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" russia" - 400 õppematerjali

russia - in.ru 4. www.meet-moscow.ru
1
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Hüdroenergia - ettekanne

Global energy use has risen by 70% since 1971 and continues to increase at the rate of 2% per year. There are many scenarios for future demand. One solution would be to use more hydropower. In 2005, renewable energy represented one-fifth of total power generation. Hydropower is the most advanced of the renewable and represents 87% of this production. 160 countries all over the world are using hydropower. Five countries make up more than half of the world's hydropower production. Those countries are: Brazil,Canada, China, Russia and the USA. (Production) *Most of the energy comes from the potential energy of dammed water driving a water turbine and generator. In this case the energy extracted from the water depends on the volume and on the difference in height between the source and the water's outflow. *Pumped storage hydroelectricity produces electricity to supply high peak demands by moving water between reservoirs at different elevations. At times of low electrical demand, excess generation capacity is used to pump water into the reservoir. And when there is a big demand, like in the evenings, then the water is released and flows through the turbines. there are many Advantages for hydropower. *The mayor advantage of hydroelectricity is eliminating the cost of fuel. You don't have to fear about the increasing cost of fossil fuels like oil and natural gas. *The second advantage is that hydroelectric plants last longer than fuel-fired plants. Some hydro...

Inglise keel - Tartu Ülikool
27 allalaadimist
22
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Bridges presentation

The Iron Bridge was followed by a succession of cast-iron arches built throughout Europe. Few cast-iron arch bridges were built in the USA as the iron truss, derived from wooden forms, was preferred. One iron arch, however, merits mention, as it is the oldest iron bridge in America. Dunlaps Creek Bridge (1839), designed by Captain Richard Delafield of the Army Corps of Engineers for the National Road in Brownsville, Pennsylvania, survives to this day, still carrying traffic (Figure 7). Because the material could be moulded into elaborate shapes, extravagantly decorative iron arches were used for pedestrian bridges on the grounds of estates and imperial palaces, such as Catherine the Great's Tsarskoye Selo in St Petersburg (Russia), or urban pleasure grounds, such as Central Park in New York City (USA). Both places have remarkable collections of cast-iron arch bridges. Figure 8 Royal Albert Bridge, Saltash, Cornwall (UK), was the last great enterprise of Isambard Kingdom Brunel, England's foremost Victorian engineer. This photograph served as the frontispiece to William Humber's A Complete Treatise on Cast and Wrought Iron Bridge Construction, published in 1864, and shows one of the great lenticular spans being jacked into place. It was 445ft (135m) long, consisting of a single wrought-iron elliptical tube upper chord and a curved bottom chord of linked eyebar chains connected by open truss bracing. The trusses were fabricated on shore, then floated into position and jacked into position over the Tamar. Institution of Civil Engineers, London Engineers in the 19th century improved the technology of sinking foundations to bedrock. Up until that time, coff...

Inglise keel - Tallinna Tehnikaülikool
93 allalaadimist
3
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Klassitsismi pildileht

The Oath of Horatii. 1784. Oil on canvas. 330 x 425 cm. Louvre, Paris, France. Esmakordselt on täide viidud kõik klassitsismi põhinõuded (jäljendati antiikkunsti, õilis rahu ja vaikne suurus). Sündmustik Rooma ajaloost. Tegevus koondatud maali esiplaanile. Jacques Louis David. View of the Garden of the Luxembourg Palace. 1794. Oil on canvas. 55 x 65 cm. Louvre, Paris, France. Koloriit kontrastne (ka valguselt ja tumeduselt). Maastik on kuiv ja vaese koloriidiga. Maatikumaal oli klassitsismi ajal...

