Briti kirjandus 20 -21-sajand kordamisküsimused vastustega (0)

5 Hindamata
 
British Literature in the 20th-21st Century
REVISION QUESTIONS
1. The Contradictory, diverse, chaotic 20th century. New developments in science
and philosophy. The essence and influence of Freudian theory.
Contradictory, diverse, chaotic 20th c- simultaneous rejection and invocation of the past.
While modernists apotheosized the creative geniuses of the past, they also rejected old poetic
forms. Challenge old and established beliefs and more and more people had access to books and
education more people went to universities.
profound change in morals:
· No universal value and perspective on things
· Multiple truths, multiple perspectives
· Nothing has inherent (kaasasündinud, sisemist) importance
· Life lacks purpose
Science: Albert Einstein-general theory of relativity had a huge impact on culture as well.
Everything is relative.
Philosophy: Henri Bergson (French) came to challenge the immediate experience ad intuition are
more significant than rationalism and science for understanding reality. Opposition to materialism
and positivism. Opposition to abstract, untested theories &ideologies. Friedrich Nietzsche ,,God is
dead"-through explaining and putting forward theories had killed Christian god.
The essence of Freudian theory: the process in the human psyche
Superego-society, conscience, morals, traditions, religion, a moral censor
Ego-rational behavior, motivation, self-identification, conscious decisions
Id-instincts, natural responses, the pleasure principle, aggressive instincts, the death wish
Influence: In art and literature, Freud's theories influenced surrealism . Like psychoanalysis,
surrealistic painting and writing explores the inner depths of the unconscious mind. Freudian ideas
have provided subject matter for authors and artists. Critics often analyze art and literature in
Freudian terms.
2. Literary Modernism and its sub-movements. The influence of Structuralism
and psychoanalysis. Main characteristic features of Modernism. Denial of
conventions, traditional structure, plot and presentation of character. The
stream of consciousness. Allusiveness. Virginia Woolf's Modern Fiction as a
theoretical platform for Modernism. Criticism of Realist literary method.
Literary modernism: end of the 19th century-1920 (reached its height) and ended 1940s. A self-
conscious break with traditional aesthetic forms. Rejecting the sentiment and discursiveness typical
of Romanticism and Victorian literature for poetry that instead favored precision (täppis) of imagery
and clear, sharp language. Modernist writers embraced the unconscious fears of a darker
humanity.
Sub movements: surrealism, formalism, avant-garde, symbolism, imagism
Structuralism: Writers used myth and music as a part of the books structure. J. Joyce "Ulysses".
Deep structure is the same as in "odyssey" and T.S. Elliot "the fisher king"-more complicated
experiment. Aldous Huxley ,,point counter point"-builds his chapters on principles of music. R.
Aldington ,,death of a hero"-a jazz novel. Polyphony-harmony. Cacophony Virginia Woolf ,,the
waves"-symphony.
Psychoanalysis: The greatest influence of psychoanalysis on literary production has
probably been to add legitimacy to the already-existing trends towards greater
psychological introspection and towards more prominent and franker discussions of
sexuality.
Main characteristic features of Modernism: Characteristics of Modernism
Formal characteristics(11)
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Briti kirjanduse 20.-21. sajandi eksami kordamisküsimused vastustega, British Literature in the 20th-21st Century
briti kirjandus , 2012 , tallinna ülikool , the contradictory , diverse , chaotic 20th century , new developments in science and philosophy , the essence and influence of freudian theory , literary modernism and its sub-movements , the influence of structuralism and psychoanalysis , main characteristic features of modernism , denial of conventions , traditional structure , plot and presentation of character , the stream of consciousness , allusiveness , virginia woolf?s modern fiction as a theoretical platform for modernism , criticism of realist literary method , joseph conrad and literary impressionism , new ways of presenting character and experience , conrad?s literary output , lord jim , nostromo , heart of darkness and a critique of colonialism , kurtz as nietzsche?s superman , the darkness of human heart , civilization and barbarism: which is which? james joyce as a master of european modernism , joyce?s background , joyce and ireland , a portrait of the artist as a young man , stephen?s and joyce?s spiritual searchings , portrait as a modernist bildungsroman , revolution