The United States of America is a very big country . Its territory is
about 9.4 million square kilometres and its population is more than 260 million people, 12% of them are the Afro-Americans. It is the world's third-largest country by size and by
population. The population density is about 27 people per square
kilometre. Most of the people live in towns. There are
50 states in America. The biggest of the state is Texas , next by size are California , Alaska and Montana . Six states -
Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut ,Rhode Island and
Massachusetts are called New England . They are all small states in
the U.S. that lie in the north - east . The first colony of immigrants settled down in Virginia , in the easternpart of the U.S.A.
biggest cities are New York , Washington, Chicago , Los Angeles , San Francisco , etc. The flag of America was adopted on 14th June 1777 . It is
called the “ Stars and Stripes”. It is said that Betsy Ross sewed
the first flag. It features 13 horizontal red and white stripes (for
the first colonies which formed the U.S.A.) and 50 stars on the blue background. Red means courage, blue justice and white innocence.
There is a star for every state of the USA. The officiallanguage of the USA is English; Spanish is also widely
The currency of the USA is the United States Dollar . The government of the USA is composed of three coordinate branches:
the executive , legislative and the judicial . All the three branches
are equal. The executive power is vested in the president , who holds
office for a term of four year . At the moment
George W. Bush is the president. The president is elected
together with a vice -president and will take his place when the
president dies or resigns in office. The president of the USA lives in the White House (at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue) Washington, D.C. while he holds office. The Legislative branch – Congress – consists of the Senate and
the House of Representatives. There are a hundred people in the
Senate (two from each state) and 435 people in the House of
Representatives. At the head of the Judicial branch is the Supreme Court, which has nine judges. The leadingparties in America are the Democrats and
the Republicans but there are also other parties.
The United States of America is situated in the central part of the
North American continent . Its western coast is washed by the Pacific Ocean and its eastern coast is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and in
the south its coast is washed by the Gulf of Mexico .
The coastline is even . There are no big islands belonging to the
U.S. except the Hawaiian Islands which lie halfway the continents of
America and Asia . The biggest peninsulas are the Florida Peninsula and Alaska. The United States of America has got three neighbours – Mexico in
the south, Canada in the north and the world's biggest country Russia just across the Bering Strait.
The continental part of the USA consists of two highland and two lowland regions. The highland regions are the Appalachians in the east and the
Cordilleras in the west . The Appalachians run parallel to the
Atlantic coast from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada; the highest peak is
2000 m high. The Cordilleras run along the Pacific coast with the Sierra Nevada in the south and the RockyMountains in the north; the
highest peak is Mt. Whitney (4,540 m) in the Sierra Nevada. The
Cordilleras are still an active region of the Earth. There are a
number of active volcanoes there and often earthquakes shake