Kunstiajalugu - Keskkool
21 allalaadimist
8
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Klassitsism

Haapsalu Kutsehariduskeskus Viljo Kozlovski A-IIb Klassitsism Referaat Juhendaja: Kaia Kullamaa 2009 Haapsalu Kutseharidukeskus Viljo Kozlovski 1. Klassitsism Klassitsism on 16.­19. sajandi kunstisuund, mis lähtus renessansiaja antiigiharrastusest ja avaldus paljude Euroopa maade arhitektuuris, kujutavas kunstis, kirjanduses, teatrikunstis ja muusikas.Toretsev barokk ja mänglev rokokoo kaotasid oma tähtsuse koos absolutistliku kuningavõimu kukutamisega Prantsusmaal. Võimule tõusnud kodanluse meelelaad oli kainem ja asjalikum, selles suunas arenes ka kunst. Aastatel 1770- 1830 Euroopa kunstis valitsenud stiili, mis püüdis jäljendada antiikkunsti, nimetatakse klassitsismiks. See on viimane stiil, mis haaras üheaegselt kõiki kunstiliike, rõhutades reeglipärasust ja tasakaalu, lihtsust ja selgust. Samu p...

Kunstiajalugu - Kutsekool
74 allalaadimist
2
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Estonian national holidays

Estonian national holidays Christmas Christmas , also referred to as Christmas Day, is an annual holiday celebrated on December 25 or January 7 that commemorates the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. Modern customs of the holiday include gift-giving, Church celebrations, and the display of various decorations--including the Christmas tree, lights, mistletoe, nativity scenes, and holly. In many countries there are many different types of decorations used depending on the traditions and available resources. However , in Estonia people bring Christmas tree in and decorate it with straw ,glass balls and candles. Estonians eat sauerkraut and black pudding. On the 24th December people leave work early, families gather, Santa Clouse comes , everybody gives gifts. People are very calm at Christmas time and they support each other. New Year's Eve New Year's Eve is on December 3...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
44 allalaadimist
2
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The Moon Is Down

One of his last published works was Travels with Charley, a travelogue of a road trip he took in 1960 to rediscover America. He died in 1968 in New York of a heart attack and his ashes are interred in Salinas. Seventeen of his works, including The Grapes of Wrath (1940), Cannery Row (1945), The Pearl (1947), and East of Eden (1952), went on to become Hollywood films (some appeared multiple times, and Steinbeck also achieved success as a Hollywood writer, receiving an Academy Award nomination for Best Story in 1944 for Alfred Hitchcock's Lifeboat. The Moon Is Down is a novella by John Steinbeck, an American author. The title refers to a nice phrase spoken by Banquo's son Fleance in Shakespeare's Macbeth. It was published in March of 1942. The story details a military occupation of a small town in Northern Europe by the army of an unnamed nation at war with England and Russia . A French language translation of the book was published illegally in Nazi-occupied France by Les Editions de Minuit, a French Resistance publishing house. Furthermore, numerous other editions were also secretly published across all of occupied Europe, including Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Dutch and Italian versions. It has appeared in at least 92 editions across the world Plot summary In the story, an invading force arrives at a coal mining town in Europe and North America and takes it over, only Dougie Smith can save them. Their goal is simple: to control the coal mine and organize increased production and exportation of coal. The occupiers soon find themselves in conflict with the townspeople as a resistance movement begins. They try to combat the resistance and force the inhabitants into submission, but realize the futility of this, as it becomes clear the war is lost. The Moon Is Down is a story one can view from both...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
17 allalaadimist
4
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Ei maksa karta Venemaad - Hansapanga näitel

aastal tekkis taasiseseisvunud Eesti pangandusmaastikule Hansapank, ei osanud vast mitte ükski tollasest elanikkonnast ennustada selle nii suurt edu ning ligi 8 miljardi Eesti krooni suurust 2007. aasta puhaskasumit. Nii see paraku läks ning praegu ollakse Rootsi Swedbank'i koosseisus ning omatakse suurimat turuosa kogu Baltikumis. Seda kõike ei oleks aga saavutatud üksnes Eesti turul opereerides, mistõttu võib juhtkonna otsuseid laieneda Läti ja Leedu Vabariiiki pidada ühtedeks olulisimaks Hansapanga ajaloos. 2004. aastal alustati ka sisenemist Venemaa turule, mis osutus eriti keeruliseks tiheda pangandussektori ning mitmesuguste barjääride tõttu ning mis pole tegelikult senini veel täielikult lõpule viidud. Probleem ei esinenud üksneis neil ning seetõttu analüüsingi käesolevaga Hansapanga näitel Venemaa pangandussek...

