Position in the world.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a
country comprising the mainland of the Australia continent,
the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. Its the
world`s sixthlargest country by total area.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated,forming a
Commonwealth of Australia, since Federation, Australia has
maintaned a stable liberal democratic political system.
The population of 22,7 million is highly urbanised and
heavily concentrated in eastern states due to geography and
A highly developed country, Australia is the world's 12th
largest economy and has the world's fifthhighest per capita
Although most of Australia is semiarid or desert, it includes a diverse range
of habitats from alpine heaths to tropical rainforests.
Australian forests are mostly made up of evergreen species, particularly
eucalyptus trees in the less arid regions, wattles replace them in drier regions
and deserts as the most dominant species. Among wellknown Australian
fauna are the monotremes (the platypus and echidna); a host of marsupials,
including the kangaroo, koala, and wombat, and birds such as the emu and the
The koala and eucalyptus form an iconic australian pair