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Translation history (0)

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Summary
Early history of translation studies – Cicero and St. Jerome (what did they do/how/why are they relevant to translation studies?)
St. JeromeGreek scholar, did some translation work . Lived during the 4th century . Jerome is best known as the translator of the Bible into Latin . A previous version (now called the Old Latin) existed, but Jerome's version far surpassed it in scholarship and in literary quality. Jerome was well versed in classical Latin (as well as Greek and Hebrew), but deliberately translated the Bible into the style of Latin that was actually spoken and written by the majority of persons in his own time. This kind of Latin is known as Vulgate Latin ( meaning the Latin of the common people), and accordingly Jerome's translation is called the Vulgate.
Cicero – Lived during the 1st century BC. Roman politician, philosopher & translator. Theory ‘‘word-for-word’’ & ‘‘ sense -for-sense’’.
Martin Luther – his role in the history of translation studies.
Lived during the 15th century. He was a priest , theologian & translator. During that time, the Bible’s were only available in either Latin or Hebrew, which made it very difficult for common people to understand . He came out with a radical plan to translate the Bible into local languages (the first language was German – translated by Martin Luther). This inspired many other translators during that period .
What happened in the 19th and 20th century in translation studies? When and who created the term ‘translation studies’?
Translation Studies – James S. Holmes - 1972
Ferdinand de Saussure – Lived during the 19th and 20th century. He was a Swiss linguist and a semiotician. He is widely considered one of the fathers of 20th-century linguistics and one of two major fathers (together with Charles Sanders Peirce ) of semiotics/semiology. Saussure's most influential work, Course in General Linguistics (Cours de linguistique générale), was published posthumously in 1916 by former students Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye on the basis of notes taken from Saussure's lectures in Geneva. The Course became one of the seminal linguistics works of the 20th century, not primarily for the content (many of the ideas had been anticipated in the works of other 20th century linguists), but rather for the innovative approach that Saussure applied in discussing linguistic phenomena. Saussure is one of the founding fathers of semiotics, which he called semiology. His concept of the sign / signifier /signified/referent forms the core of the field . Equally crucial , although
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Translation history #1 Translation history #2 Translation history #3 Translation history #4 Translation history #5 Translation history #6 Translation history #7
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Lisainfo

Kokkuvõte tõlketehnika ajaloost küsimuste ja vastuste vormis.
language , social , latin , language use , translation , class , signifier , formal , century , between , mean , words , translator , language variety

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