in style and composition , james joyce?s ulysses , life as a whole with its fundamental laws , structure , composition , language and style of ulysses , the use of myth , the characters: stephen , bloom , molly an d their mythological counterparts , joyce?s stream of consciousness: a means of characterisation and rendering life as a whole , the three characters? stream of consciousness , dh lawrence: man and writer , lawrence?s aesthetic: ?art for my sake? , why the novel matters , criticism of modern civilization , the influence of freudian theory , instinctive man vs , spiritual woman , lawrence?s women , sons and lovers , oedipus complex and the formation of the artist , ts eliot?s poetry , objective correlative , the love song of j alfred prufrock , paralysis , anxiety , fragmentation as typical features of the modern world and human condition (the waste land , the hollow men) virginia woolf: an innovative writer and a feminist classic , a troubled life on the verge of madness , bloomsbury group , woolf?s modernist aesthetic , peculiarities of woolf?s stream of consciousness , joyce?s and woolf?s stream of consciousness , the problem of time , change , and memory for human personality , mrs , dalloway , identity and survival , septimus smith as clarissa?s ?dark double? english literature of the 1930s-1950s , aggravating political and economic situation in the 1930s-1940s , a turn in the mood , aesthetic programme , moral convictions and public taste , the golden age of crime fiction , the literature of ?fair play? , graham greene , realism and existentialism , post wwii english literature , the age of fear , the philosophical novel , existentialism , loneliness , impossibility of communication , existence vs , being , william golding?s view of human nature , darkness visible , lord of the flies , a parable of man outside civilization , the 1960s as a new era in science , technology , politics , and society , victories and losses , new spirit and aesthetic , liberation world-wide , new consciousness: mass culture , counter-culture , cult of personality , ?the swinging sixties? and ?the sagging seventies? , the politics and poetics of postmodernism , resistance to interpretations , play with language , genre , character , ?the true? and ?the real? , the role of media and ideology , differences between post-war and postmodern fiction; postmodernism and modernism , anthony burgess , a clockwork orange as a satiric dystopia , the philosophy of free choice , burgess?s linguistic experiments , women?s liberation movement and the literature of feminism , second-wave feminism , political and social campaigns and victories , revolution in culture and language , hélène cixous and l?écriture feminine , sex vs , gender (s , de beauvoir , butler) , genres and characteristics of feminist literature , angela carter , the evolution of the writer?s career 1960s-1990s: from radicalism to magic realist metafiction , femininity as a constructed notion in a , carter?s short stories , novels and non-fiction , new woman changing old rules in nights at the circus and the loves of lady purple , magic realism: characteristic features and philosophical meaning , play with time and reality , plurality of worlds and truths , the ?real? and its representations (examples from a , carter) , historiographic metafiction , linda hutcheon , history as a collection of representations , historiographic metafiction and magic realism in the writings of salman rushdie , postcolonial situation and postcolonial trauma , d m thomas?s view of history as myth , postmodern play , metafiction , magic realism , intertextuality and plagiarism (or pastiche!) in the white hotel , english literature at the millennium , 1990-2010: diversity of writers and social responses , major historical events and their influence on cultural climate , responses of different ethnic groups , literature of second- and third-generation immigrants from former colonies , nadeem aslam?s politics , language and characters , cultural hybridity as predicament and site for dialogue and development , postmodernism , realism , postcolonialism and hybridity in the writings of zadie smith , cultural construction and the ?beauty myth? , postmodernism as a life-style , fiction that goes beyond literature , jeanette winteron: self-conscious , self-advertising writer , winterson?s postmodernism: gender blending , identity as a construct , cyberspace and 21st-century fiction , ian mcewan: the progress of a mainstream writer , mcewan?s psychological fiction , violence and alienation as part of zeitgeist , mcewan?s children , responses to urgent contemporary concerns: climate change and ecocriticism

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