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" toompea castle" - 27 õppematerjali

14
pptx

Toompea castle

TOOMPEA CASTLE Toompea Castle is a castle on Toompea hill Perched on a limestone cliff and towering over the rest of the city Time has been generous to Toompea castle -the well-protected fortress has been almost impregnable Location History Story of rulers and power in Estonia As times and rulers changed so did power and mentalities Today, we can find here buildings mostly dating from 3 periods: - the medieval order's stronghold with its impressive western wall and towers - the Russian-era government administration building with a facade representing classical styles and opening onto Castle Square - the building of the Riigikogu, which originates from the time of the First Republic of Estonia and is hidden behind the walls of the castle. Beginning Old legend - the hill of Toompea was heaped up, stone by stone, by Linda The ear...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
1 allalaadimist
2
doc

Toompea lossi inglisekeelne kirjeldus

The history of Toompea is actually the story of rulers and power in Estonia. The times and rulers changed and so did power and mentalities – each new ruler built and fortified this place according to his needs and taste. Today, visitors to Toompea can find here buildings mostly dating from three periods: the medieval order’s stronghold with its impressive western wall and towers, the most well-known of which is the tower of Tall Herman; the Russian-era government administration building with a facade representing classical styles and opening onto Castle Square; and the building of the Riigikogu, which originates from the time of the First Republic of Estonia and is hidden behind the walls of the castle Time has been generous to Toompea castle. The well-protected fortress has been almost impregnable. It has been spared big fires and, even more importantly, the palace has always had its masters. Being a centre of power...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
5 allalaadimist
6
docx

Giidindus- Toompea

It towers about 30-40 m above the surrounding areas. According to the legend it´s the tumulus mound over the grave of the national hero Kalev, erected stone by stone in his memory by his grieving wife Linda. It is the birthplace of Tallinn - a place where in 1229 the Knights of the Sword built a fortress instead of the wooden Estonian stronghold. Toompea Castle is also one of the most potent symbols of the reigning power. Today Toompea is the seat of the Government of Estonia as well as the Riigikogu, both of which are often simply colloquially referred to as Toompea. For centuries there was only one access to Toompea - Pikk Jalg - but there is also another way leading up to Toompea - Lühike Jalg, which was made in the 14th century. At present Pikk Jalg and Lühike Jalg are used only by pedestr...

Inglisekeelne geograafia - Keskkool
2 allalaadimist
4
doc

My Town

It's the capital and main seaport of Estonia. Tallinn is a very beautiful city that lies on the Baltic Sea. It covers 158 square kilometres. The Mayor of Tallinn is Jüri Ratas. The population of our capital is about 400000 people. About 55% of them are Estonian, 37% Russians and the other 8% are from different nations. The people here are mostly engaged in industry- mainly the food industry (23%), trade (16%) and transport and communication (14%). History. Tallinn has a great history. It was first marked on a map of the world by the Arab geographer al-Idrisi in 1154, its name then being Kolyvan. In the 13 th- century chronicle of Henricus de Lettis the town was called Lyndanise. Then it was called Reval for some time and finally Estonians started to call the town Tallinn from Taanilinn (Danish town) after the Danish conquest in the 13th century. Th...

Inglise keel -
5 allalaadimist
10
doc

Tallinn

Tallinn English College English Sergo Vainumäe 9A TALLINN Report Supervisor: Inge Välja Tallinn 2006 Order of contents: 1.Introduction 2.Toompea 3.Lower Town 4.Kadriorg and Pirita 5.Museums 1. Introduction Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, lies on the Baltic Sea. It is on almost the same latitude east St. Petersburg in Russia, Stockholm in Sweden and Stavanger in Norway, and covers 158 sq km. Tallinn was first marked on a map of the world by the Arab geographer al-Idrisi in 1154, its name then being Kolyvan (probably derived from the name Kalev). In the 13th-century Chronicle of Henricus de Lettis the town was called Lyndanise. Later came Reval (presumably after the old county of Rävala), the name used by the Germans who ruled the country for seven centuries. Russians then modified Reval to Re...

