanted to express human race exit from the mental blindness.Maiden enlightenment philosophers lived on the 17th century,its glory continued till the 19th century.The powerful Enlightenment ideas of the eighteenth century, concerning reason and natural law, spread widely throughout Europe and its colonies and gave hope to many people for future progress and reform. Sience development was the main reasons and it gave the push to enlightenment.It put hesitate in old belives a...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
6 allalaadimist
1
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Victorian age

How would you in general terms characterise the period of Queen Victoria's reign? What were the major changes in technology, education, government, social areas, etc and how did they change the mindset of the British people? 2. Why is the Victorian period often compared to the Elizabethan period? In terms of size how would you describe the British Empire? Why was such an enormity needed at all? 3. Why did the Victorian's develop a doubt in religious matters? What were the new discoveries that triggered the questioning in religious faith? Who were David Livingston and Charles Darwin? What were their ideas like? 4. Describe the main social issues of Victorian Britain? How were they depicted in literature? (workhouses, slums, child labour, disease, etc) 5. What ideas and reforms were behind the 'woman question'? Describe the three types of the Victorian women, their roles and development throughout time? 6. Self-help books and the ideology behind them? 7. What is literary realism (definition, development)? Who were the writers whose style is best characterised by this term? 8. Victorian poetry: the dilemmas between aesthetics and morality. Tennyson and Browning, the Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood: main subjects and ways of writing poetry 9. The Development and role of the novel. Social novels: themes, ideas. 10. Charles...

Inglise kirjandus - Keskkool
10 allalaadimist
2
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Kolosseum

Report of Colosseum Koostaja: Maiki Joakit Colosseum or Roman Coliseum, originally the Flavian Amphitheatre (Latin: Amphitheatrum Flavium, Italian Anfiteatro Flavio or Colosseo), is an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering.Occupying a site just east of the Roman Forum, its construction started between 70 and 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD under Titus, with further modifications being made during Domitian's reign (81­96). The name "Amphitheatrum Flavium" derives from both Vespasian's and Titus's family name (Flavius, from the gens Flavia).Capable of seating 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. As well as the gladiatorial games, other public spectacles were held there, such as mock sea b...

Uurimistöö - Keskkool
12 allalaadimist
22
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American Literature Portfolio

S used language creatively. · Mid to late 18 century ­ put down · Words are powerful, magical · Words must be remembered · Native Americans stories ­ creation of the world · Attidude thought their land/language · Similar stories Dates and names · America was discovered in 1492 by Columbus · 1497 ­ John Cabot went to Canada · 1579 ­ San Fransisco/St. Fransis · 1607 ­ Jamestown collony/John Smith · 1620 ­ a boat called MayFlower · 1630 ­ Boston was established · 1636 ­ Harvard University · 1773 ­ Boston Teaparty · 1775 ­ War of Independence · 1776 ­ 4 July Declaration of Independence · First President ­ George Washington Christopher Columbus Chris...

Uurimistöö - Keskkool
36 allalaadimist


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