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" toompea castle" - 27 õppematerjali

4
doc

Old Tallinn

The frist settlements on the coast of Northern Estonia appeared at the end of the 10th century,when the Estonians established a stronghold in the neighborhood of a favorable port- on the hill of Toompea . The dominants of that time are preserved in their medieval from : churches, public buildings,the Town Hall with the square in of it and the order castle on the hill of Toompea. The O ld Town is the spiritual centre of Estonia with the most important shrines,museums and its historical heritage. The Old Town has surprise for the one-day tourist as well as for its own citizens who have walked the streets of the medieval city for decates. Ten face of the Old Town  Vibrant old town The Old Town Has Never become a museum exhibit of frozen time or dusty walls.  Musical city Music fits into old town.During the Old Town Days you can find musicians everywhere.  Forever – young city Youth and beauty are a math for the Old Town .The youthfulness of the ancient town is strikingly visible during the Old Town Days.  Impressions and expressions Calm and bening superiority to everyday problems reflects in the f...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
1 allalaadimist
18
pptx

TALLINN

TALLINN Karl-Markus Koskor Location northern coast of the country Things to see • Toompea castle • Town Hall Square • Kadrorg Palace • St.Catherine Passage • Zoo • Old Town Things to do • Seaplane Harbour • KUMU Art museum • Tallinn TV Tower • Russalka Accommodation • Viru Hotel • Kreutzwald Hotel • Hotel Ülemiste • Tähetorn Hotel • Kalev Sba& Waterpark Shopping • Ülemiste • Kristiine • Norde Centrum • Sikupilli • Stockmann ...

Inglise keel -
1 allalaadimist
18
sxi

TALLINN

LOCATION ● Europe ● on the coast of the Baltic Sea ● North-Estonia ● Harju county FACTS ● capital city of Estonia ● largest city in Estonia ● population 435,000 ● area 156 km² ● previous name - Reval HISTORY ● first marked on the map in 1154 ● Danish rule started in 1219 ● 1285 - member of the Hanseatic League ● 1345 - Danes sold Tallinn to the Teutonic Order ATTRACTIONS ● Toompea Castle ● Old Town ● Town Hall ● Kadriorg - beautiful park ● City Centre - medieval churches, modern towers OLD TOWN ● listed in the UNESCO world heritage list ● built up from the 13th to 16th centuries ● old Hanseatic town ● surrounded by huge walls ● many towers, narrow streets TOWN HALL ● on the Town Hall Square ● built in 1402-1404 ● oldest in the Baltic region and Scandinavia ● tower height is 64 m ATTRACTIONS Old Town Town Hall ATTRACTIONS Park Kadriorg City Centre Thank you for listening! ...

Inglise keel -
1 allalaadimist
4
docx

Old Tallinn

The sheltered bay and the easily defended Toompea Hill made it a natural place to settle. Sometime about 1050 A.D. a fortress was built atop the hill, the first of many. In 1219 the Danes showed up as part of the Northern Crusade to subjugate the Baltics and convert the local pagans to Christianity whether they wanted to or not. The Danes improved the fortifications and expanded the town, which became part of the Hanseatic League, a trading organization of a hundred northern cities. The Danes sold Tallinn to the Livonan Order, a branch of the Teutonic Knights, in 1346. The Swedes came next in 1561. Tallinn weathered plague and the Great Northern War and became part of Russia in 1710. In 1918, Estonia declared independence from Russia and fought a bitter war against Bolshevik Russia. Independence didn’t last long, however, and the fledgling nation fell first to the Nazis and then the Soviets during World War II. Despite all this conquering, Tallinn’s historic core has survived rem...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
1 allalaadimist
4
docx

Giidinduse vanalinna ehitiste kokkuvõte

● Koluvan - found in old Russian chronicles, the name possibly deriving from the Estonian mythical hero Kalev ● Reval - used after 1219; comes from two german words ‘reh’ and ‘fall’, meaning the falling of the deer - as they fall down the Toompea hill, probably when escaping from the Danish occupation or just the hunters. ● Tallinn - used after Estonia gained its independence in 1918, origin is definitely estonian; meaning Taani-linn, tali- linn. Liberty Square ● The central square of Tallinn, it was renovated in 2008. There used to be Harju gate, which can now be seen through glass. ● The statue of Liberty, 2009; represents freedom, Estonia has been under many foreign powers, starting with Danes, Sweden, German and Russia. The clock of liberty, 2004. Kiek in de Kök ● The cannon tower, founded in 1475-1483. Kiika kööki, peek into the kitchen, from up there it was possible to peek into the enemy’s kitchen. The walls are 4 m thick, can see the cannons stuck in there. Tallinn City Museum. ● Town Wall (Unesco) - one of the greatest towers of Tallinn’s Town Wall, Old Town declared the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997...

Äriinglise keel - Keskkool
1 allalaadimist
8
docx

Giidindus Final Test kordamine

Legend says the Toompea Hill is actually the tumulus mound of the great Kalev. Linda carried rocks to his grave. It is a naturally- formed limestone hill. Lower Town was a merchantile centre, Tallinn also belonged to the Hansaetic League (1285). It is often referred to as the town of citizens. Any grown-up, married and economically independent person, born in a legal marriage between two free people and having lived in the town for at least 3 months, could apply to the Magistracy for citizenship. Serfs could escape from serdom after having successfully hidden in town for a year and a day. Two parts remained separated until the end of the 19th century. Four Names Lyndanise - mentioned by Henricus de Lettis in his Chronicle; derives from the name Linda - the wife of Kalev and mother of Kalevipoeg Koluvan - mentioned in Russian chronicles; derives from the hero Kalev from our national epic Reval - comes from the German words “REH” and “FALL”, mean...

Giidindus - Keskkool
5 allalaadimist
2
pdf

The Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn

The city developed as a significant centre of the Hanseatic League during the major period of activity of this great trading organization in the 13th-16th centuries. The combination of the upper town on the high limestone hill and the lower town at its foot with many church spires forms an expressive skyline that is visible from a great distance both from land and sea. The upper town (Toompea) with the castle and the cathedral has always been the administrative centre of the country, whereas the lower town preserves to a remarkable extent the medieval urban fabric of narrow winding streets, many of which retain their medieval names, and fine public and burgher buildings, including town wall, Town Hall, pharmacy, churches, monasteries, merchants' and craftsmen' guilds, and the domestic architecture of the merchants' houses, which have survived to a remarkable degree. The distribution of building plots survives virtually intact from the 13th-14th centuries. The Outstanding Universal Value of the Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn is demonstrated in its existence as an outstanding, exceptionally complete and well preserved example of a medieval northern European trading city that retains the salient features of this unique form of economic and social community to a remarkable degree. Criterion (ii): The Historic Cen...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
2 allalaadimist


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