inglise teaduskeel - Põhikool
51 allalaadimist
34
doc

Rumeenia

Leidsime ploomipuskari pruulikoja, kus degusteerisime veine ja palinkat.Kogu linn tundus eestlasi täis olevat- ühed tulid vastu, teised läksid mööda. Istusime vabaõhukohvikus ja limpsisime jäätist.Bussijuht Karu ja pealik Urmas olid karmid- hilinejatelt nõuti sisse kohustuslik vein. Teekond läks edasi Brasovi poole- linn suure mäe külje all. Suur mägi andis linnale fantastilise mulje- ilus kesklinn oli oma nukumajadega armas! Omaette elamus oli sõita köisraudteega üles Brasovi mäele. Jõudsime üles just äikesevihma ajaks. Suurepärane vaaade linnale ja ümbritsevatele mägedele! Brasovi rumeenlaste poole tänavad olid kõverad, sakslaste poolel sirged, lugesime 4 surnuaeda. Otsisime tihedas vihmas teed Zarnesti poole, et seal ööbida ja meie kaks gruppi Tra...

Geograafia - Põhikool
14 allalaadimist
8
doc

Eesti referaat

Tallinna Inglise Kolledz Estonia Topic Alice Tärk, 9b Tallinn 2007 FACTFILE Area: 45 228 sq km Poplulation: under 1.4 million Capital: Tallinn Language: Estonian Currency: Eesti kroon (EEK) Main religion: Lutheran National holiday: 24 February (anniversary of the republic) National flower: Cornflower National bird: Barn Swallow National stone: Limestone LOCATION The Republic of Estonia is the northernmost and smallest of the three Baltic States. It is located on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea in the north east of Europe. To the east the country borders Russia. Latvia is the countries neighbour to the south. From the west the coast of Estonia is washed by the Baltic Sea and from the north by the Gulf of Finland. The length of the coastline is approximately 3 800 km. The longest distance from east to west is 350 km, while north...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
173 allalaadimist
12
ppt

The Old Town

The Old Town (The Dome Hill) Kelly Pärkman 10a Tallinn Lillekyla Gymnasium Table of Contents Tallinn Toompea Castle Tall Hermann's Tower Cathedral of Saint Mary the Virgin Danish King's Garden The House of the Estonian Knighthood Maiden Tower References Tallinn The centre of Tallinn Dome Hill The lower town Toompea Castle Location Built in the 13th to the 14th centuries Wooden fortress The building of the Riigikogu Several parts Tall Hermann's Tower Location 14th century The name of the tower The Estonian flag Cathedral of Saint Mary the Virgin Location Lutheran church 1219 1233...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
16 allalaadimist
1
rtf

Vaatamisväärsused Eestis

The first part was built 1360-1370. It was rebuilt 16th century. A staircase with 215 steps leads to the top of the tower. The Niguliste church The Niguliste church dates back to the 13th century, tough most of the present structure is 200 years later than that. The curch is also used for concerts and organ recitals and has fine accoustics. Alexander Nevski Cathedral The buildings belltowers host a total of 11 belss the largest of wich weighs 15 tonnes. One of the most spectacular seights in the old town of Tallinn is the Alexander Nevski Cathedral's interior. The Pühavaimu church The tower bell of Pühavaimu church, made in 1433, is the oldest in Estonia. And the painted clock...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
24 allalaadimist
7
doc

Tallinn-topic

It has nearly half a million inhabitants and covers an area of almost 160 sqkm. It is also an important economic and cultural centre and one of the main ports in the Baltic States. Tallinn is one of the oldest cities on the Baltic Sea. It is unique for its well-preserved architecture from the 13-15 centuries. In contrast to the ancient town-walls and towers, Tallinn of today offers modern hotels, restaurants, sport and cultural centres. Every five years national song and folk dance festivals take place in Tallinn. The yachting regatta of the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games was held at Pirita. History Tallinn means in English "Danish town". The place is believed to have been settled by Finno-Ugric people about 2500 BC. It was first marked on a map of the world by the Arab geographer al-Idrisi in 1154. The Estonians were the first to build a stronghold on the spot of the Toompea Hill, but the real Tallinn was built by the Danes who conquered the north of Estonia in 1219. Legend has it that one day, when the Danes were about to lose a bloody battle, the sky suddenly opened and a red flag with a white cross on it dropped down upon them from the heaven. This is how the Danes obtained their national flag. In 1346 the Danish king sold his Estonian lands to the Teutonic Order, who a year later resold them to the Livonian Order. The Germans renamed Tallinn and called it Reval. Toompea became the seat of the German-born gentry. A fortified wall was built between Toompea (the Upper Town) and the Lower Town, as there were conflicts between the two. The Lower Town was the home of simple people, the artisans and the merchants. The doors and gates in the wall were locked at night. Tallinn joined the German-dominated Hanseatic League in 1285 and became a junction of trade between East and West: furs, honey, leather and...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
40 allalaadimist
16
pdf