Majandus - Eesti Ettevõtluskõrgkool Mainor
29 allalaadimist
2
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Advantages and disadvantages of television

Television provides great opportunities for education. There are programmes devoted to specialised subjects. With the help of TV it is possible to learn foreign languages, to know a lot of wonderful things concerning the world flora and fauna. TV teaches the ideals of democracy and political argument. Watching television can be compared with reading books. It provides an outlet for creative talents. By the beginning of the 21-th century TV became a coloured world network. Numerous programmes people can receive by satellite or cable. The choice of the channels ranges from six to twenty. These channels show programmes of various kinds from documentaries, current events and sports to programmes American films and science fiction cartoons. Now this medium of communication allows people to see and speak with each other if they are separated by thousands of kilometres. TV bridges between Russia and the USA once were very popular. They showed that TV was a unifying force and that our planet in reality is a small world. Previously innovations were promoted on TV. TV shocked, surprised and stimulated. It brought ballet, opera, and theatre to big masses of people. It was even in the vanguard of new drama. Moreover, TV can keep children quiet. If they are noisy their mothers turn on the set. If people do not like TV they do not buy it or switch it off. At the same time there are a lot of arguments against TV. It is said that only three generations have grown up with television, but they managed to forget how to spend their free time without television. Its role is increasing not because it is an entertainer or informant, but because of the grip it has on many people. It is called a "living room monster" or "one-eyed monster." It is established that the biggest viewers are pensioners and housewives. The latter watch TV while their h...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
66 allalaadimist
1
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How to Make Tourism in Tallinn Profitable

In Estonia it is also developed really largely. First of all, the main what attracts people abroad ­ are journeys. People want to widen their outlook. Tallinn is the right place for tourists who want to get know about the medieval life in Europe. Here are such attractions as the Medieval Old Town, Kadriorg Park and Rusalka monument. These are the main places people usually want to visit. So, we must develop our tourism system. For example, make up some journey programmes with elements of the Estonian tales. That certainly attracts much more tourists in Tallinn. Moreover, Tallinn has the good benefit in its geographical location. Estonia is like a bridge or gate between Europe and Russia . And Tallinn is the heart of Estonia ­ its capital. Estonians could get some profits from such situation, but for some unknown reasons they did not d...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
33 allalaadimist
16
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Kriisikolded tänapäeva maailmas - referaat

PÄRNU ÜHISGÜMNAASIUM KRIISIKOLDED TÄNAPÄEVA MAAILMAS REFERAAT Koostaja: 9. klass Juhendaja: PÄRNU 2009 Sisukord: Sissejuhatus........................................................................3 Iraagi sõda...........................................................................4 Afganistani sõda.................. ................................................5 Gruusia sõda.........................................................................6 Lähis-Ida konfliktid..............................................................7-8 Sudaani kriis........................................................................9 Somaalia kodusõda...............................................................10 Sri Lanka kodusõda...

Ajalugu - Põhikool
165 allalaadimist
1
doc

Crime in Estonia

In December 2006, it was estimated that Estonian criminals were responsible for 140 robberies of jewellery and watch stores in Finland, the Netherlands, Portugal, Italy, Spain, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Denmark, and Sweden during the last three years. The value of the lost property is estimated to be 25 million Euros.[1] Today transnational Estonian organised crime is predominantly about smuggling drugs, alcohol, and other illegal or high-tax goods from Russia to Finland, Sweden, and elsewhere in the Baltic Sea. Estonia is a relatively safe country, although there are some situations, where people should be more careful ­ crime has been increased lately. We could count different type of crimes, but most common are smuggling and robberies. Many people like something, what do not belong to them. On the one hand,...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
64 allalaadimist
8
doc

inglise keeles Eesti tutvustus: Project: Estonia

Project ESTONIA MAP OF ESTONIA Southern Viljandimaa The southern part of Viljandi county catches the eye with its sublime scenery. The area today lies in the very heart of the historical Mulgimaa ­ the home of hills, deep valleys and lakes brought together by a beauty spot Halliste primeval valley. According to several folk tales, it is also in these valleys, woods and bogs that Old Nick found refuge.The great variety displayed in the nature is also reflected in the local cultural heritage. At the beginning of the 19th century growing linen spread and became the basis of the legendary wealth of Mulgi farms. The ancient barn-dwellings and decaying manor houses are the mute witnesses of those times. The riches and cultural heritage of Mulgimaa owe to the diligence and tenacity of the local people. Village handicraftsmen and masters have always been honoured. Mulgikapsad (stewed sauerkraut with barley gro...

