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5 Hindamata
 
Estonian history between
1710-1850 and 1850-1918
Contents
Contents.................................................................................................................................. 2
1710­1850.............................................................................................................................. 3
Population and social structure........................................................................................ 4
Serfdom and the intensifying manorial economy ............................................................. 4
Influences of Pietism and the Moravian Brethren............................................................. 5
Enlightenment and enlightened absolutism...................................................................... 6
1850­1918.............................................................................................................................. 8
The national awakening................................................................................................... 8
The russification period.................................................................................................... 9
Emergence of parties and the 1905 revolution............................................................... 11
The post-revolutionary situation and World War I (1907­1917)...................................... 14
Our opinion............................................................................................................................ 18
References............................................................................................................................ 19

2|Page
1710­1850
The century and a half following the Great Northern War, which ended with the Peace of
Uusikaupunki, was a relatively static period in Estonian history with few momentous events.
This was the time of the crystallization and the culmination of serfdom, when various socio-
political and cultural undercurrents were also active, preparing the ground for the industrial
society and the national-democratic movement in the second half of the 19th century.
The 1710 of the corporations of knights and towns, until Alexander II (1855­1881),
established the relationships between Estonia, Livonia and the Russian Empire. The Baltic
Landesstaat reached its full development.
The freedom of action in the new provinces was naturally granted to one of the most firm
ideological pillars of the tsarist empire -- the Russian orthodox church; though as the
Landeskirche in the Estonian and Livonian territories, the Lutheran church long maintained a
de facto predominance.
The most important organ of Baltic German local government was the Diet, consisting of all
the noble families who had been `selected' in a list of the eligible. Although jealously
guarding their privileges, the knighthoods still never became entirely closed. Between
sessions of a Diet, the legislative power of the knighthoods belonged to the Council of the
Diet.
The towns were governed by the
Town Councils, which
supplemented their ranks from
among the representatives of
merchants and lawyers. The
citizens and the inhabitants of a
town did not coincide -- most of
the population had no civic rights. The lower class mainly consisted of Estonians. While an
special status secured the supremacy of the Baltic knighthood and the German upper classes
in towns, it considerably aggravated the legal and social situation of Estonians. It can be said
that the pre-nationhood Landesstaat, with its strict social structure, effectively prevented
Estonians from becoming Germans.
92% sisust ei kuvatud. Kogu dokumendi sisu näed kui laed faili alla
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Evzik Õppematerjali autor

Lisainfo

Estonian history between 1710-1850 and 1850-1918
estonia , livonia , northern , war , enlightenment , awakening , russification , period , post-revolutionary , independence

Mõisted

Teemad

  • Contents
  • 1850
  • Population and social structure
  • Serfdom and the intensifying manorial economy
  • Influences of Pietism and the Moravian Brethren
  • Enlightenment and enlightened absolutism
  • 1918
  • The national awakening
  • The russification period
  • Emergence of parties and the 1905 revolution
  • The post-revolutionary situation and World War I (1907–1917)
  • The emergence of Estonian independence

Kommentaarid (1)


Eha Jakobson: Jah. Ülevaatlik, mitte liiga laialivalguv, heas keeles.
10:28 07-05-2017


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