Tallinn

2 km2 Old Town of Tallinn Tallinn's Old Town is one of the most well- preserved old towns in northern Europe The golden era in lies in the period between the early 15th and mid 16th centuries It has three parts: Lower Town, Upper Town + Town Wall, Towers and the Gates Lower Town/Upper Town Town Hall Square Toompea Castle & Tall Tallinn Town Hall Hermann's Tower Town Hall Pharmacy Cathedral of Saint Mary the Virgin Great Guild Hall Danish King's Garden House of the Brotherhood of Black Heads Other Attractions Ka...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
34 allalaadimist
3
docx

Eestlased vs ristisõdijad

*Estonians conquered by the crusaders ­ 1208 *Reformation ­ 16th century ­ establishments of new school, Estonians first book appeared in 1525 *Tartu University ­ 1632 ­ founded by King Gustavus II Adolphus, classical university, member of the Coimbra group *Abolition of serfdom ­ 1816 *Song festival ­ 1869 ­ in Tartu, an organiser was J.V.Jannsen, 822 singers, men only *Declaration of independence ­ 24th February 1918 *War of independence ­ 1918-1920 ­ during the Russian Civil War, resulted in a victory for Estonia *Deportation ­ 1949 *Estonia becomes independent ­ 20th August 1991 *Joining EU ­ 1st May 2004 Language: Estonian language, belongs to the Balti-Finnic group of the Finno-Ugric languages, closely realted to Finnish and rather remotely to Hungarian; Latin alphabet with 32 letters , 5 of which occur only in foreign words, the phenomes include 9 vowels and 18 consonants; words are borrowed from Latin, Greek, English etc.; sinc...

Eesti maalugu - Keskkool
7 allalaadimist
1
doc

Tallinn

It occupies an area of 159.2 km2 (61.5 sq mi) with a population of 411,196. During different periods, the city has been known under several different names. In 1154 a town called Qlwn or Qalaven (possible derivations of Kalevan or Kolyvan) was put on the world map of the Almoravid by cartographer Muhammad al-Idrisi who described it as a small town like a large castle among the towns of Astlanda. It has been suggested that the Quwri in Astlanda may have denoted the predecessor town of today's Tallinn. The earliest name Kolyvan may be derived from the mythical Estonian hero Kalev. Up to the 13th century the Scandinavians and Henry of Livonia in his chronicle called the town Lindanisa: Lyndanisse in Danish, Lindanäs in Swedish, also mentioned as Ledenets in Old East Slavic. According...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
5 allalaadimist
17
ppt

Powerpointi esitlus vanalinna objektidest

On the northern portion of the passage you can find what's left of St. Catherine's Church (hence the passage name) and various large, ancient tombstones that used to line the inside of the sanctuary. On the southern portion of the passage, you'll find numerous artisan workshops, where you'll even get see them hard at work creating new items. City wall Tallinn's medieval city wall is a sub-facility that was built to protect the lower Tallinn and upper Tallinn (Toompea). The building of the city wall began in 1310th years, and by improving over time it formed the city wall with defensive buildings (towers). It was finished by the end of the 1561. Then it was 2.35-kilometer-long circular wall, which had 27 wall gate, 8 tower gate and 21 other stone fortifications. Many parts of the to...

Inglisekeelne geograafia - Keskkool
17 allalaadimist
1
doc

Estonian cities

It occupies an area of 159.2 square kilometers with a population of 413,000. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the banks of the Gulf of Finland, 80 km south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. Tallinn was founded in the 12th century and has been under the rule of Denmark, Sweden, and Germany as well as Russia, and all left their mark on the city's architecture. It is one of the best preserved medieval towns in northern Europe, and makes a beautiful impression from the sea, with its ancient city walls, church spires, and red-tile roofed homes. Tallinn has previously been named as Kolõvan, Lindanise and Reval. Most well-known sights in Tallinn are Freedom Square, Kadriorg Palace, Rotermann Quarter, Tallinn Song Festival Grounds, Toompea Castle and Town Hall Square, the Old Town of Tallinn and many more. Tallinn's Old Town i...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
6 allalaadimist
1
rtf

"Tallinn old town"