inglise teaduskeel - Keskkool
20 allalaadimist
17
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"Anna Karenina" kokkuvõte

Karenin asks her to break off the affair to avoid society gossip and believes that their relationship can then continue as previously. Kitty goes with her mother to a resort at a German spa to recover from her ill health. There they meet the Pietist Madame Stahl and the saintly Varenka, her adopted daughter. Influenced by Varenka, Kitty becomes extremely pious, but is disillusioned by her father`s criticism. She then returns to Moscow. Part 3 Levin continues his work on his large country estate, a setting closely tied to his spiritual thoughts and struggles. Levin wrestles with the idea of falseness, wondering how he should go about ridding himself of it, and criticising what he feels is falseness in others. He develops ideas relating to agriculture and the unique relationship between the agricultural labourer and his native land and culture. He believes that the agricultural reforms of Europe will not work in Russia because of the unique culture and personality of the Russian peasant. Stiva stays with Levin on his country estate when he makes a sale of a plot of land, to provide funds for his expensive city lifestyle. Levin is upset at the poor deal he makes with the buyer and his lack of understanding of the rural lifestyle. Levin pays Dolly a visit, and she attempts understand what happened between him and Kitty and to explain Kitty's behaviour to him. Levin is very agitated by Dolly's talk about Kitty, and he begins to feel distant from her as he perceives her behaviour towards her children as false. Levin resolves to forget Kitty and contemplates the possibility of marriage to a peasant woman. However, a chance sighting of Kitty in her carriage as she travels to Dolly's house makes Levin realise he still loves her. In St. Petersburg, Karenin exasperates Anna by refusing to separate from her. He insists that their relationship remain as it...

Kirjandus - Keskkool
322 allalaadimist
5
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All about High Tech

There is no specific class of technology that is high tech--the definition shifts over time--so products hyped as high tech in the 1960s would now be considered, if not exactly low tech, then at least somewhat obsolete. This fuzzy definition has led to marketing departments describing nearly all new products as high tech. Economy Because the high-tech sector of the economy develops or uses the most advanced technology known, it is often seen as having the most potential for future growth. This perception has led to high investment in high-tech sectors of the economy. High-tech startup enterprises receive a large portion of venture capital. However, if, as has happened in the past, investment exceeds actual potential, then investors can lose all or most of their investment. High tech is often viewed as high risk, but...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
24 allalaadimist
3
doc

Cold war

Germanys only concern was to keep themselves happy and powerful. They wanted to make themselves the superior race. Hitlers idea of the perfect race, the Aryan race also didn't help, because the Aryan race should have people with light eyes,hair and skin, they should be tall and powerful. He didn't care for people who didn't meet his expectations of the perfect race. In his eyes all other groups of people like the Russians , Jews and just crazy, crippled or diseased people were worthless and didn't have any other use than for slave work or just killing. b) After the war twenty-four major political and military leaders of Nazi Germany, indicted for aggressive war, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, were brought to trial before the British, French, Russian and American judges. More than 100 additional defendants, representing many sectors of German society, were tried in a series of 12 trials.Twelve prominent Nazis were sentenced to death. Most of the defendants admitted to the crimes of which they were accused, although most claimed that they were simply following the orders of a higher authority. Those individuals directly involved in the killing received the most severe sentences. Other people who played key roles in the Holocaust, including high-level government officials, and business executives who used concentration camp inmates as forced la...

