Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country
in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the
Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller
islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Australia flag Australia coat of arms.
Australia is a cloudless dark blue sky, the bright
sun, multikilometer beaches with snowwhite
sand and ocean up to horizon.
Australia's landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometers is on the
IndoAustralian Plate. Surrounded by the Indian and Pacific
oceans, it is separated from Asia by the Arafura and Timor
seas. It the sixth largest country in area after Russia, Canada,
China, the United States and Brazil. It is the flattest and (after
Antarctica) the driest of continents, yet it has extremes of
There are rainforests and vast plains in the north, snowfields in the
south east, desert in the center and fertile croplands in the east, south
and south west. About one third of the country lies in the tropics.
Mountain ranges run from north to south along the east coast,
reaching their highest point in Mount Kosciusko (2,228 m).
The western half of the continent is occupied by a desert
plateau that rises into barren, rolling hills near the west coast.
Australia is warm and dry. There is very little extremely cold
regions in Australia. Summer last from December to February.
Human habitation of Australia is estimated to have begun between
42,000 and 48,000 years ago, possibly with the migration of people
by land bridges and short seacrossings from what is now
Southeast Asia. These first inhabitants may have been ancestors of
modern Indigenous Australians. At the time of European settlement
in the late 18th century, most Indigenous Australians were hunter
gatherers, with a complex oral culture