It is built on a big hill and is surrounded with big walls. There is a lot of medieval style houses and inns, courtyards, churches and museums and a lot more. Many have described Tallinn Old Town as mystic and addictive. Unlike other capital cities in Europe, Tallinn has managed to preserve the completeness and structure of it's medieval and Hanseatic origin. Even after 7 centuries, Town Hall Square still remains as the social heart of the city and is hosting many concerts and fairs. Town Hall on Town Hall square is the only intact Gothic town hall in Northern Europe, now operates as a museum and concert hall.On top of the Town Hall tower, you will see a beloved guard of Tallinn Old Town ­ Vana Toomas.One of the most impressive churches in Old Town is 15th and 16th century, St. Olaf's Church (Oleviste) wit...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
10 allalaadimist
6
pptx

Tallinn, our capital city

Tallinn, our capital city General overview Location Population Climate Medieval Old Tallinn Tourism Tallinn's Old Town attractions The Town Hall Square Toompea Castle UNESCO Modern Tallinn Freedom Square Kadriorg Park European Capital of Culture 2011 Tallinn 2011 Young Audience Programm References http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estonia http://www.tourism.tallinn.ee/fpage/experience/tallinn_2011 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tallinn_park_kadrioru.jpg http://www.visitestonia.com/en/multimedia/kadriorgpark?selected=11872 http://www.visitestonia.com/en/multimedia/holidaydestinations/cityguide http://et.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pilt:Tallinn_greater_coatofarms.png ...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
5 allalaadimist
5
doc

Estonia

Võnnu Keskkool ESTONIA Referaat Autor: Klass : 9 Juhendaja: Võnnu 2013 Estonia officially the Republic of Estonia, is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia.Across the Baltic Sealies Sweden in the west and Finland in the north. The territory of Estonia covers 45,227km2 The Estonian climate resembles that of other countries on the Baltic littoral. On account of the country's proximity to the sea, the skies are often cloudy, and rain often falls in the spring and autumn, in the winter the rain turns to snow. The highest point in Estonia is Suur Munamäg It is in fact the highest point in the Baltic region Forest cover over one half of Estonia. The most common types of tree are pine, spruce and birch. Estonia, along w...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
2 allalaadimist
5
doc

Old Tallinn

Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It occupies an area of 159.2 km2 with a population of 416,470. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, 80 km south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. Tallinn's Old Town is in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It is ranked as a global city and has been listed among the top 10 digital cities in the world.The city was a European Capital of Culture for 2011, along with urku, Finland.Tallinn is the oldest capital inNorthern Europe. The city was known as Reval from the 13th century until the 1920s. http:en.wikipedia.orgwikiTallinn Old Tallinn The Old Town can historically be divided into two distinct areas: Toompea Hill and the Lower Old Town, which were separated by a dividing wall since medieval times. The elevated area of Toompea Hill with its castle was occupied by the residences of Tallinn's rulers and gentry. The Lower Old Town meanwhile developed as an autonomous merchantile centre, flourishing during the 13th-16th centuries, when the city enjoyed membership of the powerful Hanseatic Trading League. Generally speaking these two districts are now collectively referred as the Old Town. The Town wall and towers Medieval fortresses, which emerged during the development of the medieval town at the end of the 13th century, surrounded the city centre as a closed defence zone. By the 16th century, Tallinn's defence system was one of the most powerful in Northern Europe. The city wall was three meters thick, sixteen meters high, and four kilometres long, completely encircling the city with 46 defence towers. The portion of the wall that has survived is...

Inglise keel - Keskkool
3 allalaadimist
12
ppt

Essay about estonia

• Is a country of thousand of lakes. • The highest point is Suur Munamägi. • Forest cover over one half of Estonia. • Has more than 1 500 islands. National symbols of Estonia • Flag. • Coat of arms. • Toompea Castle and Tall Herman. • The Cornflower. • The Barnswallow. Culture • Music. • Visual arts. • Literature. • Theatre. • Film. • Sport. Ethnic groups • 68.7% Estonians. • 24.8% Russians. • 1.7% Ukrainians. • 1.0% Belarusians. • 0.6% Finns. • 3.2% others. • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estonia • http://www.google.ee/search? hl=et&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1024&bih=64 9&q=estonia&oq=estonia&gs_l=img.3..0l10.446.2227.0.2352. 7.4.0.3.3.0.104.328.3j1.4.0...0.0...1ac.1.8.img.1k3PuM463u4 • http://estonia.eu/ ...

Inglise keel - Põhikool
8 allalaadimist


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