Ajalugu - Keskkool
6 allalaadimist
1
doc

Caves

Description The eastern border of Livonia was mainly formed already in the first half of the 13th century and the first belt of fortresses here was probably ready by the end of the 13th century. The first fortresses were not built on the border but further inland. The first decades of the 14th century brought no changes in the situation. Early in 1340 the relationship with Russians deteriorated again. Provincial master Burchard von Dreileben planned a campaign against Pskov and demanded the help of Tartu bishopric. The provincial master began to build another belt of border fortresses. On the Annunciation Day, March 25, 1342, the building of fortresses in Marienburg and Vastseliina began. The latter was called the fortress of the Virgin Mary, but it soon acquired the name of New (vastse) Town (Castrum Novum, Neuhausen, Nyhusen, Nowogrodek). The name is probably the result of a chronological comparison with the older Kirumpää fortress. The...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
5 allalaadimist
10
ppt

Napoleon

Napoleon Kätlin Kass Kersti Lukso 11B Napoleone di Buonaparte · 1 5 Aug us t 1 7 6 9 ­ 5 Ma y 1 8 2 1 · Fre nc h m ilita ry a nd p o litic a l le a d e r · Em p e ro r o f th e Fre nc h · King o f Ita ly · Mediator of the Swiss Confederation · Protector of the Confederation of the Rhine Early career · commissioned a second lieutenant in La Fere artillery · a complex threeway struggle was playing out between royalists, revolutionaries, and Corsican nationalists · conflict with Pasquale Paoli · appointed artillery commander of the French forces besieging Toulon Early Career · imprisoned in the Chateau d'Antibes in August 1794, but was released within two weeks · engaged to Desiree Clary Coronation as Emperor · the arrest of Duke of Enghien · crowned himself Emperor in1804 · was crowned King of Italy · declared the Papal States ...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
25 allalaadimist
4
doc

Homereading - body language

People who are in bad shape emotionally will often place great importance in it. In fact, they often pick up the smallest hint of a lapse in attention in the person they are speaking to. And they frequently jump to the conclusion that they are boring or a nuisance - thus compounding any sense of depression or poor self-esteem. A way to learn the secrets of body language is to watch television with the sound turned off and try to interpret what is being said simply from reading body language. You will experience that humans say a lot with their mouth which is contradicted by their body, gestures and other channels of communication. Messages are ambiguous. But a notable feature of the early years of the 21st century is the fact that the body language of different nations is gradually becoming more similar. Thus, a gesture made by someone in (say) South America can often be easily interpreted by people in Russia or Japan. Much of this is due to the effects of TV, which of course shows the same sort of `soap operas' in all parts of the globe. Words and body language If a child is to believe the parents who say that it's healthy to go to bed early, it usually doesn't make much sense unless the parents express it with both words and body language. Otherwise, the child may get the impression that it is only good for the parents that the child is put to bed early. It is important to remember that, although body language does give you an additional channel of communication, which sometimes contradicts the spoken word, it should be interpreted with care. For one thing, body language can be affected by particular habits of the speaker. Apart from individual differences, there are also differences between geographical regions, as well as between cultural groups. For example, in Greece, you nod your head for 'no', and shake your head for 'yes'. Th...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
21 allalaadimist
6
doc

Moskvast

, , . : , , , , , , , . -- , , , . , , . . , . , , . : · 121 ( : , , , ) · 31 · 97 ( : , . . . , ) · 72 41 , 19 (4 -- ). 45 . 1864 , . , , . , , , , . . , . . , . - , . - . - . - . , . - , , , ... , - , . , , , . , , 9 . 1475 - 1479 .. , , , . , , , . : , , , , . -. - -. - . III . - . - - , -. - 6 . - . .. . , , " ". , , . , . . . - - ­ . , , XII - XIII .. ,...

Vene keel - Põhikool
34 allalaadimist
10
doc

Theater of Tallinn

2 Introduction.................................................................................................................................3 The Estonia National Opera........................................................................................................4 Russian Drama Theatre...............................................................................................................5 Tallinn City Theatre.................................................................................................................... 6 Estonian Drama Theatre..............................................................................................................7 Estonia National Puppet Theatre.................................................................................................8 .....................................................................................................................................................8 Conclusion.................................................................................................................................. 9 References...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
11 allalaadimist


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