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Tallinn (3)

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Tallinn English College




English
Sergo Vainumäe
9A
TALLINN
Report


Supervisor:
Inge Välja









Tallinn 2006

Order of contents:
1. Introduction
2. Toompea
3. Lower Town
4. Kadriorg and Pirita
5.Museums










1. Introduction
Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, lies on the Baltic Sea. It is on almost the same latitude east St. Petersburg in Russia , Stockholm in Sweden and Stavanger in Norway, and covers 158 sq km.
Tallinn was first marked on a map of the world by the Arab geographer al- Idrisi in 1154, its name then being Kolyvan (probably derived from the name Kalev). In the 13th - century Chronicle of Henricus de Lettis the town was called Lyndanise. Later came Reval (presumably after the old county of Rävala), the name used by the Germans who ruled the country for seven centuries . Russians then modified Reval to Revel. For Estonians , the town came to be called Tallinn from Taanilinn (Danish town) after Danish conquest in the 13th century. Over the course of time, Taanilinn was shortened to Tallinn
The place is believed to have been settled by Finno-Ugric peoples about 2500 BC.
The Danes, led by King Valdemar II, conquered northern Estonia in 1219. Legend has it that one day, when the Danes were about to lose a bloody battle, the sky suddenly opened and a red flag with a white cross on it dropped down upon them from the heavens. This is allegedly how the Danes obtained their national flag, the Dannebrog – in a battle against the Estonians.
In the middle of the 14th century Denmark sold its possessions in Estonia to the German Teutonic Order. Toompea became the seat of the German-born gentry. A wall was built to separate the Upper Town and the Lower Town.
In 1285 Tallinn joined the Hanseatic league and became a junction of trade between East and West . Tallinn is said to be built on salt , as it was an important trading commodity.
In the 16th century Tallinn had a population of about 7,000 – 8,000 making it one of the biggest cities in northern Europe . In 1629 Sweden took control of the whole of Estonia. Though hard times continued, the period that followed is known as the “ good old Swedish era”: foundations were laid for the Estonian school system, the privileges of the nobility were curtailed, local peasants were granted the right to own property, and so on.
Peter the Great wanted to open a window onto Europe for Russia so he started the Northern War in 1700. Estonia remained under Russian rule and the Baltic-German nobility vowed allegiance to the Tsar ; the barons were restored their former privileges.
In 1870 a railway line was opened from St. Petersburg to Tallinn. Tallinn grew into a major port and an industrial centre . Estonians became conscious of their national identity. Tartu was the centre of the movement of national awakening .
On 24 February 1918, Estonia was proclaimed an independent democratic republic . Tallinn developed into a modern European capital. A period of prosperity followed, but independence only lasted for 20 years .
During World War II Estonia was occupied by both German and Russian invaders, and Tallinn suffered heavily. The bombing of the city by the Soviet air forces on 9 March 1944 left over 20,000 people homeless. During the Russian occupation which followed (and which lasted for five decades) attempts were made to Russify the local people. Large scale industry was developed in Tallinn, workers were resettled from Russia and new blocks of flats sprang up on the outskirts to provide housing for the newcomers. Tallinn was the biggest grain- handling port in the Soviet Union. Russian speakers outnumbered Estonians in Tallinn.
Estonia re- established its independence on 20 August 1991. There is still
80% sisust ei kuvatud. Kogu dokumendi sisu näed kui laed faili alla
Vasakule Paremale
Tallinn #1 Tallinn #2 Tallinn #3 Tallinn #4 Tallinn #5 Tallinn #6 Tallinn #7 Tallinn #8 Tallinn #9 Tallinn #10
Punktid 50 punkti Autor soovib selle materjali allalaadimise eest saada 50 punkti.
Leheküljed ~ 10 lehte Lehekülgede arv dokumendis
Aeg2008-02-28 Kuupäev, millal dokument üles laeti
Allalaadimisi 51 laadimist Kokku alla laetud
Kommentaarid 3 arvamust Teiste kasutajate poolt lisatud kommentaarid
Autor Serg0 Õppematerjali autor

Lisainfo

Introduction, Toompea, Lower Town, Kadriorg and Pirita, Museums. 8lk

Mõisted


Kommentaarid (3)

Serg0 profiilipilt
Serg0: pagan, "Lower Town" kirjutasin mööda kunagi ammu uploadides :D..
15:40 26-05-2009
emmy profiilipilt
emmy: sisukas jutt, palju informatsiooni
17:04 20-04-2009
aadukke profiilipilt
aadukke: norm
12:05 05-06-2009


Sarnased materjalid

7
doc
Tallinn-topic
16
pptx
TALLINN
278
doc
ESTONIAN SYMPHONIC MUSIC-THE FIRST CENTURY 1896-1996
3
doc
Tallinn
5
doc
Old Tallinn
9
docx
Tallinn Old Town
2
docx
About Tallinn
309
pdf
Upstream intermediate b2 teacher s book





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