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History of philosophy (0)

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History of Philosophy
James Thurlow, Ph.D.
01.02.2012
Books to read

  • Greek philosophy
  • Republic
  • Philosophy of History
    Ancient Greece
    Men’s progress towards freedom . (Hegel)
    Persia is under emperor Xerxes - slaves, fighting for Xerxes and their country , but it does not mean anything to them
    Greece cities- Patriotism, they are fighting for their freedom and for their country, you can quit , because you volunteered, individuality.
    • Zeus (son of Chronos– Time and Gaia – Earth)

    • Transmigration of Souls- souls leave the bodies

    • Psyche- the mind


    Miletus
    Underlying principle of the universe - H20
    Milesian or Ionian School
    • Thales circa 624-546 BC
    • “All things come from water into water all things are resolved”
    • Nietzsche claimed that he deserved to be considered the first philosopher because he argued:
      • About the origin of things
      • Without image or story
      • Claimed that all things are unified
    • Anaximander 610-546 BC
    • Anaximenes 585-528 BC
    Lawgivers:
    • Seven Sages
    • Solon of Athens
    • Thales of Miletus
    The Presocratics- first Greece philosophers
    Anaximander
    • All things are apeiron (without border, either internal or external)
    • From Anaximander we have the earliest words from a philosopher’s own writing:
    • Whence things have their origin,

    Thence also their destruction happens,
    According to necessity;
    For they give to each other justice and recompense
    For their injustice
    In conformity with the ordinance of Time
    Things have tendency to return back to its original form. Things were undifferented mass, this mass is in motion . All things are always in motion.
    All life, including men came from fish . First humans came full -grown from fish’s belly .
    Anaximenes
    All is aer ( spirit or mist) - all things come from spirit or mist.
    Spirit is distilled liquor.
    From cloud- air, water, earth, fire - all comes from aer.
    Connection
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    History of philosophy #1 History of philosophy #2 History of philosophy #3 History of philosophy #4 History of philosophy #5 History of philosophy #6 History of philosophy #7 History of philosophy #8
    Punktid 100 punkti Autor soovib selle materjali allalaadimise eest saada 100 